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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (20):
1

State constitutions

During the war, most states had their own const. to spell out the rights of citizens and set limits on the gvns. power.

2

Articles of Confederation

1st Constitution of the U.S. 1781-1788 (weaknesses-no executive, no judicial, no power to tax, no power to regulate trade)

3

Land Ordinance of 1785

A law that divided much of the United States into a system of townships to facilitate the sale of land to settlers.

4

The Federalist #10

In this essay, James Madison recognized that reconciling the competing interests of various groups was what legislation was all about

5

Shays’ Rebellion

1786 revolt by Massachusetts farmers seeking relief from debt and foreclosure that was a factor in the calling of the Constitutional Convention.

6

Virginia Plan

"Large state" proposal for the new constitution, calling for proportional representation in both houses of a bicameral Congress. The plan favored larger states and thus prompted smaller states to come back with their own plan for apportioning representation.

7

New Jersey Plan

A constitutional proposal that would have given each state one vote in a new congress

8

Anti-federalists

At the time of the Con, they argued that the Con was a class based document, would erode fundamental liberties and weaken the states.

9

Bill of Rights

1689, no law can be suspended by the king; no taxes raised; no army maintained except by parliamentary consent. Established after The Glorious Revolution.

10

Thomas Jefferson

was an American Founding Father, the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776) and the third President of the United States

11

Robert Morris

an American merchant and a signer to the United States Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, and the United States Constitution. Significance: He played an important role in personally financing the American side in the Revolutionary War from 1781 to 1784. Hence, he came to be known as the 'Financier of the Revolution'.

12

John Jay

1st Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, negotiated with British for Washington

13

George Washington

was the first President of the United States (1789–1797), the commander-in-chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.

14

James Madison

"Father of the Constitution"

15

Patrick Henry

"Give me liberty, or give me death!"

16

William Paterson

Author of the new jersey plan

17

Benjamin Franklin

American enlightenment figure who was a scientist and inventor

18

Gouverneur Morris

United States statesman who led the committee that produced the final draft of the United States Constitution (1752-1816)

19

Montesquieu

1689-1755) wrote 'Spirit of the Laws', said that no single set of political laws was applicable to all - depended on relationship and variables, supported division of government

20

Northwest Ordinance of 1787

Federal order that divided the Northwest Territory into smaller territories and created a plan for how the territories could become states.