Chapter 4, 5, 6 understanding words Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4, 5, 6 understanding words Deck (37):
1

Aer

Air:aerobic respiration- process that requires energy

2

An

Without: anaerobic respiration-does not require oxygen

3

Ana

Up: anabolism-cellular processes in which smaller molecules are built up into larger ones.

4

Cata

Down: catabolism -cellular processes that break down larger molecules into smaller ones.

5

Co

With: coenzyme-substance that unites with a protein to complete the structure of an active enzyme molecule.

6

De

Undoing: deamination-process that removes nitrogen containing portions of amino acid molecules

7

Mut

Change: mutation- change in genetic info

8

Strat

Spread out: substrate-substance upon which an enzyme acts

9

Sub

Under

10

Zym

Causing to ferment: enzyme- protein that speeds up a chemical reaction without itself being consumed

11

Adip

Fat:adipose tissue- tissue that stores fat.

12

Chondr

Cartilage:chondrocyte- cartilage cell

13

Cyt

Cell: osteocytes-bone cel.

14

Epi

Upon, after, in addition: epithelial tissue- tissue that covers all free body surfaces.

15

Glia

Glue:neuralgia-cells that support neurons; part of nervous tissue.

16

Hist

Web, tissue: histology-study of composition and function of tissues.

17

Hyal

Resemblance to glass: hyaline cartilage- flexible tissue contains chondrocytes.

18

Inter

Among, between: intercalated disc-band between adjacent cardiac muscle cells.

19

Macr

Large: macrophage-large phagocytic cell.

20

Neur

Nerve: neuron-nerve cell.

21

Os

Bone: Osseous tissue-bone tissue

22

Phag

To eat: phagocyte- cell that engulfs and destroys foreign particles.

23

Pseud

False: pseudostratified epithelium- tissue with cells that appear to be in layers but are not.

24

Squam

Scale:squamous epithelium- tissue with flattened or scalelike cells

25

Strat

Layer: stratified epithelium- tissue with cells in layers

26

Stria

Groove: striations- alternating light and dark cross markings in skeletal and cardiac muscle cells

27

Alb

White:albinism-lack of pigment in skin hair and eyes.

28

Cut

Skin: subcutaneous- beneath the skin.

29

Derm

Skin: dermis- inner layer of the skin.

30

Epi

Upon, after, in addition: epidermis- outer layer of the skin.

31

Follic

Small bag: hair follicle- tubelike depression in which a hair develops

32

Hol

Entire, whole: Holocrine gland- gland that discharges the entire cell containing the secretion

33

Kerat

Horn: keratin- protein produced as epidermal cells die and harden.

34

Melan

Black: melanin- dark pigment produced by certain cells.

35

Por

Passage, channel: pore- opening by which a sweat gland communicates to the skins surface.

36

Seb

Grease: sebaceous gland- gland that secretes an oily substance

37

Sudor

Sweat, sudoriferous glands: exocrine glands that secrete sweat.