Chapter 16 (The Americans) 2014 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 16 (The Americans) 2014 Deck (30):
1

Which of the following leaders transformed the Soviet Union from a rural nation into an industrial power
a. Stalin
b. Hitler
c. Lenin
d. Mussolini

a. Stalin

2

What is genocide, as practiced by the Nazis?
a. the broadcasting of anti-Semitic ideas
b. the deliberate extermination of a specific group of people
c. the abuse of a nation's citizens by their own government
d. the killing of people for the purpose of creating terror

b. The deliberate extermination of a specific group of people

3

On what did the German military strategy of "blitzreig" depend
a. a system of fortification
b. "out waiting" the opponent
c. surprise and overwhelming force
d. the ability to make a long, steady advance

c. surprise and overwhelming force

4

When did Britain and France adopt a policy of appeasement toward Germany
a. before the war began
b. when they declared war
c. when the U.S. declared war
d. after France invaded and divided

a. before the war began

5

Which of the following correctly matches the politician with his nation
a. Austria---Joseph Stalin
b. Spain--Francisco Franco
c. Britain---Charles de Gaulle
d. France---Neville Chamberlain

b. Spain---Francisco Franco

6

Which of the following did Winston Churchill oppose
a. the Munich Pact
b. the Atlantic Charter
c. the Lend-Lease Act
d. the Treaty of Versallises

a. the Munich Pact

7

Which group of people suffered 6 million deaths during the Holocaust
a. Nationalists
b. Aryans
c. Facists
d. Jews

d. Jews

8

Which nation(s) signed a nonaggression pact with Germany that led to the invasion and division of Poland
a. Italy
b. Spain
c. Italy and Japan
d. the Soviet Union

d. the Soviet Union

9

In the following policy of appeasement, what did Britain and France do?
a. declared war on Germany
b. submitted to Hitler's demands
c. entered into a formal defense alliance
d. pressured the United States to enter the war

b. submitted to Hitler's demands

10

The actions of which country finally forced the United States to enter the war
a. Italy
b. Japan
c. Germany
d. the Soviet Union

b. Japan

11

Leader who made concessions to Hitler in hopes of ending German aggression

Neville Chamberlain

12

Leader of the fascist government in Italy

Benito Mussolini

13

An issue on which Joseph Stalin and Adolf Hitler did not agree

Private property

14

Country that, with England, declared war on Germany after the German invasion of Poland

France

15

Leader whose political philosophy was based on both nationalism and racism

Adolf Hitler

16

Policy carried out by Germany using a strategy called "Blitzkrieg"

militaristic expansion

17

Country that was split between Germany and the Soviet Union near the beginning of the war

poland

18

Leader who disapproved of the policy of appeasement

Winston Churchill

19

Country that began the war in an alliance with Germany but ended the war fighting against Germany

Soviet Unioin

20

Leader whose totalitarian regime wa based on a communist philosophy

Joseph Stalin

21

At the end of World War I, many new democracies were established in Europe. In the years between the two world wars, what happened to most of these democracies
a.They thrived
b. They became Communist
c. They were torn apart by civil wars
d.They were replaced by dictatorships

d. They were replaced by dictatorships

22

Which of the following did Adolf HItler oppose
a. Kristallnacht
b. the Munich Pact
c. the Nuremberg Laws
d. the Treaty of Versailles

d. the Treaty of Versailles

23

How were Britain and France drawn into war with Germany?
a. Hitler had taken power in Germany
b. Germany had attacked Poland
c. Germany had attacked Czechoslovakia
d. Germany had pulled out of the League of Nations

b. Germany had attacked Poland

24

What happened during the Battle of Britain?
a. Germany joined the Axis Powers
b. Germany engaged in a three-front war
c. Germany bombed Britain for two months
d. Germany entered into a nonaggression pact with Britain

c. Germany bombed Britain for two months

25

Who of what did President Roosevelt describe as "the rattlesnakes of the atlantic"?
a. Axis nations and their leaders
b. U.S. Navy ships and their crews
c. German U-boats and their crews
d. Japanese warplanes and their pilots

c. German U-boats and their crews

26

What caused militarist leaders to gain control of the Japanese government in the early 1930's
a. a civil war in Japan
b. Hideki Tojo's appointment as prime minister
c. U.S. shipments of arms and supplies to China
d. their successful invasion of resource-rich Manchuria

d. their successful invasion of resource-rich Manchuria

27

On which of the following did Joseph Stalin and Benito Mussolini disagree?
a. nationalism
b. ownership of property
c. centralized government
d. militaristic expansionism

b. ownership of property

28

Which of the following matches a nation with another nation that it invaded in the 1930's?
a. Italy-- Finland
b.Germany-- Ethiopia
c. Soviet Union-- Poland
d. Japan-- the United States

c. Soviet Union--Poland

29

Which of the following statements most accurately reflects Roosevelt's feelings toward joining the war?
a. He agreed with the isolationists and promoted an isolationist policy
b. He wanted to help the Allies but had to appease U.S. citizens who opposed entering the war
c. He wanted to avoid the war because he did not see it as a threat to the United States
d. He did not understand the position of isolationists and wa eager to join the war

b. He wanted to help the Allies but had to appease U.S. citizens who opposed entering the war

30

What was the Lend-Lease Act?
a. a statement of war aims compiled by Roosevelt and Churchill
b. a nonaggression pact between Germany and the Soviet Union
c. a policy allowing the president to provide arms to certain foreign countries
d. an order to shoot German U-boats on sight

c. a policy allowing the president to provide arms to certain foreign countries