Flashcards in Chemistry Test 4 Deck (76):
alcohol derived of hydrogen
function group of aldehydes
a double bond off an end carbon
a partial oxidation of a primary alcohol will form....
general formula of aldehyde
common name of methanol is...
IUPAC of formaldehyde
line formula of formaldehyde AKA methanal
preparation of methanal
partial oxidation of a primary alcohol
properties of methanal
1. colorless gas
2. irritating odor (pungent)
3. soluble in water
4. oxidized to formic acid & methanoic acid
6. neutralization w/ ammonia forming a salt (urotropin)
when methanol is oxidized it turns to
Formic acid (common name)
Methanoic acid (IUPAC)
is the ability of a substance to form long chains of the same basic chemical unit.
When polymerization happens to formaldehyde it converts itself from natural gaseous state to the solid white state, which is known as _________________.
Neutralization with ammonia (NH3) forming a salt
number of grams of formaldehyde gas dissolved in a 100ml of solution. expressed as a whole number.
lowest index number...
highest index number....
uses of formaldehyede
inhibit decomposition, destroy odor, and eliminate their formation and inactivate enzymes.
agueous- water mixture of formaldehyde gas and water.
saturation point of formaldehyde in water is...
37% by weight
40% by volume
2nd member of the aldehyde family
common name for ethanal
3rd member of the aldehyde family
benzaldehyde (common name)
benzaldehyde is what type of agent?
organic compounds that contain TWO carbonal groups. Of those two at least ONE has to be located on an end carbon.
ONLY COMMON NAMES ARE NEEDED FOR THIS QUESTION
Organic compounds who's functional group or groups (carbonyl) is/are all attached to non-end carbons.
organic compounds that are always formed by the partial oxidation of a secondary alcohol
general formula of ketones
IUPAC of Glyoxal
IUPAC of gluteraldehyde
a better disinfectant but not as good as preservative- larger molecule.
most common aldehyde
suffix ending of a ketone
IUPAC of a type of ketone
common names of propanone (SOLVENT)
dimethyl ketone, acetone, nail polish remover
carboxylic acids is also known as...
based on the element carbon....organic compounds that contain the carboxyl group off an end carbon.
carboxylic acids (organic acids)
general formula of carboxylic acids (organic acids)
2 IUPAC names for a type of carboxylic acid (organic acids)
common name for methanoic acid
common name for ethanoic acid
active ingredient in vinegar
ethanoic acid (acetic acid)
active ingredient in fire ant bites or bee stings
methanoic acid (formic acid)
a family of organic compounds formed in reaction between an alcohol and an organic acid.
general formula for Esters
suffix ending of all esters is...
IUPAC name of a type of esters
common name for methyl salicylate
oil of wintergreen
masking or perfuming agents especially in fumeless or odorless cavity fluids
methyl salicylate (oil of wintergreen)
a new class or family of organic compound formed by the reaction between two alcohols.
general formula for ethers
suffix ending of ethers is...
IUPAC name for a type or Ethers
common name for diethyl ether
formerly used as an anesthetic in surgery
diethyl ether (ether)
the first family or class of organic compounds which introduce the presence of the element nitrogen into the makeup of the organic compound. Compounds formed from ammonia by replacing one or more hydrogen atoms with organic radicals
all amines must have the presence of one ______ of _____
general formula of Amines
the IUPAC suffix ending of all amines will be...
Properties of amines (3)
1. alkaline in solution (pH above 7)
2. disagreeable odor
3. decomposition products of protein
functional group of amines is _______ and is represented by ______
IUPAC names of types of amines
Reaction with formaldehyde will be neutralized by _________. Needs more of a demand for _______________.
METHYL AMINE is a type of -------
Surface active agents used for disinfection of the skin, oral cavities, and instruments
quaternary ammonium compounds (Quats)
examples of quaternary ammonium compounds
Organic compounds formed by the neutralization of an organic acid with ammonia. Compounds derived from ammonia by substituting a carbonyl group for hydrogen.
general formula for amides
IUPAC suffice of amides is
name of an amide
amide that is used as a solvent...it is a hazardous chemical
common name for a member of the amides
Organic compounds similar to alcohol, in which the oxygen of the hydroxyl group has been replaced by sulfur.
general formula for thioalcohol (mercaptan)