Chapter 9 Part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Part 2 Deck (25):
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Iconic Memory

A momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli; a photographic of picture-image memory lasting no more than a few tenths of a second

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Echoic Memory

A momentary sensory memory of auditory stimuli; if attention is elsewhere, sounds and words can still be recalled within 3 or 4 seconds

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George Miller

Enshrined this recall capacity as the magical number 7, plus or minus 2

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Long-term Potential (LTP)

An increase in a synapse's firing potential after brief, rapid stimulation. Believed to be a neural basis for learning and memory.

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Amnesia

Loss of memory

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Implicit Memory

(Procedural memory) memory of learned skills that does not require conscious recollection (skills, habits, classical conditioning, processed in cerebellum)

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Explicit Memory

(Declarative memory) memory of facts and experiences that one can consciously know and "declare" (processed in hippocampus)

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Hippocampus

A neural center that is located in the limbic system and helps process explicit memories for storage

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Cerebellum

"Little brain" - receives information from the sensory system, spinal cord, and other parts of the brain

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Recognition

A measure of memory in which the person need only identify items previously learned, as in a multiple choice test

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Recall

A measure of memory in which the person must retrieve information learned earlier, as on a fill-in-the-blank test

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Relearning

A memory measure that assesses the amount of time saved when learning material a second time

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Priming

The activation, often unconsciously, of particular associations in memory

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Deja Vu

That eerie sense that "I've already experienced this before," cues from the current situation may subconsciously trigger retrieval of an earlier experience

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Mood-Congruent Memory

The tendency to recall experiences that are consistent with ones current good or bad mood

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Ebbinghaus

The more you rehearse, the more you remember

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Proactive Interference

(Forward acting) the disruptive effect of prior learning on the recall of new information

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Retroactive Interference

(Backward acting) the disruptive effect of new learning on the recall of old information

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Repression

In psychoanalytic theory, the basic defense mechanism that banishes from consciousness anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories

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Loftus

A psychologist, known specifically for her work with memory

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Misinformation Effect

Incorporating misleading information into one's memory of an event (experienced but inaccuracies)

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Source Amnesia

Attributing to the wrong source an event we have experienced, heard about, read about, or imagined (never experienced it)

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State-Dependent Learning

We remember best when we are in the same psychological state we were in when we originally encoded it

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Context Effects

Putting yourself back in the context where you experienced something can prime your memory retrieval

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Freud

Used repression to treat people