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Flashcards in common emergencies Deck (46)
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what are 10 common animal emergencies

cardiovascular, respiratory, neurological, gastrointestinal, urologic, reproductive, hemtaological, metabolic, opthalmological, dermatological


what are cardiac related problems

heart failure, pericardial effusion, arrhythmias, aortic-thromboembolism


what are the clinical signs for cardiac related problems

weakness, lethargy, collapse, syncope, cough, tachypnea, resp. distress, possibly anoxeria, v/d


what should we look for in the physical exam

mm, breathing, jugular distention, mumurs, cough, arrhythmias, rate, lung sounds, pulses and temp


what is heart failure

inability of the heart to supply adequate blood flow to meet the metabolic needs of the body


what is congestive heart failure

increased pulmonary/systemic venous pressure causes fluid to leak from the capillary beds and accumulate in tissue or in body cavities
-may see murmurs, tachypnea/ dyspnea, weakness
-confirm by radiographs, echocardiography


what is a aortic thromboembolism

a clot develops in the heart, breaks free and travels into the systemic arteries -> distal aorta
- may see posterior paresis, paralysis, pain, cold, pale, low temp, weak or non-existent pules
-confirm by radiographs, echo, CS, BG, Doppler


what are the clinical signs of cardiac emergencies

dyspnea, cyanosis, coughing,exercise intolerance


what can we do for nursing for cardiac emergencies

oxygen therapy, sedation, pain meds, venous access, supportive care, equipment/diagnostic tool


what are some upper air respiratory emergencies

FB, collapsing trachea, laryngeal paralysis


what are some lower air respiratory emergencies

pleural space diseases, lung parenchymal dx, pulmonary edema


what are the clinical signs of respiratory emergencies

dyspnea, cyanosis, anxious


what can we do for nursing for respiratory emergencies

minimize stress, O2 therapy, ensure permeability of the airways, meds, equipment/diagnostic tools, supportive care


what are some urologic emergencies

acute renal failure, renal injuries, urinary tract trauma/obstruction, urethral obstrucion, uroliths


what are some clinical signs of urethral obstruction

stranguria, pollakiuria, inappropiate urination, vocal, restless, anorexia, dehydrates, hyperkalemia


what can we do for nursing for urologic emergenices

venous access, fluid therapy, blood work, pain meds, EKG, BP, O2 therapy


what should we do for nursing severe hyperkalemic patients

fluid therapy - balanced electrolyte solution
insulin/dextrose therapy
calcium therapy
sodium bicarbonate therapy


what should we do for post obstructive care for monitoring for urologic emergenices

full perfusion parameters, measure urine ins and outs, EKG, lab test

U-cath care = ecollor. clean cath and line every 6 hrs or prn


what should we know for urethral obstruction client education

possibility of re-obstruction, fresh clean water all the time, diet change, environmental enrichment


what should we know than uroliths/plugs lodged in the penile urethra

-increased pressure within urethra and bladder ->pressure necrosis/mucosal injury
-back pressure extends to the kidney which decreases GFR
-kidneys excretory ability ceases within 24- 48 hrs (accumulation of BUN, creatinine, K+, H+ in the blood


what is a partial/complete physical obstruction

urolith (struvite and oxalate)
urethral plugs (protein matrix and crystal material)
neoplasia, stricture


in the acute abdomen what are secondary to GI emergencies

hemoabdomen - splenic torsion/mass, trauma, gastritis
peritonitis, prancreaitis
gastric distention


what is initial care for gastrointestinal emergencies

O2, IV access, fluid therapy, meds, diagnostic tests, monitor


what might we see as clinical signs for esophageal, gastric, intestinal foreign body

vomiting, nausea, inappetence, abd pain


what is GD

food bloat


what are all the predisposing factors in all animals for gastric dilatation volvulus

large/giant breeds with deep chests, any dogs, species, eating fast, altered gastric emptying,stress, gases, swallowed air enter the stomach but not leave


what are the clinical signs for gastrointestinal emergencies

non-productive retching, restlessness, salivates, cranial abdominal, gaseous distention, tachycardia, shock symptoms


what can we do for nursing for gastrointestinal emergencies

venous access, O2 therapy, EKG


what is the goal for treatment in GDV

decompression, trocarization, gastropexy, +/- spleenectomy, remove irreversibly comprised tissues


what can we do for post op nursing care for gastrointestinal emerg

hemodynamic monitoring, pain management, potential arrhythmia, nutrition, light excerise only (2weeks)