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Flashcards in Derm Deck (31):
1

Senile purpura is what?

Benign leakage of blood into the epidermis of some elderly pts

2

What is intertrigo?

is an inflammation (rash) of the body folds (adjacent areas of skin). d/t a breakdown of cells with

3

What is a commom complication of intertrigo?

Fungal infx

4

What is eresiphilus?

Well demarcated Infx of the outer layer of the skin (usually strep or staph)

5

Tiny vesicles on a red base in a dermatomal pattern = ?

Herpes zoster

6

Tzanck smear is used for what?

Herpes infx

7

What are the two agents to treat pain with herpes zoster?

Gabapentin + NSAID

8

Lichen simplex chronicus = ?

Hypertrophy of the skin d/t chronic scratching

9

What is the treatment for lichen simplex chronicus?

Corticosteroids

10

What are the two major drugs to treat skin problems?

-low potency 1% hydrocortisone cream
-moderate potency 0.1% triamcinolone cream

11

Stasis dermatitis = ?

Darkening of the skin d/t incompetent valves and hemosiderin

12

What is the treatment for stasis dermatitis?

Lotion + support hoes (corticosterone if there is inflammation)

13

What is eczema craquele?

Solar induced keratosis benign, but may progress to skin CA

14

Actinic keratosis can lead to what?

Basal cell carcinoma

15

What are "liver spots"?

Lentigo senilis-- benign macules d/t sun exposure

16

Actinic Cheilitis = ? Why can it be concerning?

Inflammation of the lips caused by exogenous factors such as dryness (chapping) and acute sun exposure.

Concerning since it may progress to basal cell carcinoma

17

What is the cause of angular cheilitis?

Saliva caught there, causing a form of impetigo

18

Chondrodermatitis nodularis helicis = ?

localized trauma to the ear

19

What is the treatment for chondritis?

Don't sleep on that side

20

What is the one area in derm that needs an H&P?

Bullous pemphigoid

21

What is Bullous pemphigoid

an acute or chronic autoimmune skin disease, involving the formation of blisters, more appropriately known as bullae, at the space between the skin layers epidermis and dermis. It is classified as a type II hypersensitivity reaction, with the formation of anti-hemidesmosome antibodies formed.

22

Know the ABCDEs of skin.

Asymmetry
Borders irregular
Colorations
Diameter >6 mm
Evolution

23

True or false: Seborrheic keratosis never progress to cancer

True

24

What is the presentation of a basal cell CA?

Macule with irregular borders that bleeds easily

25

What is "adult acne"?

Rosacea

26

What are the symptoms of rosacea?

Erythematous rash over the face

27

What is the treatment for rosacea?

ABx

28

What is Necrobiosis lipoidica?

a necrotising skin condition that usually occurs in patients with diabetes

29

What can scabies imitate?

Herpes zoster

30

Papularvesicular rash in the webspaces and around the waist is what?

Scabies until proven otherwise

31

What can aggravate rosacea?

Sunshine
Fluoride