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Flashcards in Chapter Seven and F2.2 Deck (7):

What percentage of variation in differences BMI can be attributed to genes?

75%, 25% is determined by the environment in which you live and the lifestyle choices you make.


Define Obesogenic Environment

An environment that promotes weight gain by encouraging overeating and physical inactivity.


Define Appetite

The desire to consume specific foods that is independent of hunger.


What two main reasons contribute to obesity (excluding genetics)?

1. People are eating more
2. People are exercising less


The greater the adipose tissue mass, the ______ the release of free fatty acids.



What is Lipid Triad or Atherogenic Phenotype?

A characteristic pattern of lipoproteins in the blood that increases the risk of cardiovascular disease: high serum triglycerides (due to high VLDL), low HDL cholesterol, and high levels of small dense LDL (sd-LDL).


What does sd-LDL do?

The small particles get trapped in the blood vessel walls and the cholesterol in the particles are more easily oxidized, promoting the development of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease.