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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (19):

Middle Ground

Area of the French + Indian cooperation West of Niagra and south of the Great Lakes. Over which no one exercised sovereign power


Great Awakening

Religious revival in the American colonies of the eighteenth century during which a number of new Protestant churches were established.


Balanced Constitution

The present-day United States's checks and balances system derives from the balanced (or mixed) constitutional system of Great Britain, wherein the king, nobility, and common people are all ostensibly represented in a self-checking governing system consisting of the monarch, House of Lords, and House of Commons.


For Duquesne

A much larger force of French soldiers and Indian warriors were waiting at the Forks of the Ohio River at a fort named..


King George’s War

1744 and 1748. England and Spain were in conflict with French. New England captured French Bastion at Louisburg on Cape Brenton Island. Had to abandon it once peace treaty ended conflict.


Albany Plan

plan proposed by Benjamin Franklin in 1754 that aimed to unite the 13 colonies for trade, military, and other purposes; the plan was turned down by the colonies and the Crown


Peace of Paris

This ended the Seven Years War/French and Indian war between Britain and her allies and France and her allies. The result was the acquisition of all land east of the Mississippi plus Canada for Britain, and the removal of the French from mainland North America.


Cato’s Letters

written by John Trenchard and Thomas Gordon, they were a series of essays condemning corruption within the British political system.


Independent Reflector

New York weekly journal that actively supported civil and religious virtues and freedom


New England Courant

1721: established tradition of running stories that interested ordinary readers instead of printing articles that appealed primarily to business and colonial leaders


The Spectator

First periodical in England; imitated by Benjamin Franklin in America with "Poor Richard's Almanac".


natural laws

Laws that govern human nature



group of male citizens that voted on laws and elected officals, some voted on war, others served as courts, elected 10 tribunes


George Whitefield

Credited with starting the Great Awakening, also a leader of the "New Lights."


Johnathan Edwards

Helped start great awakening and wrote sinners in the hands of an angry god


Gilbert Tennent

An American theologian and congregational clergyman whose sermons stirred the religious revival (Great Awakening); known for sinners in the hands of an angry god sermon.


James Davenport

Man who preached for 24 hours to try to wear down resistance to the Great Awakening


Juan de Onate

Spanish explorer and conquistador. He claimed New Mexico for Spain in 1598 and served as its governor until 1607.



A colonial region that ran along the Appalachian Mountains.