Flashcards in Christianity Deck (19)
Context of Christianity
- Christianity grew out of Judaism in the 1st century CE.
- Subject to foreign rule (Roman, Babylonian)
- Judaism and Roman Empire were two main rulers at the time
- Jews looked for peace and justice in the Messiah – free them from oppression
Hierarchy of social ruling in Palestine
*Pharisees – written and oral law
*Sadducees – deny resurrection of dead, written law only
*Zealots – belief in one God
Why is Jesus the role model for Christian life?
- Jesus is the embodiment of the reign of God
- Jesus lives a life of prayer
- Jesus acts as an advocate for the poor
- Jesus lives a life of service to others
- Jesus loves and forgives others
Role of Paul
- Converted Gentiles to Christians through his letters and preachings
- Originally a Jew but converted to Christianity
- Letters = teaching gospel and how to live a good Christian life
What is the Council of Jerusalem?
Marked official start of Christianity, separate from Judaism
5 Varients of Christianity
5 core beliefs
1. Divinity and humanity of Jesus Christ
2. Nature of God and the Trinity
3. Death and Resurrection
What is the divinity and humanity of Jesus?
- He is both fully human and fully divine human actions, but a saviour capable of miracles and defeating death coexistence
- This teaching defines the nature of Jesus as a historical, tangible human person AND ‘of the same substance’ as God the Father, thus divine.
What is the trinity?
- God is in three parts the Father (creator), the Son (saviour) and the Holy Spirit (sanctifier) belief in One God in 3 forms
- Sign of the cross that proves the trinity
What is the death and resurrection?
- His death & resurrection confirms his divinity and nature of the son of God.
- Basis of our understanding even after his physical death, Jesus is alive and present with us today and continues to preach the same message
What are revelations?
- The transmission of knowledge from the divine to the human
- Knowledge given by God to human beings about persons, events and things that were previously unknown.
- God revealed himself to humanity by taking the human form of Jesus Christ
What is salvation?
- God has the intention to save.
- It is only through the grace of God that humans can attain salvation
- Sin interrupts salvation
Why is the Bible central to Christianity?
- Foundation of a personal relationship with God
- Provides a model/framework of ethics and behaviour
- Enables spiritual education
- Facilitates public and private worship
• Form a covenant between God and His followers
• First 4 describe how to have a correct relationship with God
• Other 6 describe how to have a correct relationship with your neighbours
• A series of virtues describing the model of a good Christian
• Form a basis of Christian behaviour dictate how Christians should behave and treat others, in order to be praised, or blessed, by God
Commandment of Love
• Greatest declaration
• Address two aspects of Christian ethics maintaining your relationship with God and your relationship with your neighbours
• Jesus’ focus on love was revolutionary
• Agape love the unconditional love of Jesus
Importance of ethics for adherents
Guiding behaviour + Living Christ’s message
Types of prayer
- Formal prayers (Bible, church tradition)
- Public worship (integrated aspect of worship and services)
- Private prayer (directly talking to God praise him, seek help or simply reflect)