Chapter Seven and F2.2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter Seven and F2.2 Deck (7):
1

What percentage of variation in differences BMI can be attributed to genes?

75%, 25% is determined by the environment in which you live and the lifestyle choices you make.

2

Define Obesogenic Environment

An environment that promotes weight gain by encouraging overeating and physical inactivity.

3

Define Appetite

The desire to consume specific foods that is independent of hunger.

4

What two main reasons contribute to obesity (excluding genetics)?

1. People are eating more
2. People are exercising less

5

The greater the adipose tissue mass, the ______ the release of free fatty acids.

Greater.

6

What is Lipid Triad or Atherogenic Phenotype?

A characteristic pattern of lipoproteins in the blood that increases the risk of cardiovascular disease: high serum triglycerides (due to high VLDL), low HDL cholesterol, and high levels of small dense LDL (sd-LDL).

7

What does sd-LDL do?

The small particles get trapped in the blood vessel walls and the cholesterol in the particles are more easily oxidized, promoting the development of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease.