Human Body Flashcards Preview

Cultural Literacy > Human Body > Flashcards

Flashcards in Human Body Deck (130):
1

Tube traveling from the throat to inner ear

Eustachian tube

2

Fluid in womb

Amniotic fluid

3

Front thigh muscle

Quadriceps

4

Hemisphere of brain containing musical - artistic aptitudes

Right hemisphere

5

Fertilized egg

Zygote

6

Body's largest vein

Vena cava (major)

7

Material that attaches tendons to bones

Cartilage

8

Helical structure material

DNA

9

Wrist bones

Carpels

10

Back upper arm muscle

Triceps

11

These join to form veins

Venules

12

Brain's nerve cells

Neurons

13

Normal number of adult teeth

32

14

Shoulder muscles

Deltoids

15

Blood protein

Globulin

16

Hallux

Big toe

17

Gustatory organs

Taste buds

18

Free-moving cell

Corpuscle

19

Tympanic membrane

Ear drum

20

Gland that regulates metabolism

Thyroid

21

Lower jaw bone

Mandible

22

Shoulder blade

Scapula

23

Tissue that connects bones

Ligaments

24

Nerve connecting eye to brain

Optic nerve

25

Renal cortex gland

Kidney

26

Spiral passages of the ear

Cochlea

27

Protrusions that transfer oxygen in lungs

Alveoli

28

Sensory - motor - and associative covering layer of the brain

Cerebral cortex

29

This controls the body's temperature

Hypothalamus

30

Flesh that hangs from soft palate

Uvula

31

Where islets of langerhans are located

Pancreas

32

Blood type of "universal donor"

Type O negative

33

Artery supplying the heart muscle

Pulmonary artery

34

Hair pocket

Follicle

35

Cell division

Mitosis

36

Blood type "factor" (measured in positive and negative)

Rh factor

37

Brain chemicals that move nerve impulses

Neurotransmitters

38

Smaller bone that runs next to the tibia

Fibula

39

Collar bone

Clavicle

40

Proteins that combat foreign proteins

Antibodies

41

Upper jaw bone

Maxilla

42

Body's longest nerve

Sciatic

43

Where vocal chords are located

Larynx

44

Body's longest bone

Femur (upper leg)

45

Gingiva

Gums

46

Bone ribs are attached to

Sternum (breastbone)

47

Male sex hormone

Testosterone

48

Tube travelling to stomach

Esophagus

49

The soft spot on a baby's head

Fontanel

50

Disc-shaped blood cell

Platelet

51

Number of vertebrae in the spine

33

52

Gland "on the kidney"

Adrenal

53

These unite to form zygote

Gametes

54

Hair follicle gland

Subacial gland

55

Rise in basal body temperature indicates this

Ovulation

56

Tear glands

Lacrimal

57

What erythrocytes carry

Red blood cells

58

Watery part of blood

Plasma

59

Tube from nose to esophagus

Pharynx

60

Number of chambers in heart

Four

61

Tubes connecting ovaries to womb

Fallopian tubes

62

Fiberous structure at the end of most muscles

Tendon

63

Neurotransmitters "jump" these spaces between cells

Synapses

64

Nerves at back of abdomen

Solar plexus

65

Shin bone

Tibia

66

Digestive canal

Alimentary

67

Inhalation muscle

Diaphragm

68

Eye "jelly"

Vitreous humor

69

Where blood is produced

Bone marrow

70

Where Graafian follicles are located

Ovaries

71

Transparent layer of the outer eye

Cornea

72

Largest tendon in the body

Achilles tendon

73

Stomach acid

Hydrochloric

74

Two types of light receptors in the eye

Rods and cones

75

Large artery in neck

Carotid artery

76

Rectus femoris muscle

Thigh

77

Sac surrounding heart

Pericardium

78

Largest organ in the body

Skin

79

Upper arm bone

Humerus

80

Thread-like bodies in cell nuclei

Chromosomes

81

Three bones of inner ear

Hammer - anvil - stirrup

82

Blood vessel in the eye

Retina

83

Fibrous protein that makes up hair and nails

keratin

84

Three parts of the brain

Cerebrum - cerebellum - medulla oblongata (brain stem)

85

Outer membrane of the brain

Dura mater

86

Where bile is made - largest internal organ

Liver

87

Skin protein

Keratin

88

Calcified tissue surrounding the pulp (in teeth)

Dentin

89

Heart's upper chambers

Left and right atrium

90

Between the talus and the tibia

Ankle

91

Colored part of the eye

Iris

92

Shoulder bone and collar bone

Pectoral girdle

93

Tubes that connect trachea to lungs

Bronchi

94

Master gland (at the base of brain)

Pituitary

95

Skin's outer layer

Epidermis

96

Body's smallest bone

Hammer (stapes)

97

Lower arm bones

Radius and ulna

98

What leukocytes carry

White blood cells

99

Four tastes the tongue is capable of

Sweet - salty - sour and bitter

100

What makes blood clot

Fibrin

101

Soft center part of teeth

Pulp

102

Tube travelling from mouth to lungs

Trachea

103

Central knee ligament

ACL

104

Group of nerves

Plexus

105

Normal number of human chromosomes

46 (23 pairs)

106

Largest artery in leg

Femoral artery

107

Minnimus

Little toe

108

This organ removes glucose from the blood

Liver

109

Fiber that transmit nerve impulses to neurons

axons

110

Blood purifying organ below the stomach

Spleen

111

Largest joint in the body

Knee

112

Sense of smell nerve

Olfactory nerve

113

Large vein in neck

Jugular vein

114

Shoulder bone

Scapula

115

Female sex hormone

Estrogen

116

Where bile is stored

Gallbladder

117

Cell division which cuts chromosomes in half

Meiosis

118

Numer of bones in the adult human body

206

119

Hearts lower chambers

Left and right ventricles

120

Science of skeletal muscles

Orthopedics

121

Movable part of the eye controlled by the Iris

Pupil

122

Gland that aids in development of the immune system

Thymus

123

Hard outside layer of teeth

Enamel

124

Loop-shaped ear canals that help control balance

Semicircular canals

125

Tail bone

Coccyx

126

Front upper arm muscle

Biceps

127

Skin pigmentation provider

Melanin

128

Where insulin is produced

Pancreas

129

Joints connecting skull plates

Suture joints

130

Body's largest artery

Aorta