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Flashcards in Childhood Viruses Deck (36)
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1

What type of genome does Measles Virus have?

(-)ssRNA

2

What is the virion of the measles virus?

Enveloped

3

What is the replication process for measles?

After entry, (-)ssRNA must form mRNA which will be translated into proteins and eventually full genomes which travel to the cell surface and bud out.

4

How is Measles virus usually spread?

Inhalation of aerosolized droplets

5

How does measles virus interfere with the host immune system?

Interference with CD46 and signaling lymphocyte activation molecule (SLAM) receptors

6

What are the symptoms of measles virus?

2-3 days of fever + cough, coryza, and conjunctivitis. Rash.

7

What is the primary prevention method for measles virus?

Vaccination (live attenuated vaccine) provides life long immunity.

8

What type of genome does Respiratory Syncytial Virus have?

(-)ssRNA

9

What type of virion does Respiratory Syncytial Virus have?

Enveloped

10

What is the target cell for Respiratory Syncytial Virus infection?

Ciliated cells in the respiratory tract epithelium

11

Is respiratory Syncytial Virus able to become a systemic infection?

RSV is limited to the respiratory tract

12

Does infection of Respiratory Syncytial Virus cause life long immunity?

No - Epitopes change often enough that your body will not recognize the next infection

13

How can you prevent Respiratory Syncitial Virus?

NO ANTIVIRALS; NO VACCINE...WASH HANDS

14

What Viral family does Measles Virus belong to?

Paramyxovirus

15

What Viral family does Respiratory Syncitial Virus belong to?

Paramyxovirus

16

What Viral family does Varicella Zoster Virus belong to?

Alphaherpesvirus

17

What type of genome does Varicella Zoster Virus have?

dsDNA, large

18

What type of virion does Varicella Zoster Virus have?

Enveloped

19

What disease does Varicella Zoster Virus cause?

Chickenpox

20

How does Varicella Zoster Virus replicate?

Must be in an active cell (can infect resting cell and cause latent infection).

21

What are the symptoms of Varicella Zoster Virus disease?

Fever, malaise, headache followed in 1-2 days by a rash.

22

What is the difference between smallpox and chickenpox?

Chickenpox is primarily on torso. Smallpox if face/arms/legs.

23

How is chickenpox prevented?

Vaccination;
Antivirals - Acyclovir; Interferes with genome replication

24

What family of Virus does Poliovirus belong to?

Picornavirus

25

What type of genome does Poliovirus have?

(+)ssRNA

26

What type of virion does Poliovirus have?

Non-enveloped

27

How does Poliovirus (picornovirus) manipulate the cell for its own growth?

(+)ssRNA can be used as a template for translation when ribosomes attach to their IRES region. They also shut off host cell transcription of 5' caps so that the ribosomes do not bind to any host mRNA and they are forced to translate the viral (+)ssRNA

28

How is poliovirus spread?

Ingestion of contaminated material (fecal matter)

29

What prevention is available for poliovirus?

Two vaccines available - Salk (killed) and Sabin (live attenuated)

30

What is the family of Rotavirus?

Reoviridae