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Flashcards in Explorers Discoverers Inventors Deck (161):
1

Invented Electric toaster

General Electric Labs

2

Discovered Radium

Marie and Pierre Curie

3

Invented Geometry

Euclid

4

Invented Liquid-fueled rocket

Robert Goddard

5

Explored southern Louisiana Purchase territory

Zebulon Pike

6

Invented Microscope (compound)

Zacharias Janssen

7

Invented Artificial heart

Robert Jarvik

8

Discovered Cells

Robert Hooke

9

Invented Movable type

Johann Gutenberg

10

British explorer of Antarctic

James Ross

11

Discovered Uranus

Sir William Herschel

12

Invented Safety razor

King Gillette

13

Englishman who discovered Australia and Hawaii

James Cook

14

Discovered Speech center of the brain

Paul Broca

15

Discovered oral polio vaccine

Albert Sabin

16

Discovered Penicillin

Alexander Fleming

17

Invented Elevator

Elisha Otis

18

Englishman who discovered world's 5th largest island

William Baffin

19

Invented Fountain pen

Lewis Waterman

20

Invented Aqua-lung

Jacques Cousteau

21

Discovered Cure for smallpox

Edward Jenner

22

Invented Airplane

Wright brothers

23

Invented Revolver

Samuel Colt

24

Invented Loom

Joseph Marie Jacquard

25

Discovered Oxygen

Joseph Priestly

26

Frenchman who founded Montreal and chartered St. Lawrence River

Jacques Cartier

27

Invented Air conditioner

Willis Carrier

28

Invented Hamburger

Salisbury

29

Invented Dynamite

Alfred Nobel

30

Invented Television iconoscope

Vladimir Zworykin

31

Invented Magnifying glass

Roger Bacon

32

Invented Food freezing

Clarence Birdseye

33

Invented Zipper

Whitcomb Judson

34

Discovered Cause of syphilis

August von Wassermann

35

Explored northern Louisiana Purchase territory

Lewis and Clark

36

Invented Compression-ignition engine

Rudolf Diesel

37

Invented Thermometer (open column)

Galileo

38

Portuguese explorer and first to reach India

Vasco de Gama

39

Invented Electric coil

Stanley

40

Invented Sewing machine

Elias Howe

41

Discovered Pluto

Clyde Tombaugh

42

Invented Cylinder locks

Linus Yale

43

Invented Mechanical grain reaper

Cyrus McCormick

44

Explorer of northwest Canada

Alexander Mackenzie

45

Invented Machine Gun

Richard Gatling

46

Discovered Moons of Jupiter

Galileo

47

Invented Phonograph

Thomas Edison

48

Speke's colleague - spoke 29 languages

Sir Richard Burton

49

Danish explorer of Alaska and namesake strait

Vitus Bering

50

Discovered Neptune

Johann Galle

51

Spaniard who discovered the Mississippi River

Hernando de Soto

52

Invented Gyroscope

Leon Foucault

53

Invented Submachine gun

John Thompson

54

First to sail into New York harbor

Giovanni da Verrazano

55

Discovered Electrical resistance laws

George Ohm

56

Invented Paper

Cai Lun

57

Invented Thermometer (mercury)

Gabriel Fahrenheit

58

First to set foot on U.S. mainland (Florida)

Ponce de Leon

59

Invented Motion picture machine

Thomas Edison

60

Invented Calculus

Sir Isaac Newton

61

Invented Wireless

Guglielmo Marconi

62

Incan Conqueror and explorer of Peru

Francisco Pizarro

63

Explorer of the Gambia and Niger Rivers

Mungo Park

64

Invented Scissors

Leonardo da Vinci

65

Invented Telescope (reflecting)

Sir Isaac Newton

66

Englishman who discovered source of the Nile (disputed)

John Speke

67

Norse explorer of northeast North America - Eric the Red's son

Leif Erickson

68

Portuguese discoverer of Brazil

Pedro Cabral

69

Discovered Theory of Relativity

Albert Einstein

70

Frenchmen who explored the length of Mississippi River

Marquette and Joliet

71

Invented Electric razor

Jacob Schick

72

Invented Bifocal lens

Benjamin Franklin

73

Discovered Cause of Yellow Fever

Walter Reed

74

Invented Telegraph

Samuel Morse

75

Invented IQ test

Alfret Binet

76

Invented Mimeograph

A.B. Dick

77

Invented Dirigible airship

Ferdinand von Zeppelin

78

Invented Kodak camera (hand-held)

George Eastman

79

Invented English derby hat

Bowler

80

Invented Adding machine

Blaise Pascal

81

Invented Railroad sleeping car

George Pullman

82

Venetian who explored Asia

Marco Polo

83

The Father of New France - founded Quebec

Samuel de Champlain

84

Frenchman who explored the southern Mississippi River

Sieur de la Salle

85

Invented Hybrid popcorn

Orville Redenbacher

86

Discovered Insulin

Banting and Best

87

Discovered DNA

Francis Crick and James Watson

88

Discovered Rabies vaccine

Louis Pasteur

89

Invented Ink blot test

Herman Rorschach

90

Invented Transistor

Bell Telephone Labs

91

Invented Steam engine

James Watt

92

Invented Telescope (astronomical)

Galileo

93

Norwegian who first navigated Northwest passage

Roald Amundsen

94

Discovered Fermentation

Louis Pasteur

95

Invented Barometer

Evangelistra Torricelli

96

Invented Cyclotron

Ernest O. Laurence

97

Invented Microscope (electron)

Vladimir Zworykin

98

First to fly over the North Pole

Richard Byrd and Floyd Bennett

99

Invented Electric motor

Michael Faraday

100

Invented helicopter (single rotor)

Igor Sikorsky

101

Dutchman who explored the Pacific

Abel Tasman

102

Invented Outboard engine

Ole Evinrude

103

Discovered Photo-electric effect

Albert Einstein

104

Invented Electric lamp

Thomas Edison

105

John Cabot's son who explored Rio de la Plata

Sebastian Cabot

106

Italian explorer who discovered Newfoundland

John Cabot

107

Invented Contact lenses

Frick

108

Invented Gas burner

Robert Bunsen

109

First to reach North Pole - 1909

Robert Peary and Matthew Henson

110

Invented Computer concept

Charles Babbage

111

First person given credit for sailing around the world

Ferdinand Magellan

112

Explorer of American southwest; searched for 7 cities of Cibola

Francisco de Coronado

113

Discovered X-Ray imaging

Wilhelm Roentgen

114

Invented Earthquake intensity device

Charles Richter

115

Discovered Laws of genetics

Gregor Mendel

116

Discovered Nucleus of the atom

Ernest Rutherford

117

Invented Storage battery

Alessandro Volta

118

Invented Vulcanized rubber

Charles Goodyear

119

Invented AC generator

Nicoli Tesla

120

Discovered Antibodies

Louis Pasteur

121

Invented Grape Juice

Thomas Welch

122

First Englishman to sail around the world

Sir Francis Drake

123

Competitor of Amundsen - died after reaching the South Pole

Robert Scott

124

Invented Refrigerator car

Gustavis Swift

125

Invented Motion picture camera

Lumiere brothers

126

Invented Blind reading system

Louis Braille

127

Machu Picchu discoverer

Hiram Bingham

128

Invented Instant (Polaroid) camera

Edwin Land

129

Portuguese discoverer of California

Juan Cabrillo

130

Discoverer of the New World

Christopher Columbus

131

German naturalist who explored the Orinoco

Friedrich Humboldt

132

Invented Screw

Archimedes

133

Invented Spark plug

Albert Champion

134

Invented Photographic film

George Eastman

135

Invented Air brakes

George Westinghouse

136

Invented Telescope

Hans Lippershey

137

Discovered Hydrostatics

Archimedes

138

First to reach South Pole - 1911

Roald Amundsen

139

Discovered Polio vaccine

Jonas Salk

140

Discovered the Great Salt Lake

Jim Bridger

141

Norse explorer who first reached Greenland

Eric the Red

142

Aztec conqueror

Hernando Cortez

143

First explorer to see the Pacific Ocean

Vasco Nunez de Balboa

144

Italian map maker/explorer who coined the term "New World"

Amerigo Vespucci

145

Invented Lightning rod

Benjamin Franklin

146

Discovered Structure of the atom

Neils Bohr

147

First to fly over the South Pole

Richard Byrd

148

Invented Rotary engine

Felix Wankel

149

Invented Eye chart

Snellen

150

Discovered Expanding Universe

Edwin Hubble

151

Invented Steel making process

Sir Henry Bessemer

152

First to go around the Cape of Good Hope

Bartolomeu Dias

153

Invented Dynamo

Michael Faraday

154

Discovered Bacteria

Anton van Leeuwenhoek

155

Invented Neon lights

George Claude

156

Discovered Electromagnetic or radio waves

Heinrich Hertz

157

Discovered Cause of tuberculosis and cholera

Robert Koch

158

Scottish medical missionary to Africa

David Livingstone

159

First Englishman to reach Australia

William Dampier

160

Invented Telephone

Alexander Graham Bell

161

Invented Alternator

Chrysler Corporation