Chapter 8- SLD Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8- SLD Deck (24)
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1

What is the purpose of assessment?

1. Determine whether a disorder exists
2. Establish baseline functioning
3. identify goals for instruction
4. measure response to instruction

2

What is reliability?

The extent to which a test yields consistent scores

3

What is inter-rater reliability?

the consistency of scores obtained on a measure administered under similar conditions across examiners

4

What is test-re-test reliability?

the consistency of scores obtained on a measure across time under similar conditions

5

What is validity?

The extent to which a test measures what it is designed to measure

6

What is face validity?

property of a test in which observers agree superficially that it appears to measure what it is designed to measure

7

What is content validity?

property of a test in which statistical tests confirm that the measure correlates with the underlying theoretical construct that it is designed to measure

8

What is sensitivity?

the extent to which a test accurately identifies children who have a language impairment

9

What is specificity?

the extent to which a test accurately identifies children who have not been diagnosed with a language impairment

10

What is a criterion based assessment?

An assessment designed to measure a specific linguistic skill & does not compare test performance to other children

11

What is macro-structure?

the story grammar or story elements

12

What is microstructure?

literate language

13

Down syndrome is also referred to as..?

Trisomy 21

14

What is typical language of a child with down syndrome?

language production is often more significantly affected than language comprehension
Syntax is more affected than semantics

15

What is the most common inherited form of intellectual handicap?

Fragile X

16

What are symptoms of fragile X?

moderate intellectual handicap, language-learning difficulties (expressive greater than receptive), articulation problems, poor organization, poor auditory memory, deficits in pragmatics

17

What is the most prevalent mental health diagnosis made in childhood?

ADHD

18

What are symptoms of ADHD?

difficulties with concentration, organization, impulse control, planning, distractability, short-term memory deficits 2/2 attention, deficits in social skills

19

What is the most common neural tube defect (NTD)?

Spina bifida

20

What is a neural tube defect?

affect the spinal cord, brain, & associated vertebrae

21

What are characteristics of NTD?

25% have intellectual disability, poor organization, attention, & academic fluency

22

What is a developmental, nonprogressive disability caused by a disturbance in the brain called?

Cerebral palsy

23

What are associated disabilities of CP?

visual, hearing, cognitive, speech-language, feeding, emotional/behavioral

24

What are the two diagnostic criteria for ASD?

1. restrictive, repetitive behaviors
2. deficits in social communication