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Flashcards in General Principles of Aging Deck (33):
1

What happens to homeostasis as we age? What is the consequence of this?

Decreases--decreased ability to return to baseline function after some sort of insult

2

A major loss in function usually means what? What does this lead to?

loss in ambulation, leading to immobility

3

What are the CNS symptoms of immobilization?

Dependence, depression, confusion

4

Why should you be careful with admitting elderly pts?

Will cause immobilization

5

What are the two major things old people want?

Function and independence

6

How should you describe older patients?

In terms of function, not in chronological years

7

Function = age (true of false)

False

8

What percent of function is present at young adult age, middle age, and old age

Young = 90-100% of function
Middle = 10-30% decreased function
Old = significant lost of function

9

What is the age range for young adult?

20-39

10

What is the age range for middle age?

40-64

11

What is the age range for old age?

65-74

12

What is the age range for very old age?

74-84

13

What is the age range for oldest old age?

85+

14

True or false: there is likely impariment of function for ADLs at the very old age status

True

15

True or false: there is likely impairment of function for ADLs at the very old age status

True

16

True or false: organs age at different rates

true

17

How much money do 85+ yo pay out of pocket above health insurance? 80-84? 70-75?

85+ = $16,000 / yr
80-84 = $10,0000 /yr
70-75 = $6,000 / yr

18

What are the five major psychological changes with aging?

1. Attitude towards life
2. Self image/worth
3. Value to society
4. Changes with retirement
5. Dependence

19

What is life span?

Length of life (birth to death)

20

What is longevity?

Number of years of life

21

What is mean longevity?

Life expectantct

22

What is the life expectancy in the US?

78.3 years

23

What percent of people die between the ages of 77-93

95%

24

What is the maximum longevity?

Maximum life span

25

What is mean longevity?

Life expectancy

26

What is the theoretical maximum life span?

110-120 years

27

Polypharmacy is what?

taking more than 5 drugs at once

28

What happens to body composition as we age? What is the effect of drugs on this?

Increased fat, altered drug absorption/breakdown

29

What is the consequence of the decreased appetite of older folks?

Decreased ability to compensate for drugs

30

Increased stress can cause what things (besides the obvious)?

Skin disorders

31

What is the favorite self medication in the elderly?

EtOH

32

What two things does smoking cause that you didn't know?

Osteoporosis
Cataracts

33

Do older people, in general, under or over report medical problems?

Under