Chapter 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (26):
1

George III

Became King of England in 1760, and reigned during the American Revolution.

2

Earl of Bute

replaced Pitt who departed after quarrel with George III over policy; was responsible for peace settlements

3

Pontiac

1763 - An Indian uprising after the French and Indian War, led by an Ottowa chief named Pontiac. They opposed British expansion into the western Ohio Valley and began destroying British forts in the area. The attacks ended when Pontiac was killed.

4

Patrick Henry

"Give me liberty or give me death"

5

Lord Rockingham

Replaced Grenville; repealed the Stamp Act and had the Sugar Act further reduced; had Parliament pass the declaratory act

6

Samuel Adams

American Revolutionary leader and patriot, Founder of the Sons of Liberty and one of the most vocal patriots for independence; signed the Declaration of Independence

7

First Continental Congress

Delagates from all colonies except georgia met to discuss problems with britain and to promote independence

8

Continental Congress (1775) Trenton

meeting of reps in Philadelphia to denounce Intolerable Acts and petition British Parliament. Discussed breaking from England

9

Saratoga

A battle that took place in New York where the Continental Army defeated the British. It proved to be the turning point of the war. This battle ultimately had France to openly support the colonies with military forces in addition to the supplies and money already being sent.

10

Charleston

1690 - The first permanent settlement in the Carolinas, named in honor of King Charles II. Much of the population were Huguenot (French Protestant) refugees.

11

King’s Mountain

This battle was a victory for the Americans and a turning point battle of the Revolutionary War in the South

12

Yorktown

1781; last battle of the revolution; Benedict Arnold, Cornwallis and Washington; colonists won because British were surrounded and they surrended

13

Revenue Act of 1764

Grenville-you can trade openly if you pay a tax, tax was aimed @ raising revenue for parliament, taxation without representation

14

Stamp Act

1765; law that taxed printed goods, including: playing cards, documents, newspapers, etc.

15

Declaratory Act

Act passed in 1766 just after the repeal of the Stamp Act. Stated that Parliament could legislate for the colonies in all cases.

16

Townshend Revenue Act

Passed by Parliament in 1767, this act imposed import duties on tea, paper, glass, red and white lead, and painter's colors. It provoked the imperial crisis of 1767-1770. In 1770 Parliament repealed all of the duties except the one on tea.

17

boycotts

People refuse to buy a company's product until the company meets demands.

18

Virgina Resolves

Formal statements of the House of Burgesses protesting the Stamp Act in 1765

19

East India Company

An English company formed in 1600 to develop trade with the new British colonies in India and southeastern Asia

20

Quebec Act

Extended boundaries of Quebec and granted equal rights to Catholics and recognized legality Catholic Church in the territory; colonists feared this meant that a pope would soon oversee the colonies.

21

Lexington/COncord

the first battle of the American Revolution (April 19, 1775)

22

minutemen

A group of armed men who fought in the Revolutionary War

23

Prohibitory Act

Cut off all trade between the colonies and England AND removed the colonies from the "King's Protection"

24

Ben Franklin

A delegate from Pennsylvania and proposed the "Albany Plan of the Union" as a way to strengthen colonies.

25

John Adams

second president of the united states

26

John Jay

1st Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, negotiated with British for Washington