Chapter 3: Understanding Words Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3: Understanding Words Deck (14):
1

apo

away, off, apart: apoptosis- a form of cell death in which cells are shed from a developing structure

2

cyt

cell: cytoplasm- fluid (cytosol) & organelles between the cell membrane and nuclear envelope

3

endo

within: endopladmic reticulum- membranes complex within the cytoplasm

4

hyper

above: hypertonic- solution that has a greater osmotic pressure than the cytosol

5

hypo

below: hypotonic- solution that has a lesser osmotic pressure than the cytosol

6

inter

between: interphase- stage between mitotic division of a cell

7

iso

equal: isotonic- solution that has an osmotic pressure equal to that of the cytosol

8

lys

to break up: lysosome- organelle containing enzymes that break down proteins, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids

9

mit

thread: mitosis- stage of cell division when chromosomes condense

10

phag

to eat: phagocytosis- process by which a cell takes in solid particles

11

pino

to drink: pinocytosis- process by which a cell takes in tiny droplets of liquid

12

pro

before: prophase- first phase of mitosis

13

som

body: ribosome- tiny, spherical organelle composed of protein and RNA that supports protein synthesis

14

vesic

bladder: vesicle- small, saclike organelles that contains substances to be transported within the cell or secreted