Clinical: Pneumonia Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Clinical: Pneumonia Deck (12):
1

Which organism is associated with causing pneumonia in alcoholics?

Klebsiella

2

Strep pneumo is easily treated with antibiotics, why is it often fatal?

Septicemia occurs very rapidly and is difficult to reverse.

3

How do bacterial vs. viral or other atypical pneumonias differ on CXR?

Bacterial: lobal consolidation
Atypical: diffulse involvement

4

What organism causes scant, watery sputum?

Mycoplasma

5

Common organism that causes pneumonia in diabetics.

Pseudomonas

6

What 3 bugs cause pneumonia in COPD?

1. H. flu
2. Moraxella
3. Pneumococcal

7

Bug that causes atypical pneumonia and tends to cause fever.

Legionella

8

Unique symptom of legionella infection.

Hyponatremia

9

Most common causes of CAP in elderly population and standard treatment.

Pneumococcal and Legionella
Tx: beta lactam with macrolides

10

What is normal treatment for Nosocomial Pneumonia?

Beta Lactam or
Antipseudomonal: fluoroquinolone, Tobramycin, Vanco

11

What are some factors leading to development of drug resistant bacterial strains.

-long course of antibiotics (more than 3 months)
-long hospital stay (more than 5 days)
-IC disease or therapy
-interaction with kids in daycare

12

What is a big risk factor for developing a colonization or pneumonia from Pseudomonas?

Structural Lung Disease