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Flashcards in Religion Pre 1945 Deck (18)
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1

Sectarianism

refers to the rivalry or division of religious lines.

2

Where did sectarianism stem from

- Protestant reformation
- English occupation of Ireland

3

Impacts of sectarianism

forced religious practice, education, conscription

4

Daniel Mannix

major influencer for sectarianism in Australia. He was known for his strong disapproval of violence and was against the idea of conscription.

5

Establishment of Christianity

- Arrived in 1788 on the first fleet  English convicts (church of England) and Irish convicts (Roman Catholics)

6

Establishment of Judaism

- Came on the first fleet
- Big influx of Jews post war
- Determined to not let Christianity be the dominant religion
- Established places of worship across all states
- First synagogue consecrated in South Australia 1850
- Services were regularly being held in homes such as that of Phillip Joseph Cohen

7

Establishment of Hinduism

- Came to Australia in 19th Century
- Hired under indentured (work for fixed term) labour contracts  sugar plantations and worked with livestock
- Religious needs weren’t met or recognised in Australia
- Mainly practiced their religion in homes privately
- Harder for them to fit into society

8

Bush Brotherhood

• Bishop Nathanial Dawes established the Church of England and was a significant figure in helping the marginalized
• Dawes and his group rode on horseback providing ministry to those living in the rural and remote areas  still actively serves in outback communities

9

Royal Flying Doctor Service

• John Flynn (highly regarded reverend) established the service
• Aided in the spiritual, social and medical needs of people in the outback
• RFDS embodies Christian ethos such as service, endurance and a dignified life for all people

10

Education for needy

• Christian groups traditionally sought to help the disadvantaged as a central part of Christian ethos  did this through providing education for the poor
• 1866 Mother Mary Mackillop and Julian Tenison Woods founded the Order of St Joseph to teach the children of the poor

11

Assistance for migrants

• Migrants were vulnerable in a new place and had no means of supporting themselves
• Caroline Chisholm was concerned with the plight of migrants  provided shelter and protection for young girls and secured employment for them

12

Great Depression

• Alerted church groups that structural changes were required in the way the state provided social welfare
• Events of the Depression indicated that community support was insufficient in dealing with the issue of poverty
• Churches lobbied the government and the government therefore introduced unemployment benefits

13

3 acts of education

1. Schools Estate Cooperation Charter (1825)
2. The Church Act (1836)
3. 1880 Public Instruction Act

14

Public Morality

refers to moral and ethical standards enforced in a society. Enforced by either law enforcement or social pressures.

15

Sexual Morality

- Christians were against divorce  breaking vows and eternal bond
- Opposition towards homosexuality
- Laws were inflicted on convicts
- If they weren’t followed you would be publicly humiliated

16

Temperance Movement

- Movement called upon men to abstain from alcohol
- Women were used to convince male figures to take the pledge as they were most frequently victims of alcohol related problems

17

Sabbatarianism

advocating observance of Sabbath
- Everyone was required to attend church services
- Intention was to improve the behaviour and morality of convicts
- Created uproar between denominations as they were forced to worship a religion that was not theirs

18

Gambling

- Christianity was influential in the banning of gambling in early Australian society because profit by methods other than honest labour was denounced by most Christian denominations
- Catholic Church didn't hold any moral objections, providing it was not excessive