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Geography- contemporary urban enviro > New Urban Landscapes > Flashcards

Flashcards in New Urban Landscapes Deck (13):

Name the 5 new urban landscapes

Gentrified areas

Cultural and heritage quarters

Town centre mixed developments

Edge cities

Fortress developments


What are gentrified areas

When an inner city area is regenerated by individuals

Improvements are made to the physical condition and new services are developed to meet the needs of new inhabitants


Pos effects of gentrification

Often have a large range of services eg shops and restaurants and contain high quality housing


Neg effects of gentrification

Original habitants see little benefit and often social cohesion and community spirit if lost

Poorer residents may be displaced as cost of living increases leading to social and ethnic segregation


Example of gentrified area

Eg London’s Porting Hill Portland Rd


What are cultural and heritage quarters

Distinct part of CBD but follow a theme

Can involve produce of culture/craft eg jewellery based good-> accessed and bought by public or on consumption of culture (theatre art galleries)

Heritage quarters could focus on history of area

Aim- regenerate old industrial sights which are detiviated due to deindustrialization by changing their function

Often developed by local councils to regenerate former industrial areas. They attracts visitors encouraging economic development and creating jobs.


Eg of cultural heritage quarters

Birmingham jewellery quarter


What are town centre ‘mixed developments’

The city centre includes more then just retailing. It’s a partial response to decentralisation

Aim is to make the CBD more attractive

Leisure and entertainment facilities eg theatre and cafe (concept of 24 hour city)

Residential land use- encourage city living for young professionals

Hotels and conference centres to attract more businesses to use CBD

Flagship national attractions

Aim= connect amnesties through predestination walkways to enable fill integration of these land uses

Land use is mixed

Developments are planned by local councils often w private investments


Eg of town mixed developments

Leicester Curve and Richard III Centre


What are edge cities

Self contained settlements- developed beyond boundaries and existing cities

Develop in accessible locations close to motorway intersections +/- airports-land is cheaper

No clear structure but often contain range of land use including large residential areas, retail and business parks

(This occurred in USA and now is common in the UK beyond the green bel)
It is a consequence of decentralisation

Often contain housing but most people travel to them for work or to use the services available

Developed in 1959s and 60s as car ownership increased


Example of edge city

London Canary Wharf


What are fortress developments

Usually high class residential areas (suburbs)

Shopping developments are often protected by gates, security cameras, high walls, guards,)

Likely to result in social segregation and inhabitants of these often lead completely diff lives from surrounding pop

Other less obscure techniques for security
Improved street lift
Speed bumps
Mosquito nets

Designed for a safe enviro for families but divisive- only the rich can afford to live there


Eg of fortress development

US embassy London