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Flashcards in Embalming 3 Test 2 Deck (38):
1

Embalming considerations with obesed cases

Increased solution strength
Increased solution volume
Potential multi-point injection
Hypodermic injection may be required to supplement vascular embalming
Special attention to cavity embalming due to high moisture content
Plastic garments

2

postmortem examination of the organs and tissue of a body to determine cause of death or pathological conditions

autopsied case

3

autopsy is also known as...

necropsy

4

a _____ injector is normally used for posted cases

Y

5

treatment of an autopsied case may ______, and you should always perform ___________________

vary
case analysis

6

general treatment that would be performed on the NORMAL case will be followed if possible

thoracic and or abdominal

7

in some cases the viscera may not be returned with the body, if this happens make note on the________________

embalming case report

8

examine the vascular system to determine what __________ you should inject

vessels

9

in a complete autopsy you would typically do what type of injection?

multipoint injection

10

when selecting vessels to inject always work with what the __________ has left you

pathologist

11

in autopsy when injecting lower extremities use what?

Common iliac arteries
External iliac
Femoral arteries

12

a common arterial tube used in posted cases

Y arterial tube

13

in autopsy when injecting upper extremities use...

subclavians &/or axillaries

14

iliac arteries are located inferior to the _______________________

psoas major muscle

15

in autopsy when injecting head use...

common carotids

16

when injecting the head in a posted case it should be done ______ and the _____ side first

last
left

17

look for leakage at base at the top of the opened __________ to ensure distribution.

skull (the vertebral arteries)

18

during sectional injection attention should be given to leakage from _______ arteries, including ________ & ________

smaller
internal iliac arteries
internal thoracic arteries

19

__________ all drainage during the injection to help keep the cavities as dry as possible during the embalming process.

Aspirate

20

treat un-preserved areas of the trunk, shoulders, buttocks by either...

1. Hypodermic embalming
2. Surface embalming

21

ligate the ______ & _______ and pack the ________ & __________

rectum
esophagus
trachea
vagina

22

after the injection and any supplemental treatment is completed dry the ______________

interior cavities

23

place a liberal layer of _____________________ in the cavities and return the viscera

hardening compound

24

if the viscera are in a viscera bag, replace the preserved viscera in the bag into the ____

cavities

25

if the organs are NOT in a bag, return them in ______, with ___________ between each.

layers
hardening compound

26

if viscera is kept by the examiner, use some type of ______ to pack the cavities

filler

27

the ____________ is recommended to suture the cavities

baseball stitch

28

Extra steps to prevent leakage from closure of incision

Cover the incision with a layer of sealer
Place a layer of cotton over the sealer

29

in obese cases increase amount of _______ and ______ because fatty tissue doesn't embalm well.

fluid
strength

30

When working in the _____________ please make sure that the are no jagged edges that are exposed which could scratch or cut you

thoracic cavity

31

When are these steps done in a cranial autopsy?

a. Apply massage cream thoroughly over the facial area
b. Open caranial incision
c. Remove calvarium (upper portion of the skull)
d. Remove brain, if present
e. Immerse brain in suitable embalming chemical
f. Ligate or clamp leaking vessel in the interior of cranium, this would be the internal carotids and the vertebrals – (you may have to inject a small amount of fluid first)

before posing features

32

When are these steps done in a cranial autopsy?

a. clean and dry interior or cranium.
b. Cover the base of the skull with a sealer
c. Treat the walls of the scalp with a preservative gel or powder
d. Replace brain (if necessary)
e. Replace and secure the calvarium
f. Fill the line of the bone incision with non-absorbent material
g. Return scalp to normal position
h. Suture the scalp

following injection

33

when you cover the base of the skull with a sealer what does it do?

it closes the opening in the smaller vessels

34

two ideas as to replacing the brain?

1. Replace the brain in the cranial cavity covered with hardening compound

2. Place the brain in either the thoracic or abdominal cavity with other viscera

35

methods to secure the calvarium

1. Calvarium clamps
2. Adhesives
3. Wire through drilled holes
4. Suture the muscles
5. Needle injector

36

methods to secure the scalp

1. baseball stitch
2. whip suture
3. intradermal suture
4. adhesive

37

which closure is recommended for the scalp?

baseball stitch

38

when using an adhesive for closure the area must be _____

dry