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Flashcards in Falls n' Such Deck (16):
1

The frequency of pt falls are high in what populations?

Those in nursing homes or hospitalized

2

What are the two very broad injuries that can occur with falling?

Physical and fear of falling

3

What are intrinsic factors?

Facts that are specific to a single pt

4

What are extrinsic factors?

Environmental hazards

5

What are the three things that it takes to know a pt well?

med list
prob list
***

6

What are the age related gait changes? (for both, men, and for women)

Decreased height of steps

Narrow waddling in women

Wide, short step gait in men

7

What is the DEMENTIAS mnemonic?

Drugs
Emotional difficulties
Metabolic derangements
Endocrine disease
Nutritional probs
Trauma and tumor
Ischemia/infx
Anemia/arrhythmia
Social, sensory, spiritual

8

What are the most common extrinsic factors for falling?

Loose rugs
Slippy floor
Poor lighting

9

What percent of falls are related to stairways?

10%

10

Is falling a symptom or a diagnosis?

Symptom

11

What are the two intrinsic factors have been shown to lower fall rates?

Lower extremity strength
Exercise for balance

12

What is the major risk factor for fractures?

Osteoporosis

13

What is the most common cause of osteoporosis?

Aging

14

What are the ages for men and women for dexa scans?

65 for women
70 for men

15

What is the effect of PTH on bone?

Draws Ca from bone, to increase plasma [Ca]

16

What are the three markers for osteoporosis?

[Ca]
Vit D
PTH