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Flashcards in Christianity Deck (19)
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1

Context of Christianity

- Christianity grew out of Judaism in the 1st century CE.
- Subject to foreign rule (Roman, Babylonian)
- Judaism and Roman Empire were two main rulers at the time
- Jews looked for peace and justice in the Messiah – free them from oppression

2

Hierarchy of social ruling in Palestine

*Pharisees – written and oral law
*Sadducees – deny resurrection of dead, written law only
*Zealots – belief in one God

3

Why is Jesus the role model for Christian life?

- Jesus is the embodiment of the reign of God
- Jesus lives a life of prayer
- Jesus acts as an advocate for the poor
- Jesus lives a life of service to others
- Jesus loves and forgives others

4

Role of Paul

- Converted Gentiles to Christians through his letters and preachings
- Originally a Jew but converted to Christianity
- Letters = teaching gospel and how to live a good Christian life

5

What is the Council of Jerusalem?

Marked official start of Christianity, separate from Judaism

6

5 Varients of Christianity

1. Catholicism
2. Protestantism
3. Anglicanism
4. Orthodoxy
5. Pentecostalism

7

5 core beliefs

1. Divinity and humanity of Jesus Christ
2. Nature of God and the Trinity
3. Death and Resurrection
4. Revelation
5. Salvation

8

What is the divinity and humanity of Jesus?

- He is both fully human and fully divine  human actions, but a saviour capable of miracles and defeating death  coexistence

- This teaching defines the nature of Jesus as a historical, tangible human person AND ‘of the same substance’ as God the Father, thus divine.

9

What is the trinity?

- God is in three parts the Father (creator), the Son (saviour) and the Holy Spirit (sanctifier)  belief in One God in 3 forms
- Sign of the cross that proves the trinity

10

What is the death and resurrection?

- His death & resurrection confirms his divinity and nature of the son of God.
- Basis of our understanding  even after his physical death, Jesus is alive and present with us today and continues to preach the same message

11

What are revelations?

- The transmission of knowledge from the divine to the human
- Knowledge given by God to human beings about persons, events and things that were previously unknown.
- God revealed himself to humanity by taking the human form of Jesus Christ

12

What is salvation?

- God has the intention to save.
- It is only through the grace of God that humans can attain salvation
- Sin interrupts salvation

13

Why is the Bible central to Christianity?

- Foundation of a personal relationship with God
- Provides a model/framework of ethics and behaviour
- Enables spiritual education
- Facilitates public and private worship

14

10 commandments

• Form a covenant between God and His followers
• First 4 describe how to have a correct relationship with God
• Other 6 describe how to have a correct relationship with your neighbours

15

Beatitudes

• A series of virtues describing the model of a good Christian
• Form a basis of Christian behaviour  dictate how Christians should behave and treat others, in order to be praised, or blessed, by God

16

Commandment of Love

• Greatest declaration
• Address two aspects of Christian ethics  maintaining your relationship with God and your relationship with your neighbours
• Jesus’ focus on love was revolutionary
• Agape love  the unconditional love of Jesus

17

Importance of ethics for adherents

Guiding behaviour + Living Christ’s message

18

Types of prayer

- Formal prayers (Bible, church tradition)
- Public worship (integrated aspect of worship and services)
- Private prayer (directly talking to God  praise him, seek help or simply reflect)

19

6 Principal events in Jesus' life

baptism, 40 days in the desert, ministry, final days of Jerusalem, crucifixion, resurrection