Flashcards in Chapter 4, 5, 6 understanding words Deck (37):
Air:aerobic respiration- process that requires energy
Without: anaerobic respiration-does not require oxygen
Up: anabolism-cellular processes in which smaller molecules are built up into larger ones.
Down: catabolism -cellular processes that break down larger molecules into smaller ones.
With: coenzyme-substance that unites with a protein to complete the structure of an active enzyme molecule.
Undoing: deamination-process that removes nitrogen containing portions of amino acid molecules
Change: mutation- change in genetic info
Spread out: substrate-substance upon which an enzyme acts
Causing to ferment: enzyme- protein that speeds up a chemical reaction without itself being consumed
Fat:adipose tissue- tissue that stores fat.
Cartilage:chondrocyte- cartilage cell
Cell: osteocytes-bone cel.
Upon, after, in addition: epithelial tissue- tissue that covers all free body surfaces.
Glue:neuralgia-cells that support neurons; part of nervous tissue.
Web, tissue: histology-study of composition and function of tissues.
Resemblance to glass: hyaline cartilage- flexible tissue contains chondrocytes.
Among, between: intercalated disc-band between adjacent cardiac muscle cells.
Large: macrophage-large phagocytic cell.
Nerve: neuron-nerve cell.
Bone: Osseous tissue-bone tissue
To eat: phagocyte- cell that engulfs and destroys foreign particles.
False: pseudostratified epithelium- tissue with cells that appear to be in layers but are not.
Scale:squamous epithelium- tissue with flattened or scalelike cells
Layer: stratified epithelium- tissue with cells in layers
Groove: striations- alternating light and dark cross markings in skeletal and cardiac muscle cells
White:albinism-lack of pigment in skin hair and eyes.
Skin: subcutaneous- beneath the skin.
Skin: dermis- inner layer of the skin.
Upon, after, in addition: epidermis- outer layer of the skin.
Small bag: hair follicle- tubelike depression in which a hair develops
Entire, whole: Holocrine gland- gland that discharges the entire cell containing the secretion
Horn: keratin- protein produced as epidermal cells die and harden.
Black: melanin- dark pigment produced by certain cells.
Passage, channel: pore- opening by which a sweat gland communicates to the skins surface.
Grease: sebaceous gland- gland that secretes an oily substance