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Flashcards in UNIT II - Review questions Deck (21):
1

What term describes the act of dividing people into groups

SEGREGATION means to separate people into groups like race and religion.

2

Name 3 new businesses that sprang up around the new highway system.

Car Service, Gas Station, Motels, Fast Food

3

What commission did President Truman form to study racism in the United States?

The President formed the PRESIDENTS COMMISSION ON CIVIL RIGHTS to study racism.

4

What was the name for President Truman's domestic programs?

The NEW DEAL was the name of the program for President Truman's domestic programs.

5

What was the name of the speech that Senator Richard Nixon gave to "explain" why he accepted improper gifts?

The CHECKERS SPEECH - named after the dog that Nixon was given for his children.

6

What bureau of the Federal Government worked to move Native Americans to urban cities?

The BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS was the name of the group that worked to relocate Native American's to urban cities.

7

What were 3 parts of the GI Bill of Rights?

Unemployment payments for 1 year
Education at a Trade School or University
Low Interest loans for homes or businesses.

8

What is the book "The Organization Man" about? Who is the author?

William H. Whyte authored this book about how new large businesses were creating a new culture of business people - willing to look and act the same to make $$$.

9

Which Federal act tried to help Indian people move towards self-sufficiency (being able to help themselves and retain their own culture)?

The INDIAN REORGANIZATION ACT.

10

By 1959, what did most families own that brought "POPULAR" culture into their homes?

The TV brought new programs into the home. The often portrayed an idealistic, false picture of American family life.

11

Who are the BABY BOOMERS?

The Baby Boomers are the generation of people born after WWII until 1964.

12

What is CONSUMERISM?

Consumerism is the name for people buying more and more stuff to "use". Most of this we don't need. Do you really need 22 pairs of socks? 100 iTunes songs? 17 XBOX games?

13

This organization helped people buy houses and gave $$ to cities to help rebuild older homes. What is it?

The organization is HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT - HUD. It was designed to help revitalize cities.

14

What is the name of the book that spoke of "physically invisible" and "politically invisible" people living in poverty?

The name of the book is "THE OTHER AMERICA".

15

Where did most people buying homes in the 1950's live - the city or the suburbs?

Most people buying homes in the 1950's were moving to the SUBURBS. One popular development was LEVITTOWN where all the houses looked nearly the same.

16

What is PLANNED OBSOLESCENCE?

Planned obsolescence is the idea of manufacturing items with the idea that they will fail to work after a certain amount of time. A clothes dryer used to last 20+ years. Clothes dryers are now built do die in 5-8 years so that people need to buy new ones.

17

What is the name of the movement that REBELLED against all of CONFORMITY (we are all the same) of the 1950s?

The BEAT MOVEMENT rebelled against conformity. Think of it as the "marched to the beat of a different drummer".

18

Which act of government created our modern highway system in America?

The INTERSTATE HIGHWAY ACT created our highway system.

19

What is WHITE FLIGHT?

This term is used to describe the massive movement of white people from the cities to the suburbs in the 1950s.

20

Name 5 leisure activities that became popular in the 1950s.

Baseball, Fishing, Movies, Comic Books, Cooking Books. These became popular because people had so much more time off of work.

21

What does FCC stand for?

FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION - the group responsible for monitoring TV and Radio. They police the airwaves to make sure that the programming is "appropriate" and does not violate Federal laws.