Chapter 8 Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

MGMT Exam #4 > Chapter 8 Vocabulary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 8 Vocabulary Deck (29):
1

A system of shared beliefs and values guiding behavior

Organizational culture

2

Clear, well defined, and widely shared among organization members

Strong cultures

3

The process through which new members learn the culture of a team or organization

Socialization

4

What you see and hear when walking around an organization

Observable culture

5

Found in the underlying values of the organization

Core culture

6

Beliefs and values shared by organization members

Core values

7

Actively develops, communicates, and enacts shared values

Value-based management

8

Involves practices that create meaning and shared community among organizational members

Workplace spirituality

9

The process of developing new ideas and putting them into practice

Innovation

10

Result in better ways of doing things

Process innovations

11

Result in new or improved goods or services

Product innovations

12

Result in ways for firms to make money

Business model innovations

13

Reduces the carbon footprint of an organization or its products

Green innovation
Sustainable innovation

14

Business innovation driven by a social conscience

Social innovation

15

Pursue innovative ways to solve pressing social problems

Social entrepreneurs

16

The process of turning new ideas into applications that generate profits

Commercializing innovation

17

Recognizes the potential for valuable innovations to be launched from lower organizational levels and diverse locations, including emerging markets

Reverse innovation

18

Creates products or services that become so widely used that they largely replace prior practices and competitors

Disruptive innovation

19

Are special creative units set free from the normal structure for the purpose of innovation

Skunkworks

20

Tries to change the behavior of another person or social system

Change leader

21

Results in a major and comprehensive redirection of the organization

Transformational change

22

Bends and adjusts existing ways to improve performance

Incremental change

23

The phase during which a situation is prepared for change

Unfreezing

24

The phase where a planned change actually takes place

Changing

25

The phase at which change is stabilized

Refreezing

26

Makes continual adjustments as changes are being implemented

Improvisational change

27

Strategy pursues change through formal authority and/or the use of rewards or punishments

Force-coercion

28

Pursues change through empirical data and rational argument

Rational persuasion strategy

29

Pursues change by participation in assessing change needs, values, and goals

Shared power strategy