Counter Urbanisation Flashcards Preview

Geography- contemporary urban enviro > Counter Urbanisation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Counter Urbanisation Deck (10):

What is counter urbanisation

The movement of people out of the inner city into the surrounding villages and rural areas


What counter urbanisation caused by?

Improvements in transport means people can commute to work and better communications (eg internet access) allows people to work from home

People leave cities due to high property prices and overcrowding

Some people just prefer quieter rural areas

Perceived benefits of quality of life in rural enviros


Process of urbanisation (5)

Belief that crime rates esp those inv violence/drugs are higher in urban enviromenrs

Educational attainment is lower / some inner urban environments

Rural locations are THOUFHT to have lower levels of air noise and visual pollution and have more open space

New technology has Increased opportunities to work from home ‘teleworking’ and ship from home using the Internet
This could be seen as pos+neg as it can allow people to live in rural areas m, away from work BUT stops social segregation

New roads and bypasses build following increased levels of personal mobility
Car ownership more then doubled since 1970


Effects of counter urbanisation (7)

Post offices and villages may close as smaller sphere of influence as people show in town

Local services such as primary schools may see as increase in numbers. Good- social cohesion. Bad- lower quality of teaching eg leic Kibsworth

Average income levels and average ages inc in rural areas- wealthier and older live in rural

Rural and urban becoming more alike- rural has community shopping centres

New estates may be built to cater for increased demand for homes in rural location. The consequence of this are this may not look attractive- NIMBY- community geek gone

Village communities may become divided between incomers and original inhabitants
Different groups w different experiences may feel different about certain issues

The demand for rural homes has led to increase in house prices and this means that less people can afford to live there- leading to segregation (neg)


Are established families
Parents 30s and 40s
School aged children


Established job- have income to move out to house

Perceive schools better- quieter and less crime

Parents of age to appreciate country side


Are young couples
20s something
Pre school child
Likely to counter urbanise


Nah not have income to travel so far to work esp w kid

More pubs and entertainment in urban


Are young professionals
20 something’s
No children
Likely to counter urbanise


Work - travelling may be expensive And may prefer urban areas- easier access and less isolated- and families can establish soon

There are more activities in urban areas

No commitment to fund schools


Are recently retired or semi retired couples
Children grown up and left home
Likely to counter urbanise


Payed off mortgage so have money and can afford

Like quieter life?

No children- commitment

Semi rural- access to services- doctors etc


Recent immigrants
Parents 25-35
School aged children
Likely to counter urbanise

Need to integrate- want to find similar community
Need employment- urban areas have more opportunities is city


Counter urbanisation is likely to lead to social and economic segregation???