Flashcards in Contact Allergens Deck (154)
Number one cause of eyelid dermatitis
Tosylamide (Nail product)
Fabric finisher causing clothing dermatitis
Clothing dye causing clothing dermatitis
Disperse dyes 106 and 124
Cause of perianal contact dermatitis
Lidocaine preservatives (MCI/MI)
A preservative in lidocaine which is a common cause of perianal dermatitis
Shoe ADHESIVE that causes shoe dermatitis
Rubber accelerator that causes shoe dermatitis
Mercaptobenzothiazole (most common!) this is a rubber accelerator
Leather that causes shoe dermatitis
Most common substance in occupational ACD
Are most tape reactions ACD or ICD?
What chemical sensitivity found in someone with a systemic ACD to amino Phyllis etc (theophylline)
Most common cause of allergic shoe dermatitis
Most common sunscreen agent to cause photoallergic contact dermatitis
Oxybenzone (sunscreen UVA)
Number one flower that causes ACD in florists
What do you neutralize a hydroflouric acid burn with?
Calcium Gluconate (this acid can cause damage to your bones! It is that toxic and fast acting)
What do you neutralize a phenol peel with?
65% ethyl OR isopropyl alcohol
What systemic symptoms do you get with systemic absorption of a phenol peel?
Glomerulonephritis and cardiac arrhythmias (why you have to stay in the hospital overnight) crazy
Most common irritant contact derm in florists
Daffodil (Narcissus spp). *sidenote tulips are the most common ACD, not ICD
Which plants and fruits cause an irritant dermatitis with CALCIUM OXALATE
Pineapple (ananas comosus)
Dumb cane (dieffenbachia, house plant)
Which plant/fruit/veggie cause a chemical ICD with the irritant CAPSAICIN?
Family Solanacea (hot peppers)
What type of plant is in the family Alliacea?
Phytophotodermatitis is caused by which spectrum of light?
What two families of plants are culprits in Phytophotodermatitis?
*an Ape holding an Umbrella to shield it from the sun
Two families which are culprits in phytophotodermatitis
Name examples of plants in each family:
Alliacea - Garlic, onion, chives
Apiaceae - parsley parsnips, celary, hogweed
Anacardiacea - poison ivy, poison sumac, poison oak
Asteraceae/compositae - chrysanthemum, ragweed, sunflower
Alstroemeriacea - tulips, Lilly's
Garlic, onions, chives
Pineapple (Irritant is Bromelin
Daffodils (calcium oxalate irritant)
Phorbol esters (plant irritant) examples
Poinsettas, crotons, spurges
*in milky latex - can cause temporary blindness if latex contacts eye