Chapter 5 (The Americans) 2014 Flashcards Preview

MWHS History 10 Humbert > Chapter 5 (The Americans) 2014 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 5 (The Americans) 2014 Deck (30):
1

Which of the following marked the end of the war between the Federal government and the Plains Indians?
a. the Treaty of Fort Laramie
b. the death of Sitting Bull
c. The Sand Creek Massacre
d. the massacre at Wounded Knee



d. the massacre at Wounded Knee

2

Why did the policy of treating the Great Plains as a huge reservation change?
a, White settlers began wanting the land on the Plains.
b. Native Americans refused to remain on the Plains.
c. Native American populations decreased and needed less land.
d. The Plains failed to meet the needs of Native American peoples.

a. White settlers began wanting the land on the Plains.

3

Which of the following events occurred first?
a. The Treaty of Fort Laramie
b. the death of Sitting Bull
c. the Sand Creek Massacre
d. the massacre at Wounded Knee

c. the Sand Creek Massacre

4

Which was not central to the life and culture of the Plains Indians in the 1800's?
a. the horse
b. the buffalo
c. the extended family
d. land ownership

d. land ownership

5

Who were the exodusters?
a. European immigrants who settled in the great plains.
b. Plains Indians forced onto reservations in the 1800's.
c. former slaves from the south who settled on the great plains.
d. cowboys who worked long drives in the summer and odd jobs in the winter.

c. former slaves from the south who settled on the great plains.

6

Why did little of the free land offered by the Homestead Act end up being claimed by settlers?
a. The land was too difficult to farm.
b. Few settlers wanted to move West at the time.
c. Most of it was taken by people seeking profits.
d. The government put too many restrictions on its use.

c. Most of it was taken by people seeking profits,

7

Which of the following was MOST responsible for bringing an end to the era of the wide-open western frontier?
a. the railroad
b. barbed wire
c. sheep ranching
d. bonanza farming

a. the railroad

8

Why did Plains farmers in the late 1800's tend to support bimetallism?
a. It would put more money in circulation
b. It would make the nation's money supply safer.
c. It would lower the prices of seed and farm machinery.
d. It would allow them to profit from the mineral rights on their land.

a. It would put more money in circulation

9

Which of the following did NOT intensify the debts that Plains farmers had during the late 1800's?
a. inflation
b. falling prices
c. the tight money supply
d. a shrinking supply of farm land

d. a shrinking supply of farm land

10

Which of the following marked the collapse of Populism?
a. the Panic of 1893
b. the founding of the Grange
c. the "Cross of Gold" speech
d. the election of William Mckinley

d. the election of William McKinley

11

Law that allowed white settlers to take much of the land set aside for Native Americans

Dawes Act

12

Plan that sought to abolish Native Americans' traditional cultures

assimilation

13

Allowed the cattle business to flourish by providing a route to a shipping yard in Abilene, Kansas

Chisholm Trail

14

Slaughter of 300 unarmed Native Americans that marked the end of the indian wars in 1890

Battle of wounded knee

15

Offered 160 acres of land free to any head of household

Homestead act

16

Provided warmth but no protection from snakes and insects.

soddy

17

Gave federal land free to the states to help finance agricultural colleges

Morrill Act

18

Started an organization for farmers that came to be known as the Grange

Oliver Hudson Kelley

19

Policy that supporters hoped would place more money in the pockets of ordinary people

bimetallism

20

Populist candidate who lost the presidential election of 1896

William Jennings Bryan

21

The education of Plains Indian children traditionally did NOT include
a. myths
b. examples
c. books
d. games

c. books

22

Most native Americans responded to restrictions placed upon them by the U. S. government by
a. abiding by signed treaties
b. ignoring the restrictions
c. moving from their lands
d. seeking monetary compensation

b. ignoring the restrictions

23

The Dawes act was designed to benefit
a. Native Americans
b. white settlers
c. both Native Americans and white settlers
d. neither Native Americans nor white settlers

b. white settlers

24

The Mexican vaquero influenced the American cowboy in all of the following areas EXCEPT
a. Politics
b. language
c. clothing
d. food

a. politics

25

Demand for beef in the East contributed to
a. the invention of the cowboys way of life.
b. the end of long drives.
c. the development of the Chisholm Trail.
d. the decline of the railroads

c. the development of the Chisholm Trail.

26

Most American cowboys
a. worked eight hours a day.
b. spent a great deal of time fighting Native Americans.
c. owned their own horses
d. used guns to protect their herds

d. used guns to protect their herds

27

The intent of the Homestead act was to
a. prevent African Americans from settling in the West
b. settle Native Americans in farming communities
c. make money for the government
d. encourage white families to develop the West.

a. prevent African Americans from settling in the West

28

The Grange did all of the following EXCEPT
a. support the banks
b. support political candidates
c. oppose the railroads
d. oppose the banks

a. support the banks

29

Bimetallism would allow for the exchange of paper currency for
a. silver only
b. gold only
c. neither gold nor silver
d. either gold or silver

d. either gold or silver

30

William McKinley won the election of 1896 because
a. he campaigned harder than his opponent
b. he had the support of the East and Midwest
c. he delivered the "Cross of Gold" speech
d. he had the backing of the populist party

b. he has the support of the East and Midwest