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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (17):
1

Nathaniel Bacon

a planter who led a rebellion with one thousand other Virginians in 1676; the rebels were mostly frontiersmen forced toward the backcountry in search of fertile land

2

Increase Mather

This prominent New England clergyman helped bring the Salem witchcraft trials to a close.

3

Edmund Andros

He was the royal governor of the Dominion of New England. Colonists resented his enforcement of the Navigation Acts and the attempt to abolish the colonial assembly.

4

Jacob Leisler

German immigrant who became governor of New York from 1688 to 1691 before being hanged for treason. He was later exonerated of all charges.

5

John Coode

He was the governor of Maryland, and is best known for leading a rebellion that overthrew Maryland's colonial government in 1689. He gathered an army, captured the proprietary governor, and then took grievances to authorities in England

6

Sumptuary Law

laws that attempt to regulate habits of consumption

7

Navigation Act

1650 laws that required among other things that all goods to and from the colonies be transported on British ships

8

Staple Act

required everything that the colonies imported to come through England first.

9

Plantation Duty

was a law requiring money collected in colonial ports to be equal to english customs durties (it was part of the navigation acts)

10

Half-Way Covenant

A Puritan church document; In 1662, it allowed partial membership rights to persons not yet converted into the Puritan church; It lessened the difference between the "elect" members of the church from the regular members; Women soon made up a larger portion of Puritan congregations.

11

Mercantilism

An economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought

12

chattel

an item of personal, movable property; slave

13

Salem Witchcraft Trials

trials in Salem Massachusetts in 1691, that led to the deaths of twenty people after young girls charged people with practicing witchcraft.

14

Enumerated goods

goods that were allowed to be exported had to stop in England for a tax before continuing on

15

Bacon’s Rebellion

An article of personal property as distinguished from real property

16

indentured servitude

person who agreed to work for a colonial employer for a specified time in exchange for passage to america.

17

Glorious Revolution

A reference to the political events of 1688-1689, when James II abdicated his throne and was replaced by his daughter Mary and her husband, Prince William of Orange.