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Neurology Year 3 > Clinical Anatomy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Clinical Anatomy Deck (21)
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1

If there is unilateral lesion on one side of the pontocereblum how does this present?

Unsteady gait and poor coordination

2

If a lesion occurs on the right side of the cerebellum what side of the body will be affected?

Ipsilateral - same side as the lesion

3

If there is a bilateral lesion affecting both pontocerebellums how does this present?

Slurred speech
Bilateral incoordination
Staggering gait

4

Brown Sequared syndrome.

Ipsilateral - Loss of Motor function
Ipsilateral Dorsal - loss of deep touch
Contralateral Spinothalmic - Loss of temperature.

5

What is the cause of Brown Sequard Syndrome?

A hemisectional lesion or damage - only damages half of the spinal chord.

6

An upper motor neurone lesion will present with.

Increased tone
Muscle wasting
Hypereflexion

7

A lower motor neurone lesion will present with.

Decreased tone
Muscle wasting

8

An issue within the CNS presents as

Hemiplegia Paraplegia whole limb affected
Heaviness spasms jerks
Sensory symptoms
Cognitive and sphincter issues

9

An issue within the PNS presents as

Peripheral or localised area affected
If plexus is affected it can involve the whole limb
Positional weakness
Cramp twitching
Pain
Loss of grip
Tripping up

10

An issue within the NMJ presents as

Ocular Bulbar issues
Proximal limb fatigue
Difficulty swallowing speaking or diplopia
No sensory involvment

11

An issue within the muscles

Proximal
Aching insidious
Myalgia
Cramping
No sensory symptoms
"can't get up from my chair"

12

On exam a CNS lesion presents with

Increased spasticity -
Increased briskness of reflex
Planatr extensor response
Arm extensor weakness
Leg flexor weakness

13

On exam a PNS lesion presents with

Muscle wasting
Reduced Tone
Distal weakness
Reduced reflexs

14

On exam a NMJ lesion presents with

Normal tone and reflexs
Fatiguability

15

List some causes of Central chord syndrome

Syringomyelia
Arnold chiari malformation

16

What tracts are affected by central chord syndrome?

Corticospinal Spinothalamic

17

What is seen in central chord syndrome?

Pain and temperature lost
Weakness and spasticity in upper limbs

18

What is syringomelia?

A fluid filled cysts develops longitudinally within your spinal column

19

What is a common cause of Anterior Chord syndrome?

Infarction of anterior spinal artery

20

What tracts are affected by anterior chord syndrome?

All of them except the DCML

21

What is seen in anterior chord syndrome?

Weakness
Spasticity
Loss of Pain
Loss Temperature
Fine touch is preserved