Chapter 6 (The Americans) 2014 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6 (The Americans) 2014 Deck (30):
1

Invented the typewriter

Christopher Sholes

2

First successfully used a steam engine to remove oil from beneath the earths surface

Edwin L. Drake

3

Ran the American Railway Union and later ran for president several times as a socialist

Eugene V. Debs

4

Scottish immigrant who made a fortune in steel and donated most of his profits

Andrew Carnigie

5

organized coal miners, their wives, and their children to fight for better working conditions

Mary Harris "Mother" Jones

6

created trusts and was criticized as a robber baron while serving as head of the Standard Oil Company

John D. Rockefeller

7

perfected the incandescent lightbulb, created an electrical power system, and organized power plants

Thomas Alva Edison

8

developed a cheap and effective manufacturing process for making steel

Henry Bessemer

9

opened the way for worldwide communications with invention of the telephone

Alexander Graham Bell

10

railroad car mogul who built a town to house his employees

George M. Pullman

11

Which of the following MOST allowed manufacturers to build their factories away from rivers
a. electricity
b. steel beams
c. railroads
d. the telephone

a. electricity

12

Why was Pullman, Illinois, an unusual town?
a. It had one main industry
b. It specialized in a regional product.
c. It owed its prosperity to the railroads
d. It was built by a company to house its workers

d. It was built by a company to house its workers

13

Which of the following did Social Darwinism discourage?
a. hard work
b. industrialization
c. government regulation
d. the accumulation of wealth

c. government regulation

14

In which of the following places did 146 female workers die in a fire?
a. Haymarket Square
b. the Pullmen factory
c. the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory
d. Carnegie Steel's Homestead Plant

c. the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory

15

Why were Scabs unpopular with striking workers during the late 1800's
a. They were socialists
b. They were federal troops
c. They were part of management
d. They were workers used to break strikes.

d. They were workers used to break strikes

16

What made it possible to construct skyscrapers in the 1800.s
a. cheap electric power
b. fire safety standards
c. the invention of the elevator
d. new methods of making steel

d. new methods of making steel

17

What did industrial consolidation and trusts reduce during the late 1800.s?
a. corruption
b. monopolies
c. competition
d. interstate commerce

c. competition

18

Who organized the Industrial Workers of the World?
a. radical unionists and socialists
b. female workers in the dressmaking trade
c. railroad workers both skilled and unskilled
d. African-Americans workers, both skilled and unskilled

a. radical unionists and socialists

19

Which of the following resulted from the investigation of the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory?
a. the imprisonment of company officials
b. the passage of the Sherman act
c. the adoption of equal wages for men and women
d. changes in local labor laws for men and women

d. changes in local labor laws for men and women

20

What was the goal of the Interstate Commerce Act?
a. To build new railroads
b. to destroy the railroad industry
c. to lower excessive railroad rates
d. to increase the power of railroads

c. to lower excessive railroad rates

21

The main purpose of the company known as Credit Mobilier was to
a. build the transcontinental railroad
b. steal the railroad money for its shareholders
c. obtain a monopoly of the railroad industry.
d. obtain political positions for its shareholders

b. steal the railroad money for its shareholders

22

All of the following factors contributed to the immense industrial boom of the early 1900.s EXCEPT
a. a wealth of natural resources
b. government support for business
c. a growing urban population
d. the emergence of the middle class.

d. the emergence of the middle class

23

Andrew Carnegie gained control of a large percentage of the steel industry by doing all of the following EXCEPT
a. buying out his suppliers
b. cutting the quality of his products.
c. buying out his competitors
d. underselling his competitors

b. cutting the quality of his products

24

The Sherman Anti-trust Act
a. outlawed the formation of trusts that interfered with free trade.
b. was supported by millionaire industrialists.
c. was used by labor unions to fight for workers' rights
d. encouraged the establishment of large-scale business

a. outlawed the formation of trusts that interfered with free trade

25

The Great Strike of 1877 took place in the
a. steel industry
b. textile industry
c. railroad industry
d. coal mining industry

c. railroad industry

26

In the late 1800's collective bargaining awasa technique used to
a. expand industry
b. win workers' rights
c. restrict labor unions.
d. organize labor unions.

b. win workers' rights

27

The use of standardized time and time zones was introduced in order to benefit
a. telephone and telegraph operators
b. railroad companies and train travelers.
c. manufacturers who dealt in interstate trade
d. factory owners whose workers had set schedules

b. railroad companies and train travelers

28

Social Darwinism was used to justify all of the following except
a. the existence of poverty
b. the success of big business
c. the power of millionaire industrialists
d. government regulations of business

d. government regulations of business

29

Vertical integration, a business strategy used by steel mogul Andrew Carnegie, involves
a. buying out raw material producers and distributors.
b. merging with companies producing similar products.
c. forming trusts
d. using new methods to increase production

a. buying out raw material producers and distributors

30

The interstate commerce act gave the right to supervise railroad activities to
a. the federal government
b. railroad company officials
c. farmers' groups such as the Grange
d. a select committee of wealthy industrialists

a. the federal government