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Flashcards in Judaism Deck (28)
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1

Who is Abraham?

First patriarch of Judaism, started it, monotheistic belief, lived nomadic life

2

How is the covenant carried on today?

Everlasting, Circumcision, People of the book, Still practicing religion.

3

Importance of Isaac

test of sacrifice, patriarch

4

Importance of Jacob

Continued on covenant by having 12 sons who were ancestors of the 12 tribes

5

Importance of Moses

Led Hebrews out of slavery to promised land (covenant), in return they could occupy the Promised Land.

6

Why is the Passover important today?

Celebrates the escape of the Israelites from slavery (eat unleavened bread and lamb)

7

Name some other covenants

Noah, King David, Adam & Eve

8

Characteristics of the Orthodox Church

• Men and women worship separately
• Written Torah has survived unchanged
• Support Zionism (return to promised land)
• Hebrew language in church
• Kosher (not allowed to mix dairy and meat)

9

Characteristics of the Progressive Church

• Service conducted in local language
• More freedom (organ)
• Men and women sit together (women can be rabbi’s)
• Reject Zionism, resurrection of dead and Messiah

10

Characteristics of the Conservative Church

• Stick to traditional practices whilst adapting to times
• Torah is human creation
• Most services in Hebrew
• More on traditional side
• Accepts authority of moral law.

11

3 Principal beliefs

1. Belief in One God and the attributes
2. Concept of a divinely inspired moral law
3. Importance of the covenant

12

Who is Moses Maimonides?

outlines 3 main principles in 13 articles of faith

13

Jewish Sacred Text

Torah

14

3 sections of the Torah

Torah, Neviim, Ketuvim

15

What is the Torah?

- Basis of Jewish Law  613 mitzvot
- Provides an outline of their belief in relationship with God
- Guide for morality today
- Explains beliefs

16

What is the Neviim?

- Consists of the writings or visions of prophets
- Used today to remind Jews of covenant and application of social justice
- Prophets speak on behalf of God
- Instructions on goals and warnings

17

What is the Ketuvim?

- Collection of books loosely referred to as Wisdom Literature
- Psalms = hymns of praise
- Proverbs = short statements expressing wisdom

18

What is the Talmud?

Oral Torah = explains written Torah and how to interpret it and apply the law

19

Source of ethics

Commandments of Torah and Prophetic Vision

20

What does Tikkun Olam mean?

Repair the world - commitment to social justice

21

How is Tikkun Olam shown?

Gemilut Chasidim, Tzedakah and Bal Tashkit

22

What is Gemilut Chasidim?

Acts of loving kindness such as visiting the sick, feeding the poor and comforting the mourner.

23

What is Tzedakah?

Charity. Donors benefit from giving as much or more than the recipients. Contribution of time, effort and insight.

24

What is Bal Tashkit?

Do not destroy the environment

25

What is the Book of Proverbs?

- Ascribed to King Solomon = gives advice for upright living
- Key areas = wisdom, righteousness, purity + generosity
- Collection of short succinct statements

26

What is the importance of ethics?

• Halakchah assists Jews to apply the general principles contained in Torah to daily ethical issues
• Mitzvot + 10 Commandments provide ethical direction

27

What is Shabbat?

The Jewish rest day. Challah (special bread) is eaten, no cooking, driving, handling money

28

What is the importance of Shabbat?

• Faithfulness to God
• Living covenant initiated by Moses
• Ritual + tradition
• Spiritual nourishment
• Building community