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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (18):

Judiciary Act of 1789

A law passed by the first Congress to establish the federal court system.


Jay’s Treaty

1794- British and us agreed- British trade w/ Americans and the british leave northwest territory


Whiskey Rebellion

- farmers in Pennsylvania rebelled against Hamilton's excise tax on whiskey; the army, led by Washington, put down the rebellion; showed that the new government under the Constitution could react swiftly and effectively to such a problem


XYZ affair

1798 - A commission had been sent to France in 1797 to discuss the disputes that had arisen out of the U.S.'s refusal to honor the Franco-American Treaty of 1778. President Adams had also criticized the French Revolution, so France began to break off relations with the U.S. Adams sent delegates to meet with French foreign minister Talleyrand in the hopes of working things out. Talleyrand's three agents told the American delegates that they could meet with Talleyrand only in exchange for a very large bribe. The Americans did not pay the bribe, and in 1798 Adams made the incident public, substituting the letters "X, Y and Z" for the names of the three French agents in his report to Congress.



Undeclared war fought entirely at sea between the United States and France from 1798 to 1800. The French began to seize American ships trading with their British enemies and refused to receive a new United States minister when he arrived in Paris in December 1796.


Alien and Sedition Acts

1798) laws passed by a Federalist-dominated Congress aimed at protecting the government from treasonous ideas, actions, and people


Election of 1800

Jefferson and Burr each received 73 votes in the Electoral College, so the House of Representatives had to decide the outcome. The House chose Jefferson as President and Burr as Vice President.


Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions

Written anonymously by Jefferson and Madison in response to the Alien and Sedition Acts, they declared that states could nullify federal laws that the states considered unconstitutional.


Bank of the United States

a national bank funded by the federal government and wealthy investors


Treaty of Greenville

Gave America all of Ohio after General Mad Anthony Wayne battled and defeated the Indians at the Battle of Fallen Timbers. 1795 Allowed Americans to explore the area with peace of mind that the land belonged to America and added size and very fertile land to America.


Treaty of San Lorenzo

This 1795 treaty with Spain is also known as Pinckney's Treaty. It gave the US unrestricted access to the Mississippi River and established the border between the US and Spanish Florida.


James Madison

1808 and 1812; Democratic-Republican; notable events include the War of 1812, let the charter of the First Bank of the United States expire, but realized it was difficult to finance a war without the bank, so he chartered the 2nd Bank of the United States


John Marshall

American jurist and politician who served as the chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1801-1835) and helped establish the practice of judicial review.


Charles C. Pinckney

He was from South Carolina and was an advocate for slavery. He was an attendee of the constitutoional convention


Phillip Freaneau

National Gazette; Anti-Federalist


Matthew Lyon

The man sent to jail for four months for writing of President Adams' "unbounded thirst for ridiculous pomp, foolish adulation, and selfish avarice."


Proclamation of Neutrality

A formal announcement issued by President George Washington on April 22, 1793, declaring the United States a neutral nation in the conflict between Great Britain and France.


Convention of Mortefontaine

What was the treaty made that ended the quasi war with France? What were the terms of it?