Chemistry Test 4 Flashcards Preview

difficult ones > Chemistry Test 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chemistry Test 4 Deck (76):
1

alcohol derived of hydrogen

Aldehydes

2

function group of aldehydes

carbonyl

3

a double bond off an end carbon

carbonyl

4

a partial oxidation of a primary alcohol will form....

aldehyde

5

general formula of aldehyde

R-CHO

6

common name of methanol is...

formaldehyde

7

IUPAC of formaldehyde

Methanal

8

line formula of formaldehyde AKA methanal

HCHO

9

preparation of methanal

partial oxidation of a primary alcohol

10

properties of methanal

1. colorless gas
2. irritating odor (pungent)
3. soluble in water
4. oxidized to formic acid & methanoic acid
5. polymerization
6. neutralization w/ ammonia forming a salt (urotropin)
7. index

11

when methanol is oxidized it turns to

Formic acid (common name)
Methanoic acid (IUPAC)

12

is the ability of a substance to form long chains of the same basic chemical unit.

Polymerization

13

When polymerization happens to formaldehyde it converts itself from natural gaseous state to the solid white state, which is known as _________________.

paraformaldehyde

14

Neutralization with ammonia (NH3) forming a salt

urotropin

15

number of grams of formaldehyde gas dissolved in a 100ml of solution. expressed as a whole number.

index

16

lowest index number...

8.... jaundice

17

highest index number....

36

18

uses of formaldehyede

1. disinfectant
2. preservative

19

inhibit decomposition, destroy odor, and eliminate their formation and inactivate enzymes.

preservative

20

agueous- water mixture of formaldehyde gas and water.

formalin

21

saturation point of formaldehyde in water is...

37% by weight
40% by volume

22

2nd member of the aldehyde family

ethanol (IUPAC)

23

common name for ethanal

acetaldehyde

24

3rd member of the aldehyde family

benzaldehyde (common name)

25

benzaldehyde is what type of agent?

perfuming

26

organic compounds that contain TWO carbonal groups. Of those two at least ONE has to be located on an end carbon.

Dialdehydes

27

2 dialdehydes
ONLY COMMON NAMES ARE NEEDED FOR THIS QUESTION

glyoxal
glutaraldehyde

28

Organic compounds who's functional group or groups (carbonyl) is/are all attached to non-end carbons.

ketones

29

organic compounds that are always formed by the partial oxidation of a secondary alcohol

ketones

30

general formula of ketones

R-CO-R(prime)

31

IUPAC of Glyoxal

ethanedial

32

IUPAC of gluteraldehyde

1,5-pentanedial

33

a better disinfectant but not as good as preservative- larger molecule.
most common aldehyde

gluteraldehyde

34

suffix ending of a ketone

ONE

35

IUPAC of a type of ketone

propanone

36

common names of propanone (SOLVENT)

dimethyl ketone, acetone, nail polish remover

37

carboxylic acids is also known as...

organic acids

38

based on the element carbon....organic compounds that contain the carboxyl group off an end carbon.

carboxylic acids (organic acids)

39

general formula of carboxylic acids (organic acids)

R-COOH (carboxyl)

40

2 IUPAC names for a type of carboxylic acid (organic acids)

Methanoic acid
Ethanoic acid

41

common name for methanoic acid

formic acid

42

common name for ethanoic acid

acetic acid

43

active ingredient in vinegar

ethanoic acid (acetic acid)

44

active ingredient in fire ant bites or bee stings

methanoic acid (formic acid)

45

a family of organic compounds formed in reaction between an alcohol and an organic acid.

Esters

46

general formula for Esters

R-COO-R (prime)

47

suffix ending of all esters is...

ATE

48

IUPAC name of a type of esters

methyl salicylate

49

common name for methyl salicylate

oil of wintergreen

50

masking or perfuming agents especially in fumeless or odorless cavity fluids

methyl salicylate (oil of wintergreen)

51

a new class or family of organic compound formed by the reaction between two alcohols.

Ethers

52

general formula for ethers

R-O-R (prime)

53

suffix ending of ethers is...

ether

54

IUPAC name for a type or Ethers

diethyl ether

55

common name for diethyl ether

ether

56

formerly used as an anesthetic in surgery

diethyl ether (ether)

57

the first family or class of organic compounds which introduce the presence of the element nitrogen into the makeup of the organic compound. Compounds formed from ammonia by replacing one or more hydrogen atoms with organic radicals

amines

58

all amines must have the presence of one ______ of _____

atom
nitrogen

59

general formula of Amines

R-NH2 (primary)

60

the IUPAC suffix ending of all amines will be...

INE

61

Properties of amines (3)

1. alkaline in solution (pH above 7)
2. disagreeable odor
3. decomposition products of protein

62

functional group of amines is _______ and is represented by ______

amino
NH2

63

IUPAC names of types of amines

1. putrecine
2. cadaverine

64

Reaction with formaldehyde will be neutralized by _________. Needs more of a demand for _______________.

amines
formaldehyde

65

METHYL AMINE is a type of -------

amine

66

Surface active agents used for disinfection of the skin, oral cavities, and instruments

quaternary ammonium compounds (Quats)

67

examples of quaternary ammonium compounds

benzalkonium chloride
zephiron chloride

68

Organic compounds formed by the neutralization of an organic acid with ammonia. Compounds derived from ammonia by substituting a carbonyl group for hydrogen.

amides

69

general formula for amides

R-CONH-R (conner)

70

IUPAC suffice of amides is

ide

71

name of an amide

diethyl formamide
urea

72

amide that is used as a solvent...it is a hazardous chemical

diethyl formamide

73

common name for a member of the amides

urea

74

Organic compounds similar to alcohol, in which the oxygen of the hydroxyl group has been replaced by sulfur.

thioalcohols (mercaptans)

75

general formula for thioalcohol (mercaptan)

R-SH

76

FUNCTIONAL GROUP of thioalcohol (mercaptan)

sulfhydral