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1

which major body systems should be monitored

cardiovascular, respiratory, neurological

2

what 3 things should you listen for in the respiratory system

rate/pattern/sound

3

an increase in RR and or/ effort means what

serious compromise of respiratory function

4

what is a pulse oximetry

machine that detects the concentration of the oxygen carried by the hemoglobin in the blood

5

what is SaO2 v SpO2

SaO2 - concentrated oxygen
SpO2 - measured by the pulse ox

6

what are 3 further assessment you can do for an assessment of respiratory pattern

pulse oximetry, radiography, arterial blood gas

7

what is an arterial blood gas assessment

sample from the artery, tells use acid-base status, oxygenation/ ventilation status

8

what is acidemic

blood pH to low

9

what is alkalinic

blood pH to high

10

what is PACO2

respiratory component

11

what is PAO2

oxygenation

12

Bicarbonate

Metabolic component for arterial blood gas assessment

13

what is base excess

the calculation (positive or negative) of how much base the body needs to bring it back to normal

14

why may you have hypoventilation and how to fix it

happens when they have increased CO2 and the pH is low because the CO2 is acidic, a bicarbonate will then help to bring back the body to normal (may need a bag)

15

what is evaluated when monitoring the cardiovascular system

pulse pressure, quality, HR, indicators of perfusion

16

what is MAP

mean artrial pressure

17

where should the hypotension # be?

near 100

18

if your more MAP is less than 70mmHg what should you do

tell a doctor asap

19

if your more MAP is 60mmHg what should you know

dangerous for the animal

20

what is evaluated when monitoring the neurological system

changes of the level of consciousness and mentation

21

what are 4 possible causes of neurological issues

1. electrolyte imbalances
2. metabolic derangements
3.thromboembolic evens (clotting)
4. cerebral edema/ herniation

22

what is the normal range of urinary output

1-2 ml/kg/hr

23

what blood tests would you do for looking at metabolic ancillary monitoring

PCV, electrolytes, chemistry

24

what is blood lacate

when tissues break down ATP to produce oxygen = end product

25

what is an indicator of hypoperfusion

blood lactate because there is not enough volume to move well through the body

26

how do you test for coagulation

ACT, aPTT (activated partial thromoplastin time), PT (prthrombin time), platelet count

27

when do you not do enteral feeding in monitoring

4 things, uncontrolled vomiting, GI obstruction. Ileus, Inability to protect its airway

28

what is parenteral feeding

feeding through IV route

29

when may you use a parenteral feeding route

nausea/vomiting, unable to guard its airway, severe ileus, malabsorption

30

what things/formulation need to be in a nutritional monitoring for parental routes

energy, protein, vitamins, electrolytes