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Flashcards in Contact Allergens Deck (154)
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1

Number one cause of eyelid dermatitis

Tosylamide (Nail product)

2

Fabric finisher causing clothing dermatitis

Formaldehyde

3

Clothing dye causing clothing dermatitis

Disperse dyes 106 and 124

4

Cause of perianal contact dermatitis

Lidocaine preservatives (MCI/MI)

5

MCI/MI

A preservative in lidocaine which is a common cause of perianal dermatitis

6

Shoe ADHESIVE that causes shoe dermatitis

Colophony

7

Rubber accelerator that causes shoe dermatitis

Mercaptobenzothiazole (most common!) this is a rubber accelerator

8

Leather that causes shoe dermatitis

Chromates

9

Most common substance in occupational ACD

Rubber

10

Are most tape reactions ACD or ICD?

ICD

11

What chemical sensitivity found in someone with a systemic ACD to amino Phyllis etc (theophylline)

Ethylenediamine

12

Most common cause of allergic shoe dermatitis

Mercaptobenzothiazole (MBT)

13

Most common sunscreen agent to cause photoallergic contact dermatitis

Oxybenzone (sunscreen UVA)

14

Number one flower that causes ACD in florists

Tulips

15

What do you neutralize a hydroflouric acid burn with?

Calcium Gluconate (this acid can cause damage to your bones! It is that toxic and fast acting)

16

What do you neutralize a phenol peel with?

65% ethyl OR isopropyl alcohol

17

What systemic symptoms do you get with systemic absorption of a phenol peel?

Glomerulonephritis and cardiac arrhythmias (why you have to stay in the hospital overnight) crazy

18

Most common irritant contact derm in florists

Daffodil (Narcissus spp). *sidenote tulips are the most common ACD, not ICD

19

Which plants and fruits cause an irritant dermatitis with CALCIUM OXALATE

Daffodils (narcissus)
Pineapple (ananas comosus)
Dumb cane (dieffenbachia, house plant)

20

Which plant/fruit/veggie cause a chemical ICD with the irritant CAPSAICIN?

Family Solanacea (hot peppers)

21

What type of plant is in the family Alliacea?

Garlic

22

Phytophotodermatitis is caused by which spectrum of light?

UVA +foucourcomarins

23

What two families of plants are culprits in Phytophotodermatitis?

Apiacea/Umbelliferae

*an Ape holding an Umbrella to shield it from the sun

24

Apiacea/Umelliferae

Two families which are culprits in phytophotodermatitis

25

Name examples of plants in each family:
Alliacea
Anacardiacea
Apiaceae
Asteraceae/Compositae
Alstroemeriacea

Alliacea - Garlic, onion, chives
Apiaceae - parsley parsnips, celary, hogweed
Anacardiacea - poison ivy, poison sumac, poison oak
Asteraceae/compositae - chrysanthemum, ragweed, sunflower
Alstroemeriacea - tulips, Lilly's


26

Alliaceae

Garlic, onions, chives

27

Ananas comosus

Pineapple (Irritant is Bromelin

28

Narcissus

Daffodils (calcium oxalate irritant)

29

Phorbol esters (plant irritant) examples

Poinsettas, crotons, spurges

*in milky latex - can cause temporary blindness if latex contacts eye

30

What irritant can cause temporary blindness?

Phorbol esters (poinsettas, spurges, crotons)