Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (26):
Ascending reticular activating system (ARAS)
The afferent fibres running through the reticular formation that influence physiological arousal.
Periodic fluctuations in physiological functioning.
A splitting off of mental processes into two separate, simultaneous streams of awareness.
A diverse group of drugs that have powerful effects on mental and emotional functioning, marked most prominently by distortions in sensory and perceptual experience. LSD, mescaline, psilocybin.
A systematic procedure that typically produces a heightened state of suggestibility.
ROLE-PLAYING - people act the way they think hypnotized people are supposed to.
ALTERED STATE OF CONSCIOUSNESS - watch brain activity.
According to Freud, the hidden or disguised meaning of the events in a dream.
Lucid dreams `
Dreams in which people can think clearly about the circumstances of waking life and the fact that they are dreaming, yet they remain asleep in the midst of a vivid dream.
Manifest content `
According to Freud, the plot of a dream at a surface level.`
A compound drug related to both amphetamines and hallucinogens, especially mescaline; commonly called “ecstasy.”`
A family of mental exercises in which a conscious attempt is made to focus attention in a nonanalytical way.
Drugs derived from opium that are capable of relieving pain. Morphine, heroin
Abrupt awakenings from NREM sleep accompanied by intense autonomic arousal and feelings of panic.
Anxiety-arousing dreams that lead to awakening, usually from REM sleep.
Non-REM (NREM) sleep
Sleep stages 1 through 4, which are marked by an absence of rapid eye movements, relatively little dreaming, and varied EEG activity. dreams are not story-like and less vivid.
The condition that exists when a person must continue to take a drug to avoid withdrawal illness.
Chemical substances that modify mental, emotional, or behavioural functioning.
The condition that exists when a person must continue to take a drug in order to satisfy intense mental and emotional craving for the drug.
A deep stage of sleep marked by rapid eye movements, high-frequency brain waves, and dreaming.
Sleep-inducing drugs that tend to decrease central nervous system activation and behavioural activity. barbiturates (seconal) nonbarbituates (quaadlude)
Slow-wave sleep (SWS)
Sleep stages 3 and 4, during which low-frequency delta waves become prominent in EEG recordings.
Arising and wandering about while remaining asleep.
Drugs that tend to increase central nervous system activation and behavioural activity. amphetamines, cocaine.
A progressive decrease in a person’s responsiveness to a drug.
naming something with explaining it. "Frank drinks too much because he is an alcoholic". The term 'alcoholic' is a summary label.
beta - awake
alpha - meditation, drowsy
theta - stage 1 sleep, stage 2 (sleep spindles)
delta - slow-wave sleep stages 3 & 4
REM - low voltage, high frequency (resemble beta)