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Flashcards in Embalming Final Deck (27):
1

- Fatty degeneration or thickening of the walls of the larger arteries in atherosclerosis

Atheroma

2

- dilated or engorged veins.

Varices

3

- free floating objects in blood stream

Emboli

4

the term applied to a number of pathological conditions causing a thickening, hardening and loss of elasticity of the walls of the arteries

Arteriosclerosis

5

- during life (common in veins especially lower extremities)

Thrombus

6

- loss of blood or bleeding

Hemorrhage

7

- can die from this, but do not have to

Endocarditis

8

- most common in lungs

Tuberculosis

9

Conditions Predisposing to Vascular Difficulties Include: REVIEW THIS CARD...

Atheroma- Fatty degeneration or thickening of the walls of the larger arteries in atherosclerosis
Varices- dilated or engorged veins.
Clots- get definition (currant jelly & chicken fat)
Emboli- free floating objects in blood stream
Arteriosclerosis- the term applied to a number of pathological conditions causing a thickening, hardening and loss of elasticity of the walls of the arteries
Thrombus- during life (common in veins especially lower extremities)
Hemorrhage- loss of blood or bleeding
Endocarditis- can die from this, but do not have to
Tuberculosis- most common in lungs (pulmonary TB)
Gangrene- gas (infectious type), true, moist- progresses at???? (aschemic necrosis plus putrifaction) get definition from old notes.
Trauma-
Asphyxiation
Pneumonia
Syphilis
Advanced decomposition

10

Conditions Predisposing to Decomposition Include

Edema
Peritonitis
Gangrene
Trauma
Febrile cases
Septicemia

11

Treatment of predisposing conditions leading to decomp


Large volume of arterial fluid
Greater preservative demand so increase solution strength
Sectional vascular injection if needed
Sectional hypodermic embalming if needed (all areas not reached by vascular embalming)

12

special chemicals that may be needed for decomp

1. Hardening compound
2. Deodorants
3. Bleaching agents
4. Sealers

13

Conditions associated with Edema

Phlebitis
Congestive heart failure
Cirrhosis of the liver
Renal failure
Carbon monoxide poisoning (odorless, colorless, & lethal gas)
Lymph vessel obstruction
Burns (1st and 2nd degree)

14

Fluid Accumulation (Edema) According to Location

1. anasarca
2. ascites
3. hydrothorax
4. hydropericardium
5. hydrocele

15

Generalized edema-scattered throughout the entire body

Anasarca-

16

edema in abdominal cavity

ascites

17

edema in thoracic cavity

hydrothorax

18

edema around the pericardium

hydropericardium

19

edema in a sac like structure, especially the scrotal sac

hydrocele

20

Embalming Complications of Edema

Distention of tissue
Increased secondary dilution
Distortion of body contour
Possible leakage
Possible desquamation (skin slip)

21

embalming treatment of edema case

Stronger than “normal” solution strength, especially to the area with edema
Possible sectional embalming by hypodermic injection
Elevation of extremities to allow for gravitation of edematous fluid
Special attention must be paid to the area in which edema is present, i.e. the thoracic cavity in the case of hydrothorax
Restricted cervical if areas below the head have edema
Case analysis will determine embalming procedure

22

Conditions predisposing to dehydration

Hemorrhage
Febrile diseases
Emaciating diseases - cachexia
Burns
Refrigeration
Infectious diseases

23

embalming treatment of dehydration case

Large volume
Moisture retaining chemicals (humectants, usually very thick)
Normal strength solution
Control injection pressure and rate of flow
Alternate injection and drainage
Liberal application of massage cream
Light massage
Hypodermic tissue builder (fillers)

24

any abnormal color changes present in or on the body (permanent or temporary)

discoloration

25

Two ways to classify discoloration:

1. antemortem
2. postmortem

26

classification as to cause of discoloration.

1. blood
2. pathological
3. surface
4. embalming chemicals

27

review

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