Flashcards in Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment Deck (61):
What are the two parts of the CGA?
Multidisciplinary evaluation where multiple problems are considered...to develop a coordinated care plan
What is the purpose of the CGA? (3)
1. Prevent decline in performance of ADLs and IADLs
2. Screen for impairments
3. Screen for preventable disease
What are the three pros to the CGA?
What are the members of a geriatric assessment team?
What are the IADLs?
What are the five areas of the GSA?
What are the parts of the psychosocial assessment?
What are the five parts of the medical assessment?
What are the four parts of the functional assessment
As pts lose the ability to do IADLs., then how likely are they to develop dementia?
1 = 1
3 = 4.54
What percent of the elderly population have nutritional disorders?
What are the lab tests used to check for nutritional status?
What is the get up and go test? What is considered a failure?
Pt has to get up from a seated position walk 10 ft, then return
Fail if more than 20 secs
True or false: the get up and go test is still valid for pts using an assistive device
What are the two parts of the psych assessment?
1. Look for atypical presentation of depression
2. Assess cognitive function
What are the risk factors for depression? (2)
h/o social isolation
What are the tools to assess cognitive function?
1. Folstein mini-mental state exam
2. Montreal cognitive assessment
3. Clock draw
4. Verbal fluency
What is the karnofsky scale?
Assessment for cognition
True or false: you should involve family members at a f/u meeting for cognitive deficit findings
What are the two goals of geriatric prevention?
Increase function (ADLs, IADLs)
What is the secondary form of disease prevention?
Screening/detecting of asymptomatic
What is the tertiary form of disease prevention?
What is the primary form of disease prevention?
What is the cost of missed prevention opportunities?
What is the cost of unnecessary services?
What are the top three causes of death in the elderly as of 2010?
What is the purpose of the USPSTF?
Determine whether or not evidence supports providing a clinical preventive service
What does the "C" rating by the USPSTF mean?
Clinicians may provide this service to selected pts
What does the "I" rating by the USPSTF mean?
Evidence that the service effectiveness is lacking, poor quality
What are the two A and B recommendations by the USPSTF?
Bone mass measurement
Colorectal CA screening
What fraction of pts with breast CA are 65+?
More than half
What is the chance of developing breast CA at age 50? At 80?
What is the rating given by the USPSTF for breast biennial mammograms?
What is the rating given by the USPSTF for breast self exams?
What is the rating given by the USPSTF for breast biennial mammograms for women over the age of 75?
What is the rating given by the USPSTF for breast MRI screens for breast CA?
What is the age cutoff for biennial mammograms?
What percent of cervical cancers are caused by HPV?
True or false: older women are less likely to present with advanced cervical CA?
At what age are pap smears not recommended? What is the USPSTF recommendation?
Women aged 21-65 would get pap smears how often?
Every three years
What is the recommendation for cervical CA screening for women 30-65?
Combination of cytology and HPV testing
Why is COPD associated with osteoporosis?
Chronic steroid use may cause osteoporosis
What are the major risk factors for osteoporosis?
Wt >60 kg
What is the single best indicator of osteoporosis?
What is the USPSTF recommended of screening for osteoporosis for men and women?
B for women 65+
I for men
What are the two risk factors for prostate CA?
First degree relative
True or false: it is not known whether a PSA screen will reduce the risk of death from prostate CA
What are the two diseases that can show elevated PSA?
prostatitis or BPH
What is the USPSTF recommendation for PSA screening?
What fraction of men with limited life expectancy continue to receive PSA?
Does a 65 yo white male need a PSA test?
For every 3000 PSA tests, how many pts get ED or incontinence?
For every 3000 PSA tests, how many pts get CV event?
For every 3000 PSA tests, how many pts get a DVT?
For every 3000 PSA tests, how many pts die?
What percent of colon CAs happen after the age of 50?
In what population is colon CA high?
African American men
Colon cancer has an A rating for what age range?
from 50 to 75
What is the absolute cutoff for colon CA screening?