Chapter 3: Models of Abnormality Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3: Models of Abnormality Deck (78)
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Who are the founders of the humanistic model?

-Abraham Maslow
-Carl Rogers


What is the principle of the humanistic-existential model?

Develop one's full potential and live an authentic self-determined life


How do humanistic existentialists define "psychological health"?

More than just the mere absence of psychiatric illness


What are some concepts that define the humanistic-existential model?

-Self actualization
-Creativity, love, authenticity
-Focus on inner strength
-Freedom of choice
-Take responsibility for one's life and choices
-Face fears, come to terms with the inevitability of death


What is self actualization?

Humanistic process by which people fulfill their potential for goodness and growth


Describe Carl Roger's client-centered therapy.

-Non-directive approach (didn't impose his own beliefs on client)
-Unconditional positive regard
-Reflection and validation of feelings
-Active listening
-Empathy for client


What are some therapy applications of the humanistic-existential model?

-Low self esteem individuals
-Individuals with no actual skill deficit
-Growth therapy to develop one's full inner potential


What is Gestalt therapy?

-Developed by Fritz Perls
-Guides clients toward self-recognition and self-acceptance
-Techniques = skillful frustration, role playing, rules


What are the advantages of group therapy?

-Group reduces sense of isolation
-Emotional support from group (group cohesiveness)
-Interpersonal learning
-Practice new skills
-Cheaper than individual therapy


What are the applications of group therapy?

-Panic disorder
-Eating disorders
-Substance abuse treatment
-Anger management


Describe the aspects of couple's therapy.

-Teach clear, direct communication
-Teach problem identification and problem solving
-Identify and understand mutual needs


What is the basic idea behind the family systems theory?

Families are interdependent systems whose interactions exhibit consistent patterns and unstated rules


Compare & contrast enmeshed vs. disengaged families.

-Enmeshed = members are grossly over involved in each other's activities, thoughts, feelings
-Disengaged = rigid boundaries between members
*both are dysfunctional


What are some applications of family systems models?

-Anxiety disorders in children (separation anxiety)
-Eating disorders in adolescents
-Acting out behavior in children


What is the main idea behind sociocultural models?

To really understand abnormal behavior, a much larger historical, cultural, and societal context is needed


What are the implications and interventions of sociocultural models?

-Early intervention
-Community education
-Self-help and support groups
-Identify social/cultural obstacles to recovery (poverty, prejudice, violence, lack of access to services)


What is the bio-psycho-social model?

Integration of genetic, biological, developmental, emotional, behavioral, cognitive approaches


What is the diathesis-stress model?

-Psychological disorders result from a combo of predispositions (genes, traits) that meet w/ stress factors (trauma, loss)