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Flashcards in US History Deck (234):
1

Pennsylvania flood of 1889

Johnstown flood

2

Party of the first two presidents

Federalist

3

He organized the U.S. Communist Party in 1919

John Reed

4

They participated in the "Kitchen Debate" - 1959

Richard Nixon and Nikita Khrushschev

5

Father of the Great Awakening - fire and brimstone preacher

Jonathan Edwards

6

"The Great Compromiser;" he negotiated the Treaty of Ghent

Henry Clay

7

He funneled arms sales profits to Nicaraguan Contras

Oliver North

8

Rock concert at Bethyl - New York - 1969

Woodstock

9

Utah point where the transcontinental railroad met

Promontory Point

10

He launched first liquid fuel rocket - 1926

Robert Goddard

11

Tennessee senator who held organized crime hearings - 1951

Estes Kefauver

12

Transportation route - completed 1869

Transcontinental Railroad

13

Statue that was dedicated in 1886

Statue of Liberty

14

Base on the Moon - 1969

Tranquility Base

15

Land purchase - 1867 - a.k.a. Seward's Folley

Alaska Territory (7.2M)

16

He was 14-year-old U.S. chess champion in 1957

Bobby Fischer

17

City of the Great Fire - 1871

Chicago

18

"Old Fuss and Feathers;" he captured Mexico City in 1847

Winfield Scott

19

Voting league established - 1928

League of Women Voters

20

US land purchase of 1803

Louisiana purchase (15M)

21

He established the first auto assembly line - 1913

Henry Ford

22

Man-made waterway that opened in 1825

Erie Canal

23

Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) party

Prohibition party

24

William Howard Taft's policy toward Latin America

Dollar Diplomacy

25

First legislature in Virginia - 1619

House of Burgesses

26

U.S. capital from 1775-1783

Philadelphia

27

What was the first permanent settlement in North America - 1565?

St. Augustine

28

Computer used by U.S. Census Bureau - 1951

UNIVAC

29

First computer - 1950

ENIAC

30

"The Pathfinder" who was governor of the Arizona Territory

John C. Fremont

31

_Time_ magazine editor involved with Alger Hiss

Whitaker Chambers

32

1896 William Jennings Bryan Speech

"Cross of Gold"

33

Law that opened up governemnt files - 1966

Freedom of Information Act

34

Gun bill named for White House press secretary

Brady Bill

35

Northwest land dispute motto - 1844

"54-40 or fight"

36

1820 compromise that temporarily ended slavery dispute

Missouri Compromise

37

First president under the Articles of Confederation

John Hanson

38

Man given the correct answers to quiz show questions

Charles Van Doren

39

First U.S. nuclear powered submarine - 1954

Nautilus

40

Teddy Roosevelt's independent party

Progressive or Bull Moose Party

41

1894 rail workers strike

Pullman Strike

42

Great Robbery of 1950

Brinks robbery

43

Political party established by Henry Clay and Daniel Webster

Whigs

44

News program established to cover Iran hostage crisis

Nightline

45

He directed the Watergate Hotel burglary

E. Howard Hunt

46

Pilgrim known as "Little Shrimp"

Miles Standish

47

He broke the sound barrier in 1947

Chuck Yeager

48

He raided Harpers' Ferry - 1859

John Brown

49

Generation that followed baby boomers

"Generation X"

50

Puritan husband of Maria Cotton

Increase Mather

51

Chicago to L.A. highway; "Main Street of America"

Route 66

52

Pocahontas' father

Powhattan

53

"Paper note party"

Greenbacks

54

Analyst who leaded the Pentagon Papers

Daniel Ellsberg

55

Number of days of the Iran hostage crisis

444

56

Boston hall - "The Cradle of Liberty"

Faneuil Hall

57

John Adams' cousin and Boston Tea Party organizer

Samuel Adams

58

Army Chief of Staff - 1948

Omar Bradley (last five star general)

59

He led unsuccessful slave rebellion - 1831

Nat Turner

60

Nightclub comedian arrested for obscenity - 1961

Lenny Bruce

61

Wyoming oil leasing scandal - 1923

Teapot Dome Scandal

62

This became an American territory in 1978

American Samoa

63

He set around-the-world flying record - 1938

Howard Hughes

64

Pirate who aided in Battle of New Orleans

Jean Lafitte

65

Ads banned - 1971

Cigarette ads

66

Site where gold was discovered in1848

Sutter's Mill

67

Tennessee frontiersman killed at Alamo

Davy Crockett

68

"Separate - but equal" Supreme Court Decision - 1896

Plessy vs. Ferguson

69

Man who burned the Philadelphia in Tripoli harbor - 1804

Stephen Decatur

70

He broadcast "The War of the Worlds" in 1938

Orson Welles

71

Mail delivery service - 1860-61

Pony Express

72

Baseball scandal 1919-20

"Black Sox" Scandal

73

Five-time Socialist presidential candidate - starting 1900

Eugene Debs

74

Bus boycott city - 1955

Montgomery

75

Langtree - Texas judge - "The law west of the Pecos"

Judge Roy Bean

76

Louisiana Purchase explorers of northern territory

Meriwether Lewis and William Clark

77

"Saloon Smasher " 1910

Carry Nation

78

Man who captured New Orleans in 1815

Andrew Jackson

79

Designer of the American Flag

Francis Hopkins

80

Territory bought from Mexico in 1853

Gadsden Purchase

81

He purchased Manhattan from the Indians

Peter Minuit

82

Louisiana Purchase explorer of southern territory

Zebulon Pike (Pike's peak)

83

American Railway Union founder - 1893

Eugene Debs

84

Tombstone - AZ - marshall - 1881

Wyatt Earp

85

Colonial seamstress

Betsy Ross

86

Colonial silversmith - engraver and gunpowder maker

Paul Revere

87

Agency created to prevent unfair business practices - 1914

Federal Trade Commission

88

Ship that exploded in Havana Harbor in 1898

Maine

89

Colonial capital of Virginia

Williamsburg

90

Settlers trapped in Sierra Madres - 1846-47

Donner Party

91

Georgia founder

James Oglethorpe

92

Major police strike - 1919

Boston police strike

93

Oil artery finished in 1977

Alaska pipeline

94

Peace agreement worked out by President Carter - 1979

Camp David Accords

95

Group of dams built as part of the New Deal

Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)

96

"The boss of Tammany Hall" in the 1860s

(William Marcy) "Boss" Tweed

97

Site of first postwar atomic bomb test in 1946

Bikini Atoll

98

Famous Tombstone - AZ - gunfight - 1881

Gunfight at the OK Corral

99

William Clark's fronteirsman brother

George Rogers Clark

100

Pacific site of first H-bomb test -1951

Eniwetoc

101

First constitution - Nov. 15 - 1777

Articles of Confederation

102

Massachusetts colony - 1620

Plymouth

103

U.S. capital from 1789-1790

New York City

104

Harriet Beecher Stowe's preacher brother

Henry Ward Beecher

105

Congressional act giving land to settlers - 1862

Homestead Act

106

"The Son of Morning Star" who died at Little Big Horn

George Armstrong Custer

107

Site of nuclear power accident - 1979

Three Mile Island

108

U.S. capital - 1783

Annapolis

109

Roadway across the Appalachians

Cumberland Road

110

States fighting in the Toledo war

Ohio and Michigan

111

Pre-Revolutionary War patriotic societies

Sons of Liberty

112

Disaster that killed 6000 in 1900

Galveston Hurricane

113

1854 act that nullified Missouri Compromise

Kansas-Nebraska act

114

Statesman convicted of lying to HUAC - 1948

Alger Hiss

115

Beaumont - Texas oil field

Spindle Top Field

116

First U.S. steamship commander - he negotiated a trading treaty with Japan in 1853

Commodore Matthew Perry

117

American pilot exchanged for Soviet spy Rudolph Abel

Francis Gary Powers

118

Continental Congress last president

Cyrus Griffin

119

Railroads that met at Promontory Point

Union Pacific and Central Pacific

120

LBJ's social program

Great Society

121

San Antonio shrine of Texas War of Independence

Alamo

122

Law that banned export of alcohol - 1919

Volsted Act

123

Disease first recognized in Philadelphia - 1976

Legionaire's Disease

124

Commission that presided over Iran-Contra hearings

Tower Commission

125

New England religious revival - 1730-1750

Great Awakening

126

Dutch governor of New Netherlands

Peter Stuyvesant

127

Chicago riots - 1886

Haymarket riots

128

Man Pocahontas saved

John Smith

129

Nuclear weapons treaty of 1963

Test Ban Treaty

130

Eli Whitney's invention - 1791

Cotton gin

131

Company given 1.5 billion governemnt bailout in 1973

Chrysler

132

Supreme Court anti-segregation decision - 1954

Brown vs. Board of Education

133

Territory of states in the Ohio Valley and northward

Northwest Territory

134

White House lawyer caught up in Watergate

John Dean

135

Treaty that ended Mexican-American War

Treaty of Guadeloupe Hidgalgo

136

First U.S. underwater tunnel - 1927

Holland Tunnel

137

U.S. gold repository - established in 1935

Fort Knox

138

Diplomatic incident with France in 1797

XYZ affair

139

Supreme court decision - 1857 (a slave is not a citizen)

Dred Scott Decision

140

Virginia colony - 1607

Jamestown

141

Commission set up to investigate JFK assassination

Warren Commission

142

Feuding families of West Virginia and Kentucky - 1882

Hatfields and McCoys

143

Pocahontas' burial place

Gravesend Church - England

144

Massachusetts farmers rebellion of 1786

Shays' Rebellion

145

Banker whose conviction was overturned in 1993

Charles Keating

146

Member of the Weavers and political activist

Pete Seeger

147

Head of committee investigating Watergate

Sam Irvin

148

It rang for the last time in 1835

Liberty Bell

149

Street clash that killed five colonists in 1770

Boston Massacre

150

Harding pardoned this Socialist in 1921

Eugene Debs

151

Case declared unconstitutional by Supreme court in 1803

Marberry vs. Madison

152

Militia who had an 81 day standoff with the U.S. government - 1996

Montana Freemen

153

American Frigate launched in Boston - 1797

USS Constitution (Old Ironsides)

154

Liquor tax rebellion of 1794

Whiskey Rebellion

155

He founded the Bank of America - 1791

Alexander Hamilton

156

Sex researcher at Indiana University - 1948

Alfred Kinsey

157

Secretary of Interior convicted of taking bribes - 1929

Albert Fall

158

Trade agreement ratified in 1993

NAFTA

159

Fort bombed by British in 1814

Fort McHenry

160

J.F. Dulles' brother and head of the CIA

Allen Dulles

161

Cities of Martin Luther King's 1965 Freedom March

Selma to Montgomery

162

Winner of the Battle of Lake Erie in 1813

Oliver Hazard Perry

163

Oil baron who was first billionaire in the U.S.

J.D. Rockefeller

164

Man who created first state board of education

Horace Mann

165

Boston to New York road established in 1672

Boston Post Road

166

Act passed by British Parliament in 1763

Stamp Act

167

Law that banned closed union shops - 1948

Taft-Hartley Act

168

Doctor defended by F. Lee Bailey before the Supreme Court in 1962

Sam Shepard

169

War that commenced in 1898

Spanish-American War

170

Louisiana senator shot - 1935

Huey Long

171

Birthplace of the Conestoga wagon

Lacaster - PA

172

He instituted the national banking system

Salmon P. Chase

173

1912 health claims act

Pure Food and Drug Act

174

Man who claimed Virginia for England

Sir Walter Raleigh

175

Nixon's attorney-general who resigned in1972

John Mitchell

176

He married Pocahontas

John Rolfe

177

Fort Orange location

Albany

178

1890 trust busting act

Sherman anti-trust act

179

Increase Mather's son

Cotton Mather

180

Virginia namesake

Queen Elizabeth I (The Virgin Queen)

181

Dutch settlement in the Americas - 1624

New Netherlands

182

"Ignorant party"

Know Nothings

183

Boston night club fire in which 491 people were killed - 1942

Coconut Grove

184

New York City's original name

New Amsterdam

185

Date of the stock market crash

October 29 - 1929 ("Black Tuesday")

186

Nixon's White House Chief of Staff

H.R. Haldeman

187

First pilgrim at Plymouth Rock and colonial barrel maker

John Alden

188

Document established in 1787

U.S. Constitution

189

Volcano that erupted in 1980

Mt. St. Helens

190

Railroad "robber baron" who organized U.S. Steel in 1901

J.P. Morgan

191

Air quality standards act of 1970

Clean Air Act

192

"Hollywood Ten" spokesman

Humhrey Bogart

193

First English colony in the Americas - 1588

Roanoke Island

194

Colonial legislature established in 1774

First continental Congress

195

FDR established this holiday in 1933

Bank Holiday

196

"Hollywood Ten" were investigated by this committee

HUAC

197

1815 treaty that officially ended the War of 1812

Treaty of Ghent (Belgium)

198

Failed Cuban invasion site - 1961

Bay of Pigs

199

High school integration city - 1957

Little Rock

200

Spring - 1968 - North Vietnam offensive

Tet Offensive

201

Providence and Rhode Island founder

Roger Williams

202

Laws enacted for segregation in the 1880s

Jim Crow laws

203

World Trade agreement ratified 1994

GATT

204

Bill intended to balance U.S. budget - 1985

Grahan-Rudman (Hollings)

205

Post WWII generation

"Baby Boomers"

206

Man who wrote _Star Spangled Banner_ in 1814

Francis Scott Key

207

Short-lived U.S. state in western Tennessee

Franklin

208

U.S. declined to join this body in 1920

League of Nations

209

FDR's 1933 program to end the depression

New Deal

210

Maryland founder

Cecil Calvert (second Lord Baltimore)

211

Disaster that killed 500 - 1906

San Francisco earthquake

212

He chased Pancho Villo into Mexico

John (Black Jack) Pershing

213

Body representing the colonies - 1774-1789

Continental Congress

214

He won the Battle of Manila Bay - 1898

Commodore George Dewey

215

First governor of Plymouth - died during first winter

John Carver

216

Commander at the Alamo - 1836

William Travis

217

Kentucky frontiersman - 1775

Daniel Boone

218

Tennessee trial on teaching evolution in schools - 1925

Scopes (monkey) trial

219

Detroit founder

Antoine Cadillac

220

Name of the Apollo 11 space capsule

Eagle

221

Philadelphia founder

William Penn

222

Knife inventor killed at the Alamo

Jim Bowie

223

Doctrine warning Europe not to interfere in Western Hemisphere - 1823

Monroe Doctrine

224

Continental Congress president - 1775-1777

John Hancock

225

Pony Express Terminals

St. Joseph - MO and Sacramento - CA

226

Admiral indicted over Iran-Contra affair

John Poindexter

227

Idaho site of FBI standoff - 1992

Ruby Ridge

228

British acts legislated because of the Boston Tea Party

Intolerable Acts

229

Central US banking authority created in 1913

Federal Reserve System

230

Statesman awarded Nobel Peace Prize - 1945

Cordell Hull

231

Environmental act of 1973

Engangered Species Act

232

Virginia rebellion - 1676

Bacon's rebellion

233

Plymouth father - elected Plymouth governor 30 times

William Bradford

234

He debated with Abe Lincoln - 1858

Stephen Douglas