Flashcards in Chapter 3: Models of Abnormality Deck (78)
Who are the founders of the humanistic model?
What is the principle of the humanistic-existential model?
Develop one's full potential and live an authentic self-determined life
How do humanistic existentialists define "psychological health"?
More than just the mere absence of psychiatric illness
What are some concepts that define the humanistic-existential model?
-Creativity, love, authenticity
-Focus on inner strength
-Freedom of choice
-Take responsibility for one's life and choices
-Face fears, come to terms with the inevitability of death
What is self actualization?
Humanistic process by which people fulfill their potential for goodness and growth
Describe Carl Roger's client-centered therapy.
-Non-directive approach (didn't impose his own beliefs on client)
-Unconditional positive regard
-Reflection and validation of feelings
-Empathy for client
What are some therapy applications of the humanistic-existential model?
-Low self esteem individuals
-Individuals with no actual skill deficit
-Growth therapy to develop one's full inner potential
What is Gestalt therapy?
-Developed by Fritz Perls
-Guides clients toward self-recognition and self-acceptance
-Techniques = skillful frustration, role playing, rules
What are the advantages of group therapy?
-Group reduces sense of isolation
-Emotional support from group (group cohesiveness)
-Practice new skills
-Cheaper than individual therapy
What are the applications of group therapy?
-Substance abuse treatment
Describe the aspects of couple's therapy.
-Teach clear, direct communication
-Teach problem identification and problem solving
-Identify and understand mutual needs
What is the basic idea behind the family systems theory?
Families are interdependent systems whose interactions exhibit consistent patterns and unstated rules
Compare & contrast enmeshed vs. disengaged families.
-Enmeshed = members are grossly over involved in each other's activities, thoughts, feelings
-Disengaged = rigid boundaries between members
*both are dysfunctional
What are some applications of family systems models?
-Anxiety disorders in children (separation anxiety)
-Eating disorders in adolescents
-Acting out behavior in children
What is the main idea behind sociocultural models?
To really understand abnormal behavior, a much larger historical, cultural, and societal context is needed
What are the implications and interventions of sociocultural models?
-Self-help and support groups
-Identify social/cultural obstacles to recovery (poverty, prejudice, violence, lack of access to services)
What is the bio-psycho-social model?
Integration of genetic, biological, developmental, emotional, behavioral, cognitive approaches