Flashcards in Chapter 35 Deck (61):
a collection of organs that transport blood throughout the body
-made up of heart, blood vessels, and blood
a chamber that receives blood that is returning to the heart
one of the two large, muscular chambers that pump blood out of the heart
the rhythmic pressure of the blood against the walls of a vessle, particularly an artery
a blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart to the body's organs
a tiny blood vessel that allows an exchange between blood and cells in tissue
a vessel that carries blood to the heart
the liquid component of blood
a disc-shaped cell that has no nucleus, that contains hemoglobin, and that transports oxygen in the circulatory system
red blood cell (RBC)
a type of cell in the blood that destroys pathogens and helps the body develop immunities
white blood cell (WBC)
a fragment of a cell that is needed to form blood clots
the force that blood exerts on the walls of the arteries
the death of heart tissue due to a blockage of their blood supply
a sudden loss of consciousness or paralysis that occurs when the blood flow to the brain is interrupted
the hardening and narrowing of the arteries
the passage from the mouth to the larynx and esophagus
the area of the throat that contains the vocal cords and produces vocal sounds
(a.k.a. voice box)
the tube that connects the larynx to the lungs
one of the two tubes that connect the lungs with the trachea
any of the tiny air sacs of the lungs where oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged
a dome-shaped muscle that is attached to the lower ribs and that functions as the main muscle in respiration
What type of vessel leads away from the heart?
What circuit (or loop) carries blood between the heart and lungs?
Which part of the blood carries oxygen?
red blood cells
What is the top number on the blood pressure reading?
What are the upper chambers of the heart called?
What is also known as the voice box?
What is the liquid part of the blood?
Which muscle is most important for breathing?
What is the #1 cause of death in the United States?
What condition occurs when a blood vessel supplying the brain id blocked?
Which part of the blood helps to stop blood loss?
When a person's blood pressure is above 120/80 they have...
Steps of the respiratory system?
the circulatory system
Steps of the blood flow through the heart and body
Where are nutrients and oxygen exchanged between the blood and tissues?
Which of these disorders is common among smokers?
What wall divides the left ventricle from the right ventricle?
What part of the heart prevents back flow of blood?
What are the air sacs in the lungs?
What can decrease risk for cardiovascular disease?
What is normal blood pressure?
What is a part of inhalation?
-increase chest volume
-external air rushes in
What is part of exhalation?
-decrease volume of chest
-air forced out of lungs
Which is the only artery that contains oxygen-poor blood?
The trachea splits into...
Which part of the blood helps fight infections?
White blood cells
The heart vessels, and blood make up the __ system
which parts of the heart signals the heart to beat?
What part of the heart pumps blood out of the heart?
Smoking increases the risk of ...
vessels which carry blood away from the heart
vessels which carry blood toward the heart
tiny blood vessels with walls that are only one cell thick
thick wall that divides the heart into two sides
upper chambers of the heart that recieve blood
lower chambers of the heart that pump blood out of the heart
valve between right atrium and right ventricle
the only artery in the body rich in carbon dioxide