Christianity Flashcards Preview

Yr 11 SOR 2 > Christianity > Flashcards

Flashcards in Christianity Deck (19)
Loading flashcards...

Context of Christianity

- Christianity grew out of Judaism in the 1st century CE.
- Subject to foreign rule (Roman, Babylonian)
- Judaism and Roman Empire were two main rulers at the time
- Jews looked for peace and justice in the Messiah – free them from oppression


Hierarchy of social ruling in Palestine

*Pharisees – written and oral law
*Sadducees – deny resurrection of dead, written law only
*Zealots – belief in one God


Why is Jesus the role model for Christian life?

- Jesus is the embodiment of the reign of God
- Jesus lives a life of prayer
- Jesus acts as an advocate for the poor
- Jesus lives a life of service to others
- Jesus loves and forgives others


Role of Paul

- Converted Gentiles to Christians through his letters and preachings
- Originally a Jew but converted to Christianity
- Letters = teaching gospel and how to live a good Christian life


What is the Council of Jerusalem?

Marked official start of Christianity, separate from Judaism


5 Varients of Christianity

1. Catholicism
2. Protestantism
3. Anglicanism
4. Orthodoxy
5. Pentecostalism


5 core beliefs

1. Divinity and humanity of Jesus Christ
2. Nature of God and the Trinity
3. Death and Resurrection
4. Revelation
5. Salvation


What is the divinity and humanity of Jesus?

- He is both fully human and fully divine  human actions, but a saviour capable of miracles and defeating death  coexistence

- This teaching defines the nature of Jesus as a historical, tangible human person AND ‘of the same substance’ as God the Father, thus divine.


What is the trinity?

- God is in three parts the Father (creator), the Son (saviour) and the Holy Spirit (sanctifier)  belief in One God in 3 forms
- Sign of the cross that proves the trinity


What is the death and resurrection?

- His death & resurrection confirms his divinity and nature of the son of God.
- Basis of our understanding  even after his physical death, Jesus is alive and present with us today and continues to preach the same message


What are revelations?

- The transmission of knowledge from the divine to the human
- Knowledge given by God to human beings about persons, events and things that were previously unknown.
- God revealed himself to humanity by taking the human form of Jesus Christ


What is salvation?

- God has the intention to save.
- It is only through the grace of God that humans can attain salvation
- Sin interrupts salvation


Why is the Bible central to Christianity?

- Foundation of a personal relationship with God
- Provides a model/framework of ethics and behaviour
- Enables spiritual education
- Facilitates public and private worship


10 commandments

• Form a covenant between God and His followers
• First 4 describe how to have a correct relationship with God
• Other 6 describe how to have a correct relationship with your neighbours



• A series of virtues describing the model of a good Christian
• Form a basis of Christian behaviour  dictate how Christians should behave and treat others, in order to be praised, or blessed, by God


Commandment of Love

• Greatest declaration
• Address two aspects of Christian ethics  maintaining your relationship with God and your relationship with your neighbours
• Jesus’ focus on love was revolutionary
• Agape love  the unconditional love of Jesus


Importance of ethics for adherents

Guiding behaviour + Living Christ’s message


Types of prayer

- Formal prayers (Bible, church tradition)
- Public worship (integrated aspect of worship and services)
- Private prayer (directly talking to God  praise him, seek help or simply reflect)


6 Principal events in Jesus' life

baptism, 40 days in the desert, ministry, final days of Jerusalem, crucifixion, resurrection