Chapter 5: Anxiety Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5: Anxiety Disorders Deck (104)
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91

What is serotonin?

A neurotransmitter whose abnormal activity is linked to depression, OCD, and eating disorders

92

What comprises the brain circuit that produces OCD?

-Orbitofrontal cortex
-Caudate nuclei
-Thalamus
-Cingulate cortex
-Amygdala

93

What is the behavioral treatment of OCD?

Exposure with Response Prevention

94

What is the cognitive treatment of OCD?

Habituation training

95

What medications help treat OCD?

Medications that increase serotonin levels (Clomipramine, SSRI's)

96

What is the DSM-V definition of hoarding disorder?

-Strong need to accumulate possession regardless of value
-Persistent difficulty or distress associated w/ discarding them
-Leads to cluttering of the home and associated physical safety and relationships probs
-May feel a sense of emotional security from being surrounded by stuff
-Person may fail to recognize that the hoarding behavior is a problem

97

What is the DSM-V definition for excoriation disorder?

-Compulsive or repetitive picking of skin, resulting in sores
-May involve scratching, picking, rubbing, or digging into the skin
-May be attempt to remove slight skin imperfections or as a coping response to stress or anxiety

98

What is the DSM-V definition of trichotillomania?

-Compulsive or repetitive hair pulling resulting in hair loss
-Hair pulling may involve the scalp, eyebrows, or other parts of the body
-Hair pulling has soothing effects and is used as coping response to stress or anxiety

99

What is the DSM-V definition of body dysmorphic disorder?

-Preoccupation with an imagined or grossly exaggerated bodily defect
-Person believes others think less of him because of this "defect"
-Compulsive checking in mirror, excessive grooming

100

When is the onset of body dysmorphic disorder?

Usually begins during adolescence

101

What is the prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder in the U.S. general and college population?

-General = 2%
-College = 4%

102

What is the gender ratio of body dysmorphic disorder?

1:1

103

What is the etiology of body dysmorphic disorder?

-Family history of anxiety disorders, especially OCD
-Shyness and social phobias
-Cultural emphasis on perfection and beauty

104

What is the treatment for body dysmorphic disorder? What doesn't work

-SSRI meds
-Exposure and response prevention
-Cognitive therapy
-Cosmetic surgery doesn't work