Geology Flashcards Preview

Cultural Literacy > Geology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Geology Deck (79):
1

95.5 carat diamond in Smithsonian

Hope Diamond

2

"Mutton fat" nephrite

Jade

3

Kashmir Blue type of gem

Sapphire

4

Diamond material

Carbon

5

Deep black lignite

Jet

6

Large East Africa fault line

Great Rift Valley

7

Purple corundum

Sapphire

8

June birthstone

Pearl

9

Green Chalcedony spotted with red jasper

Bloodstone

10

Study of Earth's physical properties

Geophysics

11

Ruby rating on Mhos scale

Nine

12

Cave ceiling fixtures

Stalactites

13

Reddish-brown gem

Garnet

14

Yellow or golden gem

Topaz

15

Star of India type of gem

Ruby

16

Dense rock formed from cooling lava

Basalt

17

Uranium and radium ore

Pitchblend

18

Southern super continent - 120 million years ago

Gongwana

19

September birthstone

Sapphire

20

Black organic gem

Jet

21

Current geologic era

Cenozoic (recent life)

22

December birthstone

Turquoise

23

Diamond in _Titanic_

Heart of the Ocean

24

Earth's outer layer

Crust

25

Ancient super continent - 240 million years ago

Pangaea

26

Northern super continent - 120 million years ago

Lauasia

27

July birthstone

Ruby

28

Translucent gypsum

Alabaster

29

Large California fault line

San Andreas Fault

30

Current geologic epoch

Holocene

31

Most common igneous rock

Granite

32

Early geologic era

Paleozoic (ancient life)

33

Earth's layer below crust

Mantle

34

Earth's crust most abundant rock

Igneous

35

March birthstone

Aquamarine

36

Middle geologic era

Mesozoic (middle life)

37

November birthstone

Topaz

38

Red corundum

Ruby

39

Hard coal

Anthracite

40

Gem named after a tsarina

Alexandrite

41

Tidal wave caused by an earthquake

Tsunami

42

Mercury ore

Cinnabar

43

Glass formed from cooling lava

Obsidian

44

May birthstone

Emerald

45

Copper ore

Cuprite

46

April birthstone

Diamond

47

Ocean surrounded by volcanic "ring of fire"

Pacific

48

Course grain rock

Gneiss

49

Stalactite and stalagmite combination

column

50

Three types of rock

Igneous - sedimentary - metamorphic

51

Purple quartz

Amethyst

52

Lead ore

Galena

53

Opaque blue or azure gemstone (sometimes flecked)

Lapis lazuli

54

Scale measuring mineral hardness

Mhos scale

55

February birthstone

Amethyst

56

Fool's gold

Iron Pyrite

57

Scale measuring earthquake intensity

Richter scale

58

Aluminum ore

Bauxite

59

Large volcanic crater

Caldera

60

Hard carbon

Diamond

61

Brown coal

Lignite

62

October birthstone

Opal

63

Shale rock type

Sedimentary

64

World's hardest mineral

Diamond

65

Study of rocks

Petrology

66

Green beryl gem

Emerald

67

Diamond rating on Mhos scale

Ten

68

Soft igneous rock

Pumice

69

Soft coal

Bituminous

70

Gem found in Tanzania

Tanzanite

71

Talc rating on Mhos scale

One

72

January birthstone

Garnet

73

Soft carbon

Graphite

74

Earth's energy

Geothermal

75

Current geologic period

Quaternary

76

Earth's age

4.5 billion years

77

Study of the motion of Earth's plates

Tectonics

78

Cave floor fixtures

Stalagmites

79

August birthstone

Peridot