Chapter 7 - Protective Gear and Sports Equipment Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7 - Protective Gear and Sports Equipment Deck (53):
1

tort

injured athlete must show that the athletic trainer was negligent in their decision to alter a piece of equipment and that negligence resulted in injury

2

NOCSAE

national operating committee on standards for athlete equipment

established voluntary test standards to reduce head injuries by establishing minimum safety requirements for helmets and face masks

3

how often does NOCSAE recommend recondition and rectifying?

every 2 years if no warranty

a re-conditioned/re-certified helmet can meet standards for many seasons

4

all helmets have

NOCSAE certification - outside warning label

player must read aloud and sign form

5

ice hockey helmets certified by

CSA (Canadian standards association)
or
Hockey Equipment Certification National

6

Glasses and athletes

polycarbonate lenses - unbreakable

hardened glass lenses

Photochromic lenses (tinted)

7

football shoulder pads

cantilevered: bulkier (blocking and tackling); front and rear panels have been extended

noncantilevered - less restrictive in shoulder motion (quarterback and receiver)

8

toe box

1/2 -3/4 inch distance between longest toe and front of shoe

9

sole (layers)

3 layers (spongy, midsole, hard rubber layer)


spongy - shock absorption (under the heel)
midsole - cushions mid foot to toes
hard rubber layer - makes contact with the ground

10

sole w/ flared heel

appropiate for running shoes, not recommended in aerobic or court shoes

11

heel counters

prevents heel from rolling side to side at heel strike

a firm but well fitted heel counter may prevent ankle sprains and painful blisters

12

shoe uppers

combo of nylon and leather
lightweight
quick drying, well ventilated

extra support in saddle area and achilles tendon area, above heel counter

13

arch support

durable yet soft supportive material and should smoothly join with insole

14

price

extra investment is worth the better performance and prevention of injury

15

cleats

no longer than 1/2 inch

specific shoes only worn on turf

cleats placed under 2 major weight bearing joints

16

foot orthotics

plastic, thermoplastic, rubber, sorb ethane, or leather support placed in the shoe to replace existing insole

17

heel cups

used for plantar fasciitis, heel spurs, achilles tendonitis, heel bursitis,

made of hard plastic or spongy rubber

compress fat pad under heel, more cushioning

18

protective knee braces

used prophylactically to prevent injuries to MCL in contact sports

19

rehabilitative knee braces

used following surgery to allow for controlled progressive immobilization (hinges)

20

functional knee braces

worn during and following rehab period to provide support during functional activities

21

neoprene braces with medial/lateral supports

athletes who have injured collateral ligaments and want support

22

neoprene sleeves

provide some support for patellofemoral conditions

23

guaze padding

less versatile than other padding; varied thickness.
used as an absorbent or a makeshift padding

24

cotton

cheapest and most widely used; absorbs, holds emollients, offers a mild padding effect

25

adhesive felt (moleskin)

cushioning and sturdy, very versatile, useful on all body parts

26

felt

matted wool fibers pressed into carrying thickness; comfortable and semi resilient. gives firmer pressure, absorbs sweat and clings to skin.
less tendency to move, should be replaced daily

27

foams

different thickness and density

resilient, nonabsorbent, protects against compressive forces

closed celled preferred because it rebounds

some are thermomodable

28

sorbothane

new class of foams . high-energy absorbing quality
is heavier. generally used in inner soles of shoes, prevents blisters and absorbs ground reaction forces

29

Nonyielding materials

thermomoldable plastics
-heat forming plastics
-heat-setting plastics
-heat-plastic foams

casting materials, making protective splints or shells

30

heat forming plastics

heat to 140-180 plastic can be accurately molded to body part (Aquaplast or Orthoplast)

31

heat-setting plastic

higher temps for shaping, rigid and more difficult to form. requires a mold
Kydex and Nyloplex

32

heat-plastic forms

used as shoe inserts and other padding.
aloplast, plastazote

33

casting materials

fiberglass. uses retina nd catalytic converter plus water to produce hardening

effective shells for splints and protective padding

34

adhesives

many cements and glues join plastic to plastic or join other combinations of materials

35

adhesive tape

major tool in holding various materials in place; linen and elastic tape can hold pads to a rigid backing or to adhesive felt. protect against sharp edges

36

customized hard shell pads

thermomoldable plastic sheet, scissors, felt material

37

dynamic splint

provide long-duration tension on a healing structure so it can return to normal function.

use thermoplastic, velcro, rubber elastic to provide dynamic assistance

38

fitting a helmet

no damages, cracks, dents, check for certification, check for all pieces in place
determine what size - tape measure
wet their head - simulates sweat
snug fit, make sure the helmet doesn't move,
ear holes line up,
everything covered - forehead, chin, back of head, ears
no gaps between padding and skin
3 fingers in between mask and face
no twisting, can see, etc

39

fitting shoulder pads

epilet pads - covers deltoid
AC joint to Ac joint for measuring across the back
shoulder range of motion - pads shouldn't shift
buckled up, all the pieces there, etc etc

40

heel wedges

used to correct structural deformities

41

shank

between heel and metatarsals, support weight of wearer

42

last (3 types)

straight, curved, semi-curved

43

straight last

filled on the medial side
for those with flat arch or pronators

44

semi curved last

normal foot, small curve on medial side to fit normal arch

45

curved last

provide forefoot stability

for those with high arch, or supinators

46

soft materials examples

foams,, felt, adhesive felt, gauze padding,

47

closed cell foams

rebound to original shape quickly,

48

to correct forefoot varus (foot excessively pronates)

rigid orthotic, medial wedge under head of the first metatarsal. small wedge under medial calcaneus

49

to correct structural forefoot valgus (foot excessively supinates)

semirigid orthotic, lateral wedge under head of the 5th metatarsal and small wedge under lateral calcaneus

50

to correct structural rearfoot varus

the orthotic should be semirigid and have a wedge under the medial calcaneus and small wedge under the head of the first metatarsal

51

soft orthotics

wildly available for overuse syndromes

52

semirigid orthotics

made of flexible thermoplastics, rubber and leather.
molded from a neutral cast, made for those with increased symptoms

53

rigid orthotics

functional orthotics
hard plastic, require neutral casting,

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