Chapter 3: Models of Abnormality Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3: Models of Abnormality Deck (78)
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61

Who are the founders of the humanistic model?

-Abraham Maslow
-Carl Rogers

62

What is the principle of the humanistic-existential model?

Develop one's full potential and live an authentic self-determined life

63

How do humanistic existentialists define "psychological health"?

More than just the mere absence of psychiatric illness

64

What are some concepts that define the humanistic-existential model?

-Self actualization
-Creativity, love, authenticity
-Focus on inner strength
-Freedom of choice
-Take responsibility for one's life and choices
-Face fears, come to terms with the inevitability of death

65

What is self actualization?

Humanistic process by which people fulfill their potential for goodness and growth

66

Describe Carl Roger's client-centered therapy.

-Non-directive approach (didn't impose his own beliefs on client)
-Unconditional positive regard
-Reflection and validation of feelings
-Active listening
-Empathy for client

67

What are some therapy applications of the humanistic-existential model?

-Low self esteem individuals
-Individuals with no actual skill deficit
-Growth therapy to develop one's full inner potential

68

What is Gestalt therapy?

-Developed by Fritz Perls
-Guides clients toward self-recognition and self-acceptance
-Techniques = skillful frustration, role playing, rules

69

What are the advantages of group therapy?

-Group reduces sense of isolation
-Emotional support from group (group cohesiveness)
-Interpersonal learning
-Practice new skills
-Education
-Cheaper than individual therapy

70

What are the applications of group therapy?

-Panic disorder
-Eating disorders
-Substance abuse treatment
-Anger management

71

Describe the aspects of couple's therapy.

-Teach clear, direct communication
-Teach problem identification and problem solving
-Identify and understand mutual needs

72

What is the basic idea behind the family systems theory?

Families are interdependent systems whose interactions exhibit consistent patterns and unstated rules

73

Compare & contrast enmeshed vs. disengaged families.

-Enmeshed = members are grossly over involved in each other's activities, thoughts, feelings
-Disengaged = rigid boundaries between members
*both are dysfunctional

74

What are some applications of family systems models?

-Anxiety disorders in children (separation anxiety)
-Eating disorders in adolescents
-Acting out behavior in children

75

What is the main idea behind sociocultural models?

To really understand abnormal behavior, a much larger historical, cultural, and societal context is needed

76

What are the implications and interventions of sociocultural models?

-Prevention
-Early intervention
-Community education
-Self-help and support groups
-Identify social/cultural obstacles to recovery (poverty, prejudice, violence, lack of access to services)

77

What is the bio-psycho-social model?

Integration of genetic, biological, developmental, emotional, behavioral, cognitive approaches

78

What is the diathesis-stress model?

-Psychological disorders result from a combo of predispositions (genes, traits) that meet w/ stress factors (trauma, loss)