Countries 2 Flashcards Preview

Cultural Literacy > Countries 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Countries 2 Deck (500):
1

Romania: Sculptor

Constantin Brancusi

2

Poland: port

Gdansk (aka Danzig)

3

Scotland: Ancient name

Caledonia

4

South Africa: Executive Capital

Pretoria

5

Australia: Sydney airport

Kingsford Smith Airport

6

Turkey: President - 1923-1938

Kemal Ataturk

7

Uganda: Capital

Kampala

8

Chile: Poet

Pablo Neruda

9

Canada: Capital of Saskatchewan

Regina

10

Russia: "Great" Tsarina - 1762-1796

Catherine the Great

11

Ecuador: Capital

Quito

12

South Korea: Capital

Seoul

13

China: Industrial objective - 1956

Great Leap Forward

14

Sudan: Capital

Khartoum

15

Sri Lanka: Main export

Tea

16

Canada: NW Territory lake

Great Slave lake

17

Singapore: Capital

Singapore

18

Canada: Capital of Prince Edward Island

Charlottetown

19

Tanzania: National Park

Serengeti National Park

20

Columbia: Author

Gabriel Marquez

21

The only christian majority asian country

The Philippines

22

Canada: Second Largest City

Montreal

23

South Africa: Farmer

Boer

24

Russia: Soviet dictator - 1918-1924

Vladimir Lenin

25

China: longest river

Yangtze

26

China: Art of Furniture arranging

Feng Shui

27

Russia: News agency

Tass

28

South Africa: Heart transplant doctor

Dr. Christian Barnard

29

United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.): Capital

Abu Dhabi

30

Egypt: Christian sect

Coptic

31

Thailand: Peninsula

Malay Peninsula

32

Switzerland: Capital

Bern

33

Taiwan: Capital

Taipei

34

Chile: Mineral held in large deposits

Copper

35

Poland: Pianist and Prime Minister - 1919

Ignace Paderewski

36

China: Counting table

Abacus

37

Sweden: Buxom actress

Anita Ekberg

38

Surinam: Capital

Paramaribo

39

World's largest Peninsula

Arabian Peninsula

40

Sweden: Swedish nightingale

Jenny Lind

41

Canada: Largest City

Toronto

42

Russia: Soviet premier - 1984-1985

Constantine Chernyenko

43

Thailand: Northern City

Chang Mai

44

Ecuador: Islands

Galapagos Islands

45

Canada: Number of provinces

Ten

46

Egypt: Pharoh who fathered 160 children

Ramses II

47

Cuba: Castro's revolutionary aide

Che Guevera

48

Taiwan: Island

Formosa

49

South Africa: Provinces

Natal; Orang Free State; Transvaal; Cape

50

Turkey: Empires

Byzantine; Ottoman

51

China: Capital

Beijing (formerly Peking)

52

Denmark: Royalty

Queen Margarethe II

53

Vietnam: Southern capital

Ho Chi Minh City (former Saigon)

54

The Philippines: Marcos' wife - known for thousands of shoes

Imelda

55

South Africa: Female author

Nadine Gordimer

56

Canada: Capital of Quebec

Quebec City

57

The Philippines: Exiled and assassinated activist

Benigno Aquino

58

The Philippines: second largest religious group

Islam

59

Scotland: Jacobites supported him

Bonnie Prince Charlie

60

Turkey: Currency

Lira

61

The Vatican: Basilica

St. Peter's

62

Czech Republic: _The Bartered Bride_ composer

Bedrich Smetana

63

Switzerland: Male Psychiatrist

Carl Jung

64

Russia: Royal family

Romanov

65

Sweden: Capital

Stockholm

66

Saudi Arabia: Peninsula

Arabian Peninsula

67

Canada: Liberal prime minster after 1993

Jean Chretien

68

South Korea: Major city in the southeast

Pusan

69

Egypt: River

Nile

70

Tanzania: Mountain

Kilimanjaro

71

Canada: French-Canadian prime minister 1968-1979 and 1980-1984

Pierre Trudeau

72

Spain: Capital

Madrid

73

China: Chinese-American architect

I.M. Pei

74

Denmark: Copenhagen harbor figure

The Little Mermaid

75

Canada: Montreal University

Mcgill

76

Czech Republic: _New World Symphony_ or Bohemian composer

Antonin Dvorak

77

Egypt: Akhenaton's wife

Nefertiti

78

China: Head of government - 1976-1992

Deng Xiaoping

79

Canada: Largest Island

Baffin Island

80

Ukraine: Sea

Black Sea

81

Romania: Capital

Bucharest

82

Canada: Longest River

Mackenzie

83

Russia: Currency

Ruble

84

Egypt: Man who overthrew King Farouk - 1952

Abdul Nasser

85

Ecuador: Language

Spanish

86

Scotland: Steel Magnate and Philanthropist

Andrew Carnegie

87

Egypt: Pharoh who died at age 18 - c. 1350 BC

Tutankhamen

88

Scotland: Islands

Inner and Outer Hebrides; Orkney

89

Russia: Soviet premier - 1982-1984

Yuri Andropov

90

Columbia: Currency

Peso

91

Egypt: Canal

Suez

92

Saudi Arabia: King - 1964-1975

King Faisal

93

Portugal: Wine

Port

94

Scotland: Author who died in Samoa

Robert Louis Stevenson

95

South Africa: Female barefoot runner

Zola Budd

96

Chad: Capital

N'djamena

97

South Africa: Actress and dancer

Juliet Prowse

98

Zambia: former name

Northern Rhodesia

99

Turkey: Istanbul strait

Bosporus

100

Switzerland: Currency

Franc

101

South Africa: Indian Ocean port

Durban

102

Spain: Guitarist

Andres Segovia

103

Denmark: Peninsula

Jutland

104

South Africa: President 1984-1989

Pieter Botha

105

Denmark: Flag

Dannenbrog (world's oldest flag)

106

South Korea: President assassinated in 1979

Park Chung-Hee

107

Columbia: Drug cartels

Cali; Medellin

108

Ukraine: Mountains

Carpathians

109

Switzerland: Largest City

Zurich

110

Vietnam: Bay

Cam Ranh

111

Scotland: Hills

Lammermoors

112

South Korea: Symbol on flag

Yin and Yang

113

Spain: King Ferdinand's region of northeast Spain

Aragon

114

South Africa: Judicial Capital

Bloemfontein

115

Canada: National Anthem

O Canada

116

Venezuela: Currency

Bolivar

117

Sudan: Rivers

Nile; White Nile; Blue Nile

118

Uganda: Israeli raid city

Entebbe

119

Yugoslavia: Breakaway province

Kosovo

120

Surinam: Currency

Guilder

121

Chile: Revolutionary leader - 1817-23

Bernardo O'Higgins

122

China: Ancient philosopher

Confucius

123

Scotland: Robert I royal house

Bruce

124

China: Beijing temple

Temple of Heaven

125

Spain: Windmill region

La Mancha

126

Spain: Royalty names

Alfonso XIII; Phillip II

127

El Salvador: President 1980-82 and 1984-89

Jose Napolean Duarte

128

Sri Lanka: Language

Singhalese

129

Thailand: Religion

Buddhism

130

Vietnam: North Vietnam leader - 1945-1969

Ho Chi Minh

131

Portugal: Capital

Lisbon

132

Canada: Yukon gold rush area

Klondike

133

Switzerland: former name

Helvetia

134

Ukraine: Capital

Kiev

135

Switzerland: Philosopher

Jean Jacques Rousseau

136

Russia: Lenin's majority

Bolshevik

137

Chile: Capital

Santiago

138

Saudi Arabia: Islamic holy cities

Mecca; Medina

139

Russia: Russian president - 1999-

Vladimir Putin

140

Spain: _The Uprising of the 2nd of May_ painter

Francisco Goya

141

China: premier under Mao Tse-Tung

Chou Enlai

142

China: last emperor

Pu-Yi

143

Largest island in the Caribbean

Cuba

144

Thailand: Resort Island

Phuket

145

Sweden: Feast

Smorgasbord

146

Chile: Man who overthrew Allende

Augusto Pinochet

147

Sri Lanka: Former name

Ceylon

148

Senegal: Capital

Dakar

149

Romania: Mad King

Ludwig II

150

Sri Lanka: Author

Arthur C. Clarke

151

Spain: 16th century military adventurers

Conquistadores

152

China: site of world's largest McDonald's

Beijing

153

Denmark: Explorer

Vitus Bering

154

Scotland: City and breed of cattle

Aberdeen

155

Russia: Confederation

Commonwealth of Independent States

156

Egypt: Amenhotep III's son - 17th century BC

Akhenaton

157

South Africa: Martyred leader

Steven Biko

158

Russia: Dramatist

Nikolai Golgol

159

Wales: Welsh for William

Liam

160

Slovakia: Capital

Bratislava

161

Egypt: second largest city

Alexandria

162

China: Chinese-Amerian Sleuth

Charlie Chan

163

Costa Rica: Nobel Peace Prize - 1987

Oscar Arias Sanchez

164

Russia: built the Hermitage

Catherine the Great

165

Vietnam: South Vietnam leader - Nobel Peace Prize winner in 1973

Le Duc Tho

166

Sweden: Actor

Max Von Sydow

167

Vietnam: Gulf

Tonkin

168

Tanzania: Capital

Dodoma

169

South Africa: Nonviolence advocate and Nobel peace Price winner - 1984

Desmond Tutu

170

Thailand: Capital

Bangkok

171

Canada: "The Maple Syrup" province

Quebec

172

South Korea: President - 1948-1960

Syngman Rhee

173

The Philippines: Territorial governor - 1901

William Howard Taft

174

Poland: river

Vistula

175

Chile: Desert

Atacama

176

Spain: Indigenous people of Northern Spain

Basque

177

Russia: Soviet premier - 1964-1982

Leonid Brezhnev

178

Uganda: former dictator

Idi Amin

179

Russia: Breakaway republic

Chechnya

180

The Philippines: President - 1998 -

Joseph Estrada

181

Ireland: Kissing Stone

Blarney Stone

182

Poland: union

Solidarity

183

Turkey: Mountain

Mt. Ararat

184

Canada: Largest Province

Quebec

185

Switzerland: Rivers

Rhine; Rhone

186

Wales: Mineral found in large deposits

Slate

187

Spain: Southern port

Cadiz

188

Sweden: Prize fighter

Ingemar Johyansson

189

Switzerland: Long wooden horn

Alpinhorn

190

Spain: Last Moorish kingdom

Granada

191

South Africa: Mandela's former wife

Winnie Mandela

192

Cuba: Capital

Havana

193

Scotland: Cabinet maker

Duncan Fife

194

Russia: St. Petersburg river

Neva

195

Syria: President - 1971-2000

Hafez al-Assad

196

Egypt: Currency

Pound

197

Rwanda: Minority tribe

Tutsi

198

Spain: Islamic sect

Moors

199

Columbia: Capital

Bogota

200

Republic of the Congo: River

Congo

201

Rwanda: Capital

Kigali

202

Zimbabwe: Head of government - 1987-

Robert Mugabe

203

Scotland: Missionary in Africa and explorer

David Livingstone

204

Czech Republic: Capital

Prague

205

Romania: Gymnast

Nadia Comaneci

206

Poland: Composer and pianist

Frederic Chopin

207

South Korea: Allied invasion site

Inchon

208

Russia: Nobel Peace Prize winner - 1975

Andrei Sakharov

209

Poland: currency

Zloty

210

Scotland: Poet and songwriter

Robert Burns (Caledonia's poet)

211

Uzbekistan: Capital

Tashkent

212

China: second longest river

Yellow

213

Portugal: Atlantic island group

Azores

214

Saudi Arabia: Currency

Riyal

215

Rwanda: Majority tribe

Hutu

216

Sweden: Director

Ingmar Bergman

217

Ecuador: Second most widely spoken language

Quechuan

218

Turkey: Port and largest city

Istanbul (former Constantinople)

219

Romania: Mountains

Transylvanian Alps (Carpathians)

220

Largest country in Africa - 10th largest in world

Sudan

221

Thailand: Currency

Baht

222

Poland: Dance

Polonaise

223

Poland: Former capital

Krakow

224

second largest island in the Caribbean

Hispaniola

225

Yugoslavia: Capital

Belgrade

226

China: Beijing square

Tiananmen Square

227

Russia: Exiled author

Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

228

The Philippines: Volcano

Mt. Pinitubo

229

Scotland: Largest City

Glasgow

230

Uruguay: Currency

Peso

231

Turkey: "Magnificent" Ottoman ruler - 1520-1566

Suleiman the Magnificent

232

Tibet: Spiritual Leader

Dalai Lama (Nobel Peace Prize)

233

Tibet: Capital

Lhasa

234

Canada: Northern most island

Ellesmere Island

235

Cuba: Site of failed invasion - 1961

Bay of Pigs

236

Russia: Mad monk

Grigori Rasputin

237

Portugal: Currency

Escudo

238

Switzerland: Tennis player

Martina Hingis

239

Turkey: Peninsula

Gallipoli

240

Switzerland: Lakes

Lake Geneva; Lake Zurich

241

Ukraine: Peninsula

Crimea

242

Scotland: Royal house

Stuart

243

Canada: Alberta rodeo

Calgary Stampede

244

The Vatican: Capital

Vatican City

245

Croatia: Capital

Zagreb

246

Czech Republic: Region

Bohemia

247

China: Violent uprising - 1900

Boxer rebellion

248

Wales: Poet

Dylan Thomas

249

Costa Rica: President 1986-

Oscar Arias Sanchez

250

Vietnam: Capital

Hanoi

251

Sweden: Auto maker

Volvo

252

Tanzania: Language

Swahili

253

Canada: Capital of Newfoundland

St. John's

254

Russia: longest river

Volga (longest in europe)

255

Uzbekistan: Sea

Aral Sea

256

Sri Lanka: Capital

Columbo

257

Romania: Dictator deposed in 1989

Nikolae Ceausescu

258

South Africa: Cape Colony prime minister - 1898

Cecil Rhodes

259

Sweden: University

Uppsala

260

Switzerland: Zurich airport

Lugano

261

Sweden: Port and ship building center

Goteborg

262

Saudi Arabia: Capital

Riyadh

263

Romania: Royalty

Carol I; Carol II

264

Turkey: Byzantine Empire ruler - 527-565

Justinian I

265

Cuba: US Naval Base

Guantanamo Bay (Gitmo)

266

South Korea: Currency

Won

267

Dominican Republic: Capital

Santo Domingo

268

Denmark: Short story writer

Hans Christian Anderson

269

Denmark: Physicist

Niels Bohr

270

Scotland: Philosopher and historian

David Hume

271

Canada: Newfoundland air traffic control center

Gander

272

Sweden: Turnip

Rutabaga

273

Czech Republic: Prague Cathedral

St. Vitus

274

Denmark: Currency

Krone

275

Spain: Mediterranean islands

Balearic islands (Ibiza; Majorca)

276

Egypt: Capital and largest city

Cairo

277

largest city in Africa

Cairo

278

Scotland: Scottish "Robin Hood"

Rob Roy

279

Egypt: King 1932-1952

King Farouk

280

South Africa: Gold coin

Krugerrand

281

Russia: World's longest railroad

Trans Siberian Railroad

282

South Africa: Southern Cape

Cape of Good Hope

283

Chile: Currency

Peso

284

South Korea: Korean War armistice site - 1953

Panmunjom

285

Denmark: Astronomer

Tycho Brahe

286

Turkey: Istanbul shrine

Hagia Sophia

287

Surinam: Well known city

New Amsterdam

288

Chile: Salvador Allende's neice and author

Isabel Allende

289

Russia: Interim prime minister - ousted in 1917

Alexander Kerensky

290

Switzerland: Geographical districts

Cantons (23 total)

291

Spain: Fortified wine

Sherry

292

Ukraine: Chicken dish

Chicken Kiev

293

Turkey: River

Meander

294

Russia: Trans Siberian Railroad terminals

Moscow to Vladivostok

295

Canada: Capital of Ontario

Toronto

296

Sweden: Currency

Krona

297

Spain: Ferdinand and Isabella's daughter

Catherine of Aragon

298

Scotland: Naturalist

John Muir

299

Spain: Tourist coast

Costa del Sol

300

Spain: _Toledo_ artist

El Greco

301

Canada: Capital

Ottawa

302

Yugoslavia: President - 1998-2000

Slobodan Milosevic

303

China: Beijing central area

Forbidden city

304

Czech Republic: Leader during Prague Spring - 1968

Alexander Dubcek

305

Cuba: Former dictator - overthrown by Castro

Fulgencio Batista

306

Scotland: Pole tossing game

Caber tossing

307

Sierra Leone: Capital

Freetown

308

Poland: Astronomer

Nicolaus Copernicus

309

Ireland: Province with cycle of stories

Ulster

310

South Africa: Prime minister - 1993- and Nobel Peace Prize winner - 1993

Nelson Mandela

311

Russia: "Terrible Tsar" - 1547-1564

Ivan the Terrible

312

Scotland: River

Tay

313

Syria: Southern high ground - held by Israel

Golan Heights

314

Venezuela: River

Orinoco

315

Canada: Capital of Yukon Territory

Whitehorse

316

Canada: Alberta national park

Banff

317

Denmark: Ruling house

Orange

318

East Germany: Figure skater

Katarina Witt

319

Turkey: Lake

Lake Van

320

Scotland: Samuel Johnson's mentor

James Boswell

321

Portugal: Royal names

Alfonso; Pedro

322

Denmark: Overseas regions

Greenland and Faroe Islands

323

The Philippines: Female President - 1986-1992

Corazon Aquino (Benigno's wife)

324

Chad: Desert

Sahara

325

Ukraine: Nuclear power plant

Chernobyl

326

China: Chinese self defense

Kung fu

327

Spain: Conqueror of Moorish Valencia in 1091

El Cid

328

Spain: General

Francisco Franco

329

China: root

Ginseng

330

Spain: Cubist

Pablo Picasso

331

South Africa: Playwright

Athol Fugard

332

Russia: Triangular guitar

Balalaika

333

Canada: "The Cradle of the Waves" province

Prince Edward Island

334

Cuba: Head of government after 1959

Fidel Castro

335

Scotland: Inventors

James Watt and Alexander Graham Bell

336

Denmark: Philosopher

Soren Kierkegaard

337

Switzerland: Female Psychiatrist

Elisabeth Kubler-Ross

338

Canada: Game show host

Alex Trebek

339

Poland: Capital and largest city

Warsaw

340

The Philippines: Manila Bay Island

Corregidor

341

Denmark: Piano comic

Victor Borge

342

East Germany: Berlin Wall crossing point

Brandenburg Gate

343

China: major language dialects

cantonese and mandarin

344

Saudi Arabia: Saudi Arabia founder and king - 1925-1953

Ibn Saud

345

Egypt: largest pyramid

Khufu (aka Cheops)

346

Portugal: Dictator - 1933-1968

Antonio Salazar

347

Canada: Conservative prime minister 1984-1993

Brian Mulroney

348

Wales: Capital

Cardiff

349

Costa Rica: Capital and largest city

San Jose

350

Scotland: Botanist

David Douglas (Douglas Fir)

351

Cyprus: First president

Archbishop Makarios

352

Romania: Gymnastics coach

Bela Karolyi

353

Cuba: Brothers pitching major league baseball

Livan and Orlando Hernandez

354

China: largest city

Shanghai

355

South Korea: Female golfer

Se Ri Pak

356

Spain: Granada citadel

Alhambra

357

Canada: Capital of Northwest Territory

Yellowknife

358

Scotland: Highest mountain

Ben Nevis

359

Scotland: Robert Burns' love

Mary Campbell

360

Russia: Poet

Aleksandr Pushkin

361

Portugal: Wine valley

Douro

362

Portugal: River

Tagus

363

Canada: Banff lake

Lake Louise

364

South Africa: Legislative Capital

Cape Town

365

Poland: Union leader and president - 1990-1995

Lech Walesa (won Nobel Peace Prize)

366

South Korea: President - 1993-

Kim Dae Jung (Nobel Peace Prize)

367

South Africa: River

Orange

368

Saudi Arabia: King - 1975-1982

King Khalid

369

South Africa: Former segregation policy

Apartheid

370

South Africa: 19th century Boer leader

Paul Kruger

371

The Philippines: Former US naval base

Subic Bay

372

South Africa: Currency

Rand

373

Poland: Gdansk shipyard

Lenin Shipyard

374

"City of 1000 Spires"

Prague

375

Canada: Nova Scotia island

Cape Breton

376

Egypt: Dam

Aswan High Dam

377

Cuba: Castro's brother

Raul

378

Egypt: President after 1981

Hosni Mubarak

379

Egypt: 15th to 18th century AD dynasty

Mamluk

380

China: Egalitarian movement - 1966

Cultural Revolution

381

Uruguay: Capital

Montevideo

382

Tanzania: Former capital

Dar es Salaam

383

Russia: largest port

St. Petersburg

384

Zimbabwe: Capital

Harare (former Salisbury)

385

Spain: King

Juan Carlos

386

The Philippines: President - 1992-1998

Fidel Ramos

387

The Philippines: Deposed President

Ferdinand Marcos

388

Spain: Grand Inquisitor

Torquemada

389

The Philippines: Former US airbase

Clark

390

China: currency

Yuan

391

Somalia: Capital

Mogadishu

392

Canada: Female prime minister - 1993

Kim Campbell

393

China: youth military

Red Guard

394

Canada: Toronto Tower

CN (Canadian National) Tower

395

Russia: Soviet premier - 1953-1964

Nikita Kruschev

396

Sweden: Playwright

August Strindberg

397

Russia: Siberian lake

Lake Baikal (world's deepest)

398

Spain: French border mountains

Pyrenees

399

Vietnam: Site of French defeat - 1954

Dien Bien Phu

400

Egypt: Nobel Peace Prize winner - 1979

Anwar Sadat

401

Chile: Mountain

Aconcagua (with Argentina)

402

Russia: Soviet dictator - 1929-1953

Josef Stalin

403

Canada: British Columbian island

Vancouver Island

404

Columbia: Religion

Roman Catholic

405

Egypt: King Farouk's regin

1932-1952

406

Trinidad and Tobago: Capital

Port-of-Spain

407

Russia: Labor camp

Gulag

408

Scotland: Protestant leader

John Knox

409

Russia: "Great Tsar" - 1682-1725

Peter the Great

410

Switzerland: Protestant Reformer

John Calvin

411

Republic of the Congo: Capital

Kinshasa

412

Thailand: Royalty

King Bhumibol

413

Czech Republic: Male Tennis star

Ivan Lendl

414

China: ancient northern china

Cathay

415

Zimbabwe: former name

Rhodesia (after Cecil Rhodes)

416

China: Communist revolutionary leader

Mao Tse-tung

417

Wales: Actor

Richard Burton

418

Singapore: Famous hotel

Raffles (where Singapore Sling invented)

419

Vietnam: Central port

Da Nang

420

Spain: Islamic art

Moorish

421

Canada: Comedian and actor

Jim Carrey

422

East Germany: Capital

East Berlin

423

Turkey: Istanbul inlet

Golden Horn

424

Russia: Jewelled egg maker

Faberge

425

Dominican Republic: Island

Hispaniola

426

Vietnam: Rivers

Mekong; Red River

427

Zambia: Capital

Lusaka

428

Singapore: Currency

Dollar

429

China: Current Premier

Jiang Zamin

430

Russia: Father of soviet H bomb

Andrei Sakharov

431

Ukraine: Plains

Steppes

432

The Vatican: chapel

Sistine chapel

433

Russia: Capital and largest City

Moscow

434

Wales: Welsh for James

Iago

435

Switzerland: The "Gnomes of Zurich"

Bankers

436

Scotland: Capital

Edinburgh

437

Egypt: President - 1970-1981

Anwar Sadat

438

East Germany: Dividing wall

Berlin Wall

439

Cyprus: Mythical King

Pygmalion

440

Tanzania: Union of these former countries

Tanganyika and Zanzibar

441

Denmark: Copenhagen amusement park

Tivoli Gardens

442

Cuba: World high jump record holder

Javier Satomayer

443

Sweden: Royal names

Christina; Oscar; Carl Gustav

444

Scotland: Dance

Highland Fling

445

South Korea: Dividing parallel to the north

38th parallel

446

Sweden: Assassinated leader

Olaf Palm

447

Syria: Capital

Damascus

448

Sweden: Diplomat who saved 100 thousand during holocaust

Raoul Wallenberg

449

The Philippines: Luzon peninsula (WWII battle site)

Bataan

450

Denmark: Author

Isak Dineson (Karen Blixen)

451

Romania: Nomadic people

Gypsies

452

China: Desert

Gobi

453

Spain: Cellist

Pablo Casals

454

Chile: Marxist president - 1970-73

Salvador Allende

455

Scotland: Tea Magnate

Sir Thomas Lipton

456

Spain: National sport

Bull fighting

457

Surinam: Former name

Dutch Guyana

458

El Salvador: Capital

San Salvador

459

Portugal: Instructor to future explorers

Prince Henry the Navigator

460

Canada: Nova Scotia ship builder

Cunard - founded 1787

461

Chile: Pacific island

Easter Island (Papa Nui)

462

Spain: Queen Isabella's region of central Spain

Castile

463

Spain: Mediterranean port - capital of Catalonia

Barcelona

464

Surinam: Mountains

Wilhelmina Mountains

465

Sweden: Botanist

Carolus Linnaeus (taught at Uppsala)

466

Spain: Central mountains

Sierra Nevada

467

Thailand: Former name

Siam

468

Russia: Last Romanov Tsar - 1894-1918

Nicholas II

469

Spain: Spanish fleet - 1588

Spanish Armada

470

Russia: Flag colors

Red white and blue

471

Canada: Snowbird singer

Anne Murray

472

Turkey: Capital

Ankara

473

Canada: Currency

Dollar

474

Sri Lanka: Minority separatists

Tamils

475

Russia: Russian president - 1991-1999

Boris Yeltsin

476

Spain: Currency

Peseta

477

South Africa: Prime minister 1989-1993 and Nobel Peace Prize winner - 1993

F.W. DeKlerk

478

Cyprus: Capital

Nicosia

479

Chile: Southern island

Tierra del Fuego

480

Russia: Soviet premier - 1985-1991

Mikhail Gorbachev (Nobel Peace Prize - 1990)

481

Saudi Arabia: King - 1982-

King Fahd

482

Spain: Dialect of northern Spain

Catalan

483

Yugoslavia: Republics

Serbia; Montenegro

484

Canada: Nova Scotia French area

Acadia

485

Venezuela: Capital

Caracas

486

Turkey: Istanbul Mosque

The Blue Mosque

487

China: Dynasty 1368-1644

Ming Dynasty

488

Ukraine: Horse soldier

Cossack

489

Spain: Peninsula

Iberia

490

Ecuador: Currency

Sucre

491

Russia: former newspaper

Pravda (truth)

492

Scotland: "Brave Hearted" leader

William Wallace

493

Switzerland: Mountain

Matterhorn

494

Sweden: 1970s singing group

ABBA

495

Czech Republic: Female Tennis star

Martina Navratilova

496

Czech Republic: President 1992-93 - 1993-

Vaclav Haval

497

South Africa: National park

Kruger National park

498

Spain: 13th to 15th century tribunal

Inquisition

499

Denmark: Capital and Largest City

Copenhagen

500

Canada: Capitals named for Queen Victoria

Victoria and Regina