Chapter 9 (The Americans) 2014 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9 (The Americans) 2014 Deck (30):
1

Reform movement that sought to return control of the government to the people

Progressivism

2

president of the United States who was a former president of Princeton University and governor of New Jersey

Woodrow Wilson

3

an advocate for improving the lives of women and of children

Florence Kelley

4

muckraking journalist who exposed the terrible conditions of the meatpacking industry

Upton Sinclair

5

the movement to protect America's natural resources

conservation

6

the term used to describe the progressive reforms of President Theodore Roosevelt

Square Deal

7

watchdog agency given the power to stop unfair business practices

Federal Trade Commission

8

president whose actions split the Republican party after he angered both progressives and conservationists

William H. Taft

9

a plan that reformed how American banks were organized

Federal Reserve system

10

a leader of the woman suffrage movement

Susan B. Anthony

11

The progressive movement regarded all o;f the following as worthy goals except
a. protecting social welfare
b. promoting business monopolies
c, creating economic reform
d. fostering efficiency in the workplace

b. promoting business welfare

12

Muckrakers were
a. politicians
b. conservationists
c. suffragists
d. journalists

d. journalist

13

A bill that originates form the people rather than legislators is known as
a. a recall
b. an initiative
c. a referendum
d. an amendment

b. an initiative

14

In the mid-1800s, the majority of women who held jobs worked as
a. servants
b. teachers
c. clerks
d. telephone operators

a. servants

15

All of the following were actively involved in securing the right to vote for women EXCEPT
a. Elizabeth Cady Stanton
b. Susan B. Anthony
c. Florence Kelley
s. Carrie Chapman Catt

c. Florence Kelley

16

In "The Jungle", Upton Sinclair exposed
a. dangers faced by coal miners
b. corrupt business practices of the Standard Oil Company
c. unsanitary conditions in the meat- packing industry
d. illegal deals between special interests and the government

c. Unsanitary conditions in the meat-packing industry

17

The first person to use the presidency as a "bully pulpit" was
a. William H. Taft
b. Theodore Roosevelt
c. Woodrow wilson
d. William McKinley

b. Theodore Roosevelt

18

The law that required truthful labels was the
a. Pure Food and Drug Act
b. Meat Inspection Act
c. Sherman Antitrust Act
d. Interstate Commerce Act

a. Pure Food and Drug Act

19

The primary goal of the NAACP was
a. voting rights for women
b. better working conditions
c, regulation of the banking industry
d. equality among the reces

d. equality among the races

20

In the election of 1912, the candidate considered least pleasing to reformers was
a. Eugene V Debs
b. Theodore
c. William H. Taft
d. Woodrow Wilson

c. William H. Taft

21

Which of the following was NOT a result of the introduction of the assembly line?
a. higher worker turnover
b. reduced hours of the workday
c. decreased productivity
d. higher wages

c. decreased productivity

22

Who gained the most from the ratification of the Seventeenth Amendment
a. party bosses
b. ordinary citizens
c. state legislators
d. industrial leaders

b. ordinary citizens

23

Which of the following best states the primary goal of prohibitionists?
a. to eliminate the sale of alcohol to minors
b. to eliminate the use of alcohol in society
c. to reduce accidents in the workplace
d. to reduce the availability of alcohol to minors

b. to eliminate the use of alcohol in society

24

Why were early progressive attempts to enact federal bans on child labor unsuccessful?
a. The bans had little public support
b. Labor Unions fought the legislation
c. Factory owners simply ignored the laws
d. The Supreme Court ruled such bans unconstitutional

d. The Supreme Court ruled such bans unconstitutional

25

Which strategy was NOT employed by women suffragists to obtain their goal
a. They called for female workers to strike
b. They advocated a constitutional amendment
c. They tested the Fourteenth Amendment in court
d. They convinced state legislatures to grant women the right to vote

a. They called for female workers to strike

26

Which statement best characterizes Roosevelt's positions on trust.
a. Some trusts were harmful to the public interest
b. All trusts should be busted
c. Trusts were of benefit to the public interest
d. Trusts were legal and could not be abolished

a. Some trusts were harmful to the public interest

27

Which statement best characterizes the position of Gifford Pinchot toward land conservation
a. Unrestricted development was acceptable
b. a multi-use land program was possible
c. Further privatization should be prohibited
d. Conservation should not interfere with industrial expansion

b. A multi-use land program was possible

28

Which of the following actions led to the defeat of Taft in 1912?
a. his overuse of the bully pulpit
b. to failure to continue the trustbusting of Roosevelt
c. his refusal to sign the Payne-Aldrich Tariff
d. his failure to unify the Republican Party

d. his failure to unify the Republican Party

29

What was the primary motivation for passage of the Sixteenth Amendment?
a. to curb the power of corporations
b. to replace revenue lost by enacting lower tariffs
c. to reduce the gap between rich and poor
d. to create a war chest to pay for future wars

b. to replace revenue lost by enacting lower tariffs

30

What effect did WWI have on the suffragist movement
a. It delayed action as attention turned to the war effort
b. It had little effect
c. It caused a split within the NAWSA
c. It hastened passage and ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment

d. It hastened passage and ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment