Chapter 13 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13 Deck (22):
1

young america

the confident, manifest destiny spirit of the Americans in the 1840's and 50's. Expansionists began to think about transmitting the dynamic, democratic spirit of the US to other countries by aiding revolutionaries, opening up new markets, and annexing foreign lands

2

stephen f austin

Known as the Father of Texas, led the second and ultimately successful colonization of the region by bringing 300 families from the United States.

3

oregon trail

2000 mile long path along which thousands of Americans journeyed to the Willamette Valley in the 1840's.

4

joseph smith

Founded Mormonism in New York in 1830 with the guidance of an angel. 1843, Smith's announcement that God sanctioned polygamy split the Mormons and let to an uprising against Mormons in 1844; translated the Book of Mormon and died a martyr.

5

john tyler

elected Vice President and became the 10th President of the United States when Harrison died (1790-1862)

6

james k polk

president in March 1845. wanted to settle oregon boundary dispute with britain. wanted to aquire California. wanted to incorperate Texas into union.

7

manifest destiny

A notion held by a nineteenth-century Americans that the United States was destined to rule the continent, from the Atlantic the Pacific

8

fifty four or fight

slogan used in the 1844 presidential election as a call for us annexation of the oregon territory

9

zachary taylor

(1849-1850), Whig president who was a Southern slave holder, and war hero (Mexican-American War). Won the 1848 election. Surprisingly did not address the issue of slavery at all on his platform. He died during his term and his Vice President was Millard Fillmore.

10

treaty of guadalupe hidalgo

(1848) treaty signed by the U.S. and Mexico that officially ended the Mexican-American War; Mexico had to give up much of its northern territory to the U.S (Mexican Cession); in exchange the U.S. gave Mexico $15 million and said that Mexicans living in the lands of the Mexican Cession would be protected

11

john slidell

A diplomat sent by Polk to buy California, New Mexico, and Texas from the Mexicans. Mexico rejected his offer and Polk sent Taylor's army into Mexico

12

john c fremont

an American military officer, explorer, the first candidate of the Republican Party for the office of President of the United States, and the first presidential candidate of a major party to run on a platform in opposition to slavery.

13

stephen kearny

American general in war with Mexico, he captured Santa Fe without fireing a shot

14

winfield scott

Old Fuss and Feathers," whose conquest of Mexico City brought U.S. victory in the Mexican War

15

samuel fb morse

invented telegraph morse code can send messages to distent places

16

elias howe

American inventor whose sewing machine helped revolutionize garment manufacture in the factory and in the home.

17

charles goodyear

An American inventor discovered in 1839 by mixing sulfur and rubber in a process called vulcanizing, he could "cure" rubber and make it more elastic and usable.

18

cyrus McCormick

1809–1884) was an American inventor and founder of the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company, which became part of International Harvester Company in 1902.

19

john deare

Who invented the steel tipped plow and helped America settle the Great Plains?

20

sam houston

Commander of the Texas army at the battle of San Jacinto; later elected president of the Republic of Texas

21

brigham young

A Mormon leader who urged the Mormons to move farther west. They settled at the edge of the lonely desert near the Great Salt Lake.

22

santa anna

Mexican general who tried to crush the Texas revolt and who lost battles to Winfield Scott and Zachary Taylor in the Mexican War (1795-1876)