Chapter 15 Flashcards Preview

AP US History > Chapter 15 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 15 Deck (18):
1

confederate states of america

South Carolina, Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, and Georgia voted to create ______ with _____ as their president.

2

crittenden plan

1860 compromise proposal on the slavery issue designed to defuse tension between North and South; would have allowed slavery to continue in the South and would have denied Congress the power to regulate interstate slave trade; Republicans in Congress voted against it.

3

fort sumter

Federal fort in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina; the confederate attack on the fort marked the start of the Civil War

4

total war

A war that involves the complete mobilization of resources and people, affecting the lives of all citizens in the warring countries, even those remote from the battlefields.

5

jefferson davis

An American statesman and politician who served as President of the Confederate States of America for its entire history from 1861 to 1865

6

george mcclellan

He was a Union general that was in charge during the beginning of the war. He defeated Lee, at Antietam, securing a much needed Union victory.

7

robert e lee

Confederate general who had opposed secession but did not believe the Union should be held together by force

8

king cotton diplomacy

the South's political strategy during the Civil War; it depended upon British and French dependency on southern cotton to the extent that those two countries would help the South break the blockade

9

emancipation proclamation

Issued by abraham lincoln on september 22, 1862 it declared that all slaves in the confederate states would be free

10

anaconda policy

northern strategy to win war. planned on 'squeezing' the south like an anaconda squeezes its prey, naval blockade and capture of Mississippi corridor

11

ulysses s grant

an American general and the eighteenth President of the United States (1869-1877). He achieved international fame as the leading Union general in the American Civil War.

12

virginia

Large state" proposal for the new constitution, calling for proportional representation in both houses of a bicameral Congress. The plan favored larger states and thus prompted smaller states to come back with their own plan for apportioning representation.

13

merrimack

Abandoned Union warship salvaged by the Confederacy. Enforced with iron plates to become an ironclad ship. Renamed "Virginia"

14

monitor

An iron-clad vessel built by Federal forces to do battle with the Merrimac

15

alabama

British built Confederate commerce raider responsible for capturing over 60 vessels

16

antietam

A battle near a sluggish little creek, it proved to be the bloodiest single day battle in American History with over 26,000 lives lost in that single day.

17

vicksburg

Grant besieged the city from May 18 to July 4, 1863, until it surrendered, yielding command of the Mississippi River to the Union.

18

gettysburg

1863 (meade and lee), July 1-3, 1863, turning point in war, Union victory, most deadly battle