Chapter 6: Clinical aspect of tendons and ligaments (exam 2) Flashcards Preview

Organ histology (Exam 2) > Chapter 6: Clinical aspect of tendons and ligaments (exam 2) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 6: Clinical aspect of tendons and ligaments (exam 2) Deck (17)
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1
Q

Tendinitis is what?

A

inflammation of tendons

2
Q

tendinosis is what

A

pathology of tendons

3
Q

Tendinosis cycle begins when

A

break down exceeds repair

4
Q

what is the tendinosis cycle

A

injury–> rest–> deconditioning–> more injury

5
Q

in an injured tendon or ligament the amount of collage will what

A

decrease

6
Q

proteoglycans and GAG’s will do what in an injured tendon or ligament

A

increases

7
Q

in an injured tendon and ligament what happens to the Type II to type I collagen ration

A

it ill be abnormally high

8
Q

what happens to the fiber structure and arrangement in an injured tendon or ligament

A

disorganized

9
Q

What happens to the number of fibroblasts in injured tendons or ligaments

A

the number of active fibroblasts increases

10
Q

how to tendon cells look different in an injured tendon

A

they are thicker

11
Q

what happens to the vascularity in an injured tendon or ligament?

A

vascularity increases

12
Q

How much inflammation is seen when there is an injured tendon and ligament

A

usually none is seen

13
Q

what happens to the size and shape of mitochondria in tendon cells when there is an injury

A

alter their shape

14
Q

An increase in exercise will increase what?

A

increases collagen fiber numbers and increases strength

15
Q

a decreases in exercise will do what to the collagen fibers and strength

A

it will decreases the number of collagen fibers and decrease the strength

16
Q

Tendons and ligaments will do well into someones 60’s with what?

A

with normal activity levels

17
Q

at 60+ of age we will see a more rapid what?

A

decline in tendon and ligament structure