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Flashcards in Respiratory Antibiotics Deck (12):
1

What is the difference between level I and level III evidence and which is better support for medication use?

Level I: evidence obtained from at least one properly designed randomized controlled trial.

Level III: opinions of respected authorities, based on clinical experience, descriptive studies, or reports of expert committees.

-level I evidence is better support for use of a drug

2

What is the best class (and name 3 meds in that class) that has level I evidence for use in pneumonia caused by Strep pneumo when the patient has no risk factors.

Macrolides
-Azithromycin
-Clarithromycin
-Erythromycin

3

Which drug classes have Level I evidence to treat community acquired pneumonia for a patient in the hospital but NOT in the ICU?

Fluoroquinolones-monotherapy

Beta-Lactams and Macrolides - combo therapy

4

Which drug class has level I evidence for use against community acquired pneumonia patients that are in the ICU?

Respiratory Fluoroquinolones
(Moxi-, Gemi-, Levo-)

5

Name 2 drugs used initially for acute sinusitis.

Amoxicillin
TMP-SMX

6

Name 5 monotherapy or combo therapy treatments for chronic sinusitis.

1. Clindamycin
2. Cefazolin/metronidazole
3. Cefuroxime/metronidazole
4. Clarithromycin
5. Fluroquinolones

7

Name one oral and one IM antibiotic used for Strep pyogenes pharyngitis.

Penicillin V: oral
Penicillin G Benzathine: IM

-oral erythromycin if penicillin allergies exist

8

Name 3 treatments for patients with COPD that get an infection.

1. TMP-SMX
2. Azithromycin or Clarithromycin
3. Doxycycline

9

Name 3 drugs used to treat pneumonia caused by penicillin resistant strep pneumo.

1. Doxycycline
2. Clindamycin
3. Levofloxacin

10

Name 2 antibiotics used to treat pneumonia caused by legionella.

1. Fluoroquinolones
2. Azithromycin

11

Name 4 antibiotics used to treat CAP in the elderly.

1. Loracarbef
2. Cefuroxime axetil
3. Cefpodoxime
4. Ceftriaxone

12

Name 3 antibiotics used against nosocomial pneumonia caused by MRSA.

1. Vanco
2. Linezolid
3. Tigecycline