Chapter 6 Urinary Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Urinary Deck (10)
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1

both kidneys are malrotated, and their lower poles are joined by a band of normal renal parenchyma (isthmus) or connective tissue

horseshoe kidney

2

cystic dilatation of the distal ureter near its insertion into the bladder.

ureterocele

3

nonsuppurative inflammatory process involving the tufts of capillaries (glomeruli) that filter the blood within the kidney

glomerulonephritis

4

suppurative inflammation of the kidney and renal pelvis caused by pyogenic (pus-forming) bacteria

pyelonephritis

5

severe form of acute parenchymal and perirenal infection with gas-forming bacteria that occurs virtually only in diabetic patients and causes an acute necrosis of the entire kidney.

emphysematous phyelonephritis

6

destructive process involving a varying amount of the medullary papillae and the terminal portion of the renal pyramids.

papillary necrosis

7

Inflammation of the urinary bladder is more common in women because the urethra is shorter

cystitis

8

inherited disorder in which multiple cysts of varying size cause lobulated enlargement of the kidneys and progressive renal impairment, which presumably results from cystic compression of nephrons, which in turn causes localized intrarenal obstruction

polycystic kidney disease

9

most common abdominal neoplasm of infancy and childhood.

wilms tumor

10

rapid deterioration in kidney function that is sufficient to result in the accumulation of nitrogen-containing wastes in the blood and a characteristic odor of urine-like or “fishy” breath.

acute renal failure