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Flashcards in Infectious/Fungal Deck (414)
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1

What is the rate of movement of the larva migrans in strongyloides (larva currens?)

5-10cm/h

2

Madura foot (Actinomycetoma) with grain color: white

Nocardia

3

Riettsialpox: bacteria and vector

R. akari & vector: mouse mite (Liponyssodies sanguineus)

4

Treatment for Rhinoscleroma

Cipro

5

Tick vector for Boutonneuse fever

Rhipicephalus sanguineus

6

Treatment for African sleeping sickness

Suramin Or Pentamidine

7

Lymphogranuloma venereum is caused by which bacteria

Chlamydia trachomatis

8

Vector of Epidemic Typhus

Body louse (Pediculosis humanus var. corporis)

9

Fever, arthritis, ulceration of the site of the bite, associated with rash, acral distribution

Ratbite/Haverhill fever (streptobacillus moniliformis)

10

Glossina spp.

Tsetse fly - vector in sleeping sickness (African trypanosomiasis)

11

What do you add to amphotericin B to help treat crypto?

Flucytosine

12

Describe the three leprosy reaction states and what you treat each with

Type 1 - reversal reaction (upgrading downgrading) - Steroids Type 2- E. Nodosum leprosum -Thalidomide Type 3 - Lucio reaction - vasculitis - Steroids

13

how many weeks after primary stage of syphilis does secondary stage happen?

9 weeks

14

Verruga paruana

The chronic stage of Oroya fever

15

First stage -indurated chancre, resolves, fevers, anular erythematous patches, posterior cervical lymphadenopathy, then second stage of daytime somnolence

Sleeping sickness (African Trypanosomiasis)

16

White islands in a sea of red

Dengue fever

17

Another name for Frambesia

Yaws

18

What does the hobo spider look like?

Herringbone striped pattern on the abdomen

19

Patient with TB gets a deep nodule over the cervical lymph node

Scrofuloderma (seen in a sensitized host with low immunity) *route is contiguous spread from underlying lymphadenitis

20

Most common organism causing Majocchis granuloma

T. Rubrum

21

what stage syphilis is the maculopapular rash?

second

22

What do you treat a Type II leprosy reaction state with?

Thalidomide

23

Bacteria causing Oroya fever

Bartonella bacilliformis

24

Gram stain "school of fish"

Haemophilus ducreyi (Chancroid)

25

Treatment for Tinea Capitis

Griseofulvin 25mg

26

What causes MRSA to be resistant?

(PBP2a) Altered penicillin binding protein. Resulting from the mecA gene

27

R. akari

Rickettsialpox

28

Which deep fungal infection resembles molluscum in an HIV patient?

Coccidiomycosis

29

Name the four conditions associated with Bartonella infection

1.Ororya fever (fever, hemolytic anemia) 2. Cat scratch disease (lymphadenitis after cat scratch) 3. Bacillary Angiomatosis (lots of PGs, in HIV pts) 4. Trench fever (relapsing fever, sore shins, back pain, transient rash)

30

inflammatory skin plaque in the urinary tract which turns into a weeping or polypoid mass

Malakoplakia